A Register of the Arch Puddington Collection

Processed by Aparna Mukherjee
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2005
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the Arch Puddington Collection

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California
Processed by:
Aparna Mukherjee
Date Completed:
2005
Encoded by:
ByteManagers using OAC finding aid conversion service specifications and Elizabeth Konzak
© 2005 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Arch Puddington collection
Dates: 1947-1999
Collection number: 2001C73
Collector: Puddington, Arch, collector.
Collection Size: 34 manuscript boxes, 5 card file boxes (15.6 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Correspondence, memoranda, reports, printed matter, and sound recordings, relating to Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty. Used as research material for the book by A. Puddington, Broadcasting Freedom: The Cold War Triumph of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty (Lexington, Ky., 2000). Includes records and photocopies of records of RFE/RL.
Physical location: Hoover Institution Archives
Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English

Administrative Information

Access

The collection is open for research
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Arch Puddington collection, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives

Acquisition Information

Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2001

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

1944 February 10 Born, Louisville, Kentucky
1966 B.A., University of Missouri, Kansas City
1966-1968 Reporter, Lebanon Daily News, Pennsylvania
1968-1971 Political reporter, Bayonne Times, New Jersey
1971-1976 Program director, A. Philip Randolph Institute, New York City
1976-1985 Executive director, League for Industrial Democracy, New York City
1985-1993 Assistant director, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, New York office
1988 Author, Failed Utopias: Methods of Coercion in Communist Regimes
1993 Senior scholar, Freedom House, New York City
1994- Vice president for research, Freedom House, New York City
2000 Author, Broadcasting Freedom: The Cold War Triumph of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty
2005 Author, Lane Kirkland: Champion of American Labor

Scope and Content of Collection

The Arch Puddington papers, acquired in 2001, consist of correspondence, memoranda, microfiche, photographs, printed matter, reports, and sound recordings relating to Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty. They were used as research material for the book by Arch Puddington, Broadcasting Freedom: The Cold War Triumph of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty (Lexington, Kentucky, 2000). The collection includes records and photocopies of records of RFE/RL.
The bulk of the papers, contained in the Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty File, focus on the history of RFE/RL and its broadcasting policy. The effectiveness of its programs, as determined by governments and listeners in different countries, is reflected in Clippings and Printed Matter. Research Materials contains information relating to such issues as the beginnings, purpose, and future of RFE/RL, waves of internal dissent weakening RFE/RL as an instrument of U.S. policy, the question of its funding by the Central Intelligence Agency, and the role played by individuals and organizations in the activities of RFE/RL.
The inclusion of a substantial number of sound recordings complement the series previously mentioned.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into 6 series: Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty File, Clippings and Printed Matter, Research Materials, Photographs, Microfiche from Congressional Information Service Microfiche Library, and Sound Recordings.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in Stanford University's online catalog.

Subjects

Radio Free Europe.
Radio Liberty (Munich, Germany)
Radio broadcasting--Europe, Eastern.
Radio broadcasting--Soviet Union.
Phonotapes.
RFE/RL, inc.


Container List

Box: 1

Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty File, 1949-2000

Scope and Content Note

Briefing and fact books, correspondence, interview transcripts, memoranda, minutes of meetings, reports, statement, and subject files relating to RFE/RL history, broadcasting policy, strategic planning, and programs set up to target listeners in different countries, arranged alphabetically by physical form
Box/Folder: 1 : 1-9

General files, 1949 July – 1992 October.

Scope and Content Note

Includes clippings and printed matter, correspondence, memoranda, minutes of meetings, and survey reports relating to RFE/RL programs and their effectiveness, and the future of RFE/RL
Box/Folder: 1 : 10

Briefing book, 1974 July 4

Box/Folder: 2 : 1-7

Correspondence, 1971-1975.

Scope and Content Note

Includes related materials
Box/Folder: 2 : 8

Fact Book, 1950-1973

Box/Folder: 2 : 9

Interview with W. Griffith, Bonn, Germany, 1986 May 13

Box/Folder: 2 : 10

Memoranda, 1951-1953

Box/Folder: 3 : 1-2

Minutes of Planning Committee meetings, 1950-1959

Box/Folder: 3 : 3-4

Policy and publicity manuals, 1959-1976

Box/Folder: 3 : 5

Proceedings of conference on policy matters, 1961

Box/Folder: 3 : 6-8

Records of the Department of Information Services, 1950-1973

 

Reports

 

