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Inventory of the William Rudolph Gruber papers
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Collection Details
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  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Biographical Note
  • Related Collection(s)
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: William Rudolph Gruber papers
    Date (inclusive): 1911-1978
    Collection Number: 82110
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 3 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box, 1 oversize folder (5.2 linear feet)
    Abstract: The papers of William Rudolph Gruber, U.S. Army brigadier general, consist of correspondence, orders, reports, memoranda, writings, certificates, printed matter, maps, and photographs relating to American military administration of the Panama Canal and American military operations in France during World War I and in the Far East during World War II.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Gruber, William Rudolph, 1890-1979.


    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], William Rudolph Gruber papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1982.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    December 17, 1890 Born, Cincinnati, Ohio
    November 30, 1912 Named commander, United States Army
    1913-1917 Served in Panama
    1917-1918 Served as batallion and regiment commander, 17th Field Artillery, 2nd Division, in the Soissons, Aisne-Marne, St. Mihiel, Champagne, and Meuse-Argonne operations
    June 16, 1919 Married Helen L. Drennan
    1924 Attended Field Artillery School, Fort Still, Oklahoma
    1925 Graduated with honors from the Command and General Staff School, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
    1925-1928 Instructor, Command and General Staff School
    1929 Attended Army War College, Washington, D.C.
    1929-1930 Served as commander, 7th Field Artillery
    1930-1938 Director, Panama Railroad and Steamship Company
    1933-1937 Served as assistant to three secretaries of war on affairs of the Panama Canal, Inland Waterways Corporation, Army engineer projects, and War Department negotiations on the treaty with Panama
    1936 Attended Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island
    1936-1938 Served as commander, 36th Field Artillery
    1938-1941 Served as G.A., chief of staff, Hawaiian Division
    1940 Oversaw Army housing construction project in Hawaii
    1941 Served as commander, 26th Field Artillery Brigade, Camp Roberts, California
    February 1942 Named brigadier general
    1942-1945 Served as artillery commander, 38th and 24th Divisions, Burma, India, China, S.W. Pacific, New Guinea, and Philippine operations
    1945 Served as assistant Army-Navy Foreign Liquidation Commissioner, State Deptartment, Europe
    1946 Retired from the U.S. Army
    January 27, 1979 Died, Carmel, California
    Source: Marquis Biographies Online. Who Was Who in America. http://search.marquiswhoswho.com/profile/200010813094. Accessed 26 November 2014.

    Related Collection(s)

    Papers of William R. Gruber, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The William Rudolph Gruber papers consist of correspondence, orders, reports, memoranda, writings, certificates, printed matter, maps, and photographs documenting Gruber’s wide-ranging career in the United States Army.
    The Military Career File includes correspondence, memoranda, citations, certificates, and reports documenting Gruber’s promotions, assignments, decorations (notably the Silver Star with Third Oak Leaf Cluster and the French Croix de Guerre), leaves of absence, and retirement. The World War I File consists of printed matter documenting military operations in France, particularly the Battle of Blanc Mont. The World War II File consists of Gruber’s military analysis on the vulnerability of Pearl Harbor, as well as reports and other materials relating to the China-Burma India Theater, where Gruber led campaigns under General Joseph Stilwell, providing intelligence and communications in liaisons with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and analysis on the military readiness of China and India. The Panama Canal File consists of correspondence, reports, agendas, and printed matter related to the American military administration of the Panama Canal, gathered during Gruber’s role as assistant to three U.S. secretaries of war.
    The Correspondence series includes Gruber’s letters to and from notable figures, such as presidents Eisenhower, Truman, and Hoover and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. The Writings series includes Gruber’s letters to the editor for various publications, authored articles reflecting on military operations, reports, and manuscripts, as well as research materials. The Photographs series consists of photographs of the Panama Canal (including Franklin D. Roosevelt’s visits in 1934), World War I battles, and portraits of figures such as Douglas MacArthur and Chiang Kai-shek. Finally, the Maps series includes annotated war period military and civilian maps of Panama and Asia, comprised of collected data in the field used for military analysis and civilian reports. The military maps are strategic in nature and depict troop movement.
    The collection is organized according to Gruber’s original arrangement, in chronological order.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Chiang, Kai-shek, 1887-1975--Pictorial works.
    Chiang, Kai-shek, 1887-1975.
    MacArthur, Douglas, 1880-1964.
    Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
    Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919--Pictorial works.
    Stilwell, Joseph Warren, 1883-1946.
    United States. Army--Officers.
    Army War College (United States)
    Panama Canal.
    Pearl Harbor (Hawaii), Attack on, 1941.
    United States--Armed Forces--Hawaii.
    United States--Armed Forces--Panama.
    United States. Army--Officers.
    World War, 1914-1918--Campaigns--France.
    World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Burma.
    World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--China-Burma-India Theater
    World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--China.
    World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Ocean.
    World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Philippines.