General

Box/Folder: 3 : 9-10

1951-1956

Box/Folder: 4 : 1

1967-1968

Box/Folder: 4 : 2-5

Annual, 1968-1993

Box/Folder: 4 : 6

Financial, 1973

Box/Folder: 4 : 7-8

Kersten Committee on Communist aggression, 1954

Box/Folder: 4 : 9-10

Media, 1971-1974

Box/Folder: 5 : 1

President of the United States Task Force on U.S. Government International Broadcasting, 1991 December

Box/Folder: 5 : 2

Publications and Special Projects Division, 1967-1969

Box/Folder: 5 : 3

Watergate, 1973

Box/Folder: 5 : 4

Weekly, 1958-1970

Box/Folder: 5 : 5

West European Operations Report (WEOR), 1965

Box/Folder: 5 : 6

Statement, "East Europe and Radio Free Europe in an 'Era of Negotiation'," submitted by William P. Durkee, 1971 June 14

 

Subject file

 

General

Box/Folder: 5 : 7-11

1950-1951.

Scope and Content Note

Consists of correspondence, memoranda, reports, and telegrams illustrating RFE/RL broadcasting policy guidelines and summary, record of monitoring broadcasts, and personnel records
Box/Folder: 6 : 1-6

1952-1993

Box/Folder: 6 : 7

Anti-Semitism, 1977–1986

Box/Folder: 6 : 8-9

Bombing of Munich office, 1981

Box/Folder: 6 : 10

London Program Center, 1950-1959

Box/Folder: 7 : 1

Pentagon Papers, 1971(?)

Box/Folder: 7 : 2-3

Public relations, 1955-1958

Box/Folder: 7 : 4-9

Radio programs rating and audience research.

Scope and Content Note

Includes East European Area Audience and Opinion Research (EEAOR), 1953-1982
Box/Folder: 8 : 1-3

Research materials and some chapters written for a book on Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty, 1950-1996

Box/Folder: 8 : 4-7

Strategic planning, 1967-1993

 

United States Congress

Box/Folder: 8 : 8

1949-1999

Box/Folder: 9 : 1-8

1949-1999

Box/Folder: 9 : 9

Winter Olympic Games (14th: 1984: Sarajevo, Bosnia and Hercegovina), 1984 February-April

Box: 10

Countries

Box/Folder: 10 : 1

General, 1974

Box/Folder: 10 : 2

Albania, 1958

Box/Folder: 10 : 3

Azerbaijan, 1990

Box/Folder: 10 : 4

Baltic States, 1952-1991

Box/Folder: 10 : 5

Cuba, 1962

 

Czechoslovakia.

Note

See also Hungary
Box/Folder: 10 : 6-16

1950-1966

Box/Folder: 11 : 1-9

1967-1998

Box/Folder: 11 : 10-11

East Europe, 1963-1964

Box: 12

Germany

Box/Folder: 12 : 1-10

1951-1970

Box/Folder: 13 : 1-8

1970-2000

 

Hungary.

Note

See also Czechoslovakia
Box/Folder: 13 : 9-10

1950-1951

Box/Folder: 14 : 1-12

1951-1956

Box/Folder: 15 : 1-10

1956-1957

Box/Folder: 16 : 1-8

1956-1986

Box/Folder: 16 : 9

Latin America, 1960-1961

 

Poland

Box/Folder: 16 : 10-12

1950-1951

Box/Folder: 17 : 1-10

1952-1956

Box/Folder: 18 : 1-9

1956-1958

Box/Folder: 19 : 1-12

1958-1996

Box/Folder: 19 : 13

Romania, 1964-1974

Box/Folder: 20 : 1

Serbia and Montenegro (former Yugoslavia), 1953-1962

Box/Folder: 20 : 2-6

Soviet Union, 1953-1988

 

Clippings and Printed Matter, 1952-1995.

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically by language of material
 

English.

Scope and Content Note

Includes related materials
Box/Folder: 20 : 7

1952-1961

Box/Folder: 20 : 8-9

1954-1969

Box/Folder: 20 : 10

1957-1971

Box/Folder: 21 : 1

1970-1971

Box/Folder: 21 : 2

1972

Box/Folder: 21 : 3-5

1973-1976

Box/Folder: 21 : 6

1976-1977

Box/Folder: 21 : 7

1978-1979

Box/Folder: 21 : 8

1980-1981

Box/Folder: 21 : 9

1982

Box/Folder: 21 : 10-11

1983

Box/Folder: 22 : 1-3

1984

Box/Folder: 22 : 4-5

1985

Box/Folder: 22 : 6-7

1986

Box/Folder: 22 : 8

1987

Box/Folder: 22 : 9

1987-1988

Box/Folder: 23 : 1-2

1988

Box/Folder: 23 : 3-4

1989

Box/Folder: 23 : 5-7

1990

Box/Folder: 23 : 8-10

1991

Box/Folder: 24 : 1-6

1991-1994

Box/Folder: 24 : 7

French, 1970-1995

Box/Folder: 24 : 8

German, 1952-1989

Box/Folder: 24 : 9

Polish, 1971-1979

 

Russian

Box/Folder: 24 : 10-13

1954-1970

Box/Folder: 25 : 1-12

1970-1984

Box/Folder: 26 : 1-12

1985-1994

Box: 27

Research Materials, 1947-1996.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, interview transcripts, memoranda, messages, minutes of meetings, printed matter, remarks, and speeches by or about individuals and organizations familiar with issues affecting Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty, arranged alphabetically by name of individual or organization
Box/Folder: 27 : 1-4

Altschul, Frank, 1949-1956

Box/Folder: 27 : 5

American Committee for Liberation from Bolshevism, 1951-1954

Box/Folder: 27 : 6

Berle, Adolf A., 1949-1959

Box/Folder: 27 : 7

Bialer, Seweryn, 1956-1963

Box/Folder: 27 : 8

Brzezinski, Zbigniew, 1961

Box/Folder: 27 : 9

Buckley, James, 1981-1985

Box/Folder: 27 : 10

Clay, Lucius D., 1949-1951

Box/Folder: 28 : 1

Collins, Larry D., 1973

Box/Folder: 28 : 2

Cummings, Richard S., 1987-1996

Box/Folder: 28 : 3

Dulles, Allen W., 1949-1961

Box/Folder: 28 : 4

Dulles, John Foster, 1948-1959

Box/Folder: 28 : 5

Eidlin, Fred, 1970-1995

Box/Folder: 28 : 6

Freedom House, 1973

Box/Folder: 28 : 7

Free Europe Committee, 1956-1964

Box/Folder: 29 : 1-6

Fulbright, J. William, 1967-1979

Box/Folder: 29 : 7

Galantiere, Lewis, 1951-1964

Box/Folder: 29 : 8

Gornicki, Wieslaw, 1960-1965

Box/Folder: 30 : 1-4

Grew, Joseph C., 1949-1965

 

Griffith, William E., 1961.

Note

See Zbigniew Brzezinski/box 27
Box/Folder: 30 : 5-8

Jackson, C. D., 1950-1966

Box/Folder: 30 : 9

Jackson, Henry M., 1973-1987

 

Kennan, George F.

Box/Folder: 30 : 10-11

1953-1966

Box/Folder: 31 : 1-3

1967-1993

Box/Folder: 31 : 4

Kohler, Foy, 1950-1990

Box/Folder: 31 : 5

Lewis, Fulton, 1958

Box/Folder: 31 : 6

Michie, Allan A, 1963

Box/Folder: 31 : 7

Mickelson, Sig, 1975-1977

Box/Folder: 31 : 8

National Committee for a Free Europe, 1952-1954

Box/Folder: 32 : 1-6

Peroutka, Ferdinand, 1950-1964

Box/Folder: 32 : 7-8

Poole, Dewitt C., 1949-1959

Box/Folder: 32 : 9-11

Ramparts, 1967-1979

Box/Folder: 33 : 1-3

Reagan, Ronald, 1978-1987

Box/Folder: 33 : 4

Sargeant, Howland H., 1957-1984

Box/Folder: 33 : 5

Shakespeare, Frank J., 1969-1986

Box/Folder: 33 : 6-8

United States Information Agency (USIA), 1961-1993

 

Voice of America (VOA)

Box/Folder: 33 : 9-11

1947-1982

Box/Folder: 34 : 1-3

1982-1993

Box/Folder: 34 : 4-5

Walter, Ralph E., 1952-1982

 

Photographs, 1950-1970s.

Scope and Content Note

20 prints depicting personalities such as James F. Brown, Eleanor Daniels, Juliette Greco, Tom Jones, Martin Luther King, Jan Mekota, Francis Ronalds, Nikolai Safonow, C. Rodney Smith, Peter Zaboji, arranged chronologically
Box/Folder: 34 : 6

7 prints depicting unidentified individuals, undated

Box/Folder: 34 : 7

1 print depicting C. Rodney Smith, president of Radio Free Europe, possibly giving a speech, undated

Box/Folder: 34 : 8

1 print depicting Radio Liberty editor Francis Ronalds interviewing Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., undated

Box/Folder: 34 : 9

1 print depicting refugee interviews with Fehlhaber, undated

Box/Folder: 34 : 10

1 print depicting Eleanor Daniels, secretary to special deputy for Soviet affairs, Munich, undated

Box/Folder: 34 : 11

1 print depicting Nougzar Sharia of Radio Liberty's Georgian desk broadcasting news from the West to the listeners in his former homeland in their own language, undated

Box/Folder: 34 : 12

1 print depicting unidentified Radio Free Europe editors preparing for the initial broadcast to Romania, 1950 July 14

Box/Folder: 34 : 13

1 print depicting an unidentified Bulgarian announcer at Radio Free Europe during the 1960s

Box/Folder: 34 : 14

1 print depicting Archbishop Alexander, head of the Independent Russian Orthodox Church for West Germany and Berlin, having a discussion with Radio Liberty director Richard Bertrandias, while Nikolai Safonow, Press and Public Relations Office, Munich, interprets, during the Archbishop's visit to the Oberwiesenfeld Building, 1961 December 6

Box/Folder: 34 : 15

1 print depicting Talbot Hood interviewing a typical cab driver, with Big Ben and the Parliament building behind them, 1963 February

Box/Folder: 34 : 16

1 print depicting Peter Zaboji, Radio Free Europe's Hungarian disc jockey, interviewing Tom Jones during the British singing star's visit to Munich, 1968 March

Box/Folder: 34 : 17

1 print depicting Jan Mekota, a Radio Free Europe disc jockey, interviewing Juliette Greco during the French singing star's visit to Munich, 1968 March

Box/Folder: 34 : 18

1 print depicting James F. Brown conducting one of Radio Free Europe's daily policy meetings during the 1970s

Box/Folder: 34 : 19

1 print depicting an unidentified Kyrgyz broadcaster delivering a news commentary during the 1970s

 

Microfiche from Congressional Information Service Microfiche Library, 1977-1979.

Scope and Content Note

Arranged chronologically
Box/Folder: 34 : 20

8 microfiche relating to international affairs, and U.S. Department of State and congressional matters regarding Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty

Box: 35-39

Sound Recordings 1951-1996

Scope and Content Note

93 compact sound cassettes recording interviews and speeches of individuals associated with Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty, arranged alphabetically by name of individual or organization
Box: 35

Frank, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0004863
 

Andras, Charles, sound recording of interview 1996 July

Scope and Content Note

This interview concerns Andras' time at Radio Free Europe. It covers everything from describing day-to-day activities (i.e. life-cycle of a script) to analytical moments (i.e. commenting on the nature of RFE and how this led to them backing organizations they wouldn't back in America). Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0004867
 

Andreescu, Gabriel, sound recording of interview 1994 May 4

Scope and Content Note

This interview concerns the influence of Radio Free Europe on Andreescu. Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0004871
 

Bailey, George, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0004872
 

Barthelemy, Tom, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0004879
 

Bellus, Samko, sound recording of interview by Russell Poole 1993 November 24 1996 July

Note

3 compact sound cassettes. Use copy reference numbers: 2001c73_a_0004882 and 2001c73_a_0004883
 

Bensi, Giovanni, sound recording of interview 1996 July

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0004885
 

Berle, P. or Bruce Partu (spelling uncertain), sound recording of interview 1996 June 19

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0004888
 

Borbandi, Gyula, sound recording of interview 1996 July

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0004892
 

Brown, James, III, sound recordings of interview by Puddington undated and 1996 April 10

Scope and Content Note

The 10 April 1996 phone interview concerns Jim Brown's career with Radio Free Europe, beginning with Brown's start in February 1957 through his directorship. Brown describes the circumstance in which he started at RFE. He says he did not intend to be an expert on Eastern European history; that he "stumbled into RFE," having left an academic magazine and simply needing a job. Remarking that he started in the aftermath of the Hungarian Revolution in 1956, he says that event changed a lot of things in RFE. Among other cultural changes, RFE became more interested in research. It wanted to get more facts, rather than propaganda. RFE believed that if a similar debacle ever happened again, it would be the end of RFE. Moreover, he mentions that after 1956, the atmosphere of the programming moved from liberation to gradualism. Eventually, years later, RFE would be really proud of its research product and advertised the academics, etc., that used its information. Much of the time is spent describing the internal culture of the organization. Brown remembers that employees would discuss amongst themselves their opinions about the various issues of the day. However, he notes that there were a series of interdepartmental "cold wars." When he became director, Brown credits himself with making RFE's approach more regional. That is, he thought the various services had been very provincial and only focused on its particular country. He tried to get them to emphasize that all those countries was a part of Europe just as the Western European democracies were. He says the Polish service was the most important service and set the pace for the rest of the organization. Another topic discussed in depth is RFE's connection to the Polish solidarity movement. Within that discussion, Brown credits the Polish church--among other organizations--as acting as a calming agent, as opposed to the more "incendiary" solidarity movement. He feels that together with the solidarity movement and calming agents, RFE helped to exploit cracks in the communist system. The men often discuss their colleagues from the organization, especially Robert Novak. Other items are mentioned in the discussion. RFE had a small Soviet section before the merger with Radio Liberty. Brown knew very little about the connection between RFE and the CIA, but says RFE had a lot of independence. At one point, Brown never thought RFE would bring down the Soviet empire. Finally, RFE had good relations with the consulate. Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0002971
The undated/1996 phone interview picks up where the April 1996 discussion left off. They discuss Brown's tenure as RFE director in the 1980s. Topics cover the Polish service; Shakespeare, James Buckley, William F. Buckley, and the BIB; why Brown left RFE over a disagreement over the Czechoslovakia desk; RFE's criticism of previous presidents as compared to Reagan; and various directors of RFE. 3 compact sound cassettes. Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0002972
 

Buckley, James, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0004897
 

Buell, Bill, and Sig Mickelson sound recording of interviews undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0004904
 

Bush, Keith, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0004906
 

Carnes, Lord, sound recording of interview 1994 May 16

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005013
 

Carp, Mircea, sound recording of interview 1996 July

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005021
 

Corti, Mavic, and Uldis Grava, sound recording of interviews 1996 July

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0004859
Box: 36

Crusade for Freedom sound recording 1951-1952

Scope and Content Note

Program describes Radio Free Europe and Crusade For Freedom, fighting the Cold War via radio. Includes a dramatization of what it is like to listen to radio in the USSR, an example of Communist radio jamming, a popular song produced by RFE, a freedomgram, reports from the heads of different RFE services. Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0001275
 

Cummings, Richard, sound recording of interview 1996 July

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005037
 

Davies, Richard, sound recording of interview 1996 May 22

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005040
 

Davis, John R. (ambassador), and Robert Byrnes sound recording of interviews undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005043
 

Deák, Isztuan sound recording of interview 1990 April 27 1996 April 2

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005046

Scope and Content Note

Also contains sound recording of the Committee for the Free World, 27 April 1990
 

Deming, Gerd von, sound recording of interview 1994 June 6

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005053
 

Dunning, John, sound recording of interview April 4

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005055
 

Ekecs, Geza, sound recording of interview 1996 July

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005063
 

Ekmanis, sound recording of interview 1996 May 30

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005224
 

Fedoseyev, Rachel, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005228
 

Ferguson, Glen, sound recording of interview undated

 

Floda, Liviu, sound recording of interview 1996 June 13

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005238
 

Forbes, Steve, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005267
 

Goble, Paul, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005268
 

Gawlikowski, Leszek, sound recording of interview 1996 July

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005269
 

Gauebau, Isztvau, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005270
 

Gillette, Robert and David Abshire sound recording of interviews undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005271
 

Girnius, Kestutis, and Nester Ratesh sound recording of interviews undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005273
Box: 37

Griffith, Bill, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005446
 

Sound recording of speech to the entire staff of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty 1979-1980

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005231

Scope and Content Note

The speech focuses on the RFE/RL budget, employment, and the future of the organization. This talk was likely given in either 1979 or 1980. The cassette is labeled, in error, as an undated interview with Glen Gerguson at the Hilton Hotel in Munich.
 

Handler, Yuri, sound recording of interview 1996 July

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005457
 

Henze, Paul, sound recording of interview undated and 1994 April 20

Note

3 compact sound cassettes. Use copy reference numbers: 2001c73_a_0005460, 2001c73_a_0005465 and 2001c73_a_0005468
 

Hutchings, Robert, James Wilburn, and Marina Vladimir sound recording of interview 1996 April 19 undated

Note

Hutchings interview is 19 April 1996; the others are undated. Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005472
 

Ilves, Tom, sound recording of interview 1996 April 16

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005476
 

Jezdinski(?), sound recording of interview 1994 May 2

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005479
 

Johnson, A. Ross, sound recording of interview 1996 April 18

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005481

Scope and Content Note

This interview concerns his work at Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Though it touches on his earlier three-year service, the bulk of the interview concerns his time in the 1980s and 1990s.
 

Kalabinski, Jacek, sound recording 1996 April 3

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005482

Scope and Content Note

Kalabinski speaks about Polish and Czech events and the influence of Radio Free Europe on them.
 

Karpinski, Jakub, and Dave Evanier sound recording of interview 1996 April 1 1991 June 9

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005484

Scope and Content Note

The Karpinski interview was recorded over the telephone on 1 April 1996; Dave Evanier was recorded on the Mike Feder show on 1 June 1991.
 

Kastner, Al, sound recording of interview 1996 April 4

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005487
 

Keri, Thomas, sound recording of interview undated, 1956, and 1994 March 10

Note

3 compact sound cassettes. Sleeve of one undated cassette label reads: Keri-Hungarian 1956 Thomas. Use copy reference numbers: 2001c73_a_0005489, 2001c73_a_0005552
 

Latvnski, Marek, sound recording of interview undated

Note

2 compact sound cassettes. Use copy reference numbers: 2001c73_a_0005555 and 2001c73_a_0005557
 

Leinwoll, Stanley, sound recording of interview 1994 March 23

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005554
 

Lasata, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005556
 

Peyman, Karl, sound recording of interview 1994 May 10

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005553
Box: 38

Marks, Leonard, sound recording of interview 1996 June 6

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005558
 

Marsh, Bill, sound recording of interview 1996 June 5

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005559
 

Matthews, John, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005561
 

Matlock, Jack, sound recordingof interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005562
 

Matusevich, Vladimir, sound recording of interview 1996 June 7

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005563
 

McCargan, James, sound recording of interview 1994 April 19

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005564
 

Mullervey, Mary, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005565
 

Novak, Jan, sound recording of interview 1996 April 19

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005566
 

Palous, Martin, sound recording of interview by telephone 1994 May 2

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005568
 

Panoff, Kyrill, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005569
 

Parta, Gene, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005677
 

Pehachek, Pavel, and Lida Rakusanova sound recording of interview 1996 July

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005678
 

Pell, Gene, sound recording of interview 1996 June 5

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005680
 

Pomar, Mark, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005683
 

Poole, Russell, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005744
 

Raymond, Walt, sound recording of interview 16 April

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005747
 

Revmgu(?) sound recording of interview undated

 

Reyman, Karl, sound recording of interview 1994 April 6

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005750
Box: 39

Richardson, John, sound recording of interview 1996 June 4

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005805
 

Reitman, Lev, and Fred Eidlin sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005806
 

Ronalds, Francois, Jr., sound recording of interview October 3

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005807

Scope and Content Note

A woman interviews Ronalds about his time at Radio Liberty.
 

Ronalds, Ronnie, sound recording of interview of interview 1996 June 6

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005808
 

Rowson sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005809
 

Rubin, Gene, sound recording of interview 1994 April 4

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005810

Scope and Content Note

Among the topics covered are Rubin's career as a journalist, why he would leave his country even though he was a top sports writer, the impact of his Judaism, and censorship.
 

Ruszar, Joseph, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005811
 

Steibel, Gerald, sound recording of interview 1996 March 27

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005812

Scope and Content Note

Steibel comments on the early days of Radio Free Europe in the 1950s. Among the topics are: how and why the purpose of RFE changed from liberation, anticommunism in RFE, the influence of the CIA, the Crusade for Freedom, the fallout from the Czech uprising, and the effect of the radios.
 

Szabados sound recording of interview 1996 May 15

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005813
 

Tigrid, Pavel, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005817
 

Traycey, Roman, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005818
 

Vallens, Dagmara, sound recording of interview 1996 March 22

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005819
 

Vasiliev, Rosen, sound recording of interview 1996 April 12

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005822
 

Washbuir sound recording of interview 1996 June 7

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005823
 

Wierzbiecki, Zbigniew, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005824
 

Wimbush, Enders, sound recording of interview undated

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005825
 

Zaprudnik, Jan, sound recording of interview 1994 March 29

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005829
 

Brzezinski, Zbigniew, sound recording of interview 1996 May 16

Note

Use copy reference number: 2001c73_a_0005830