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A Register to the Natalie Grant Wraga Papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biography Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Natalie Grant Wraga Papers
    Dates: 1919-2004
    Collection number: 2005C55
    Creator: Wraga, Natalie Grant, 1901-2002.
    Collection Size: 31 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box 12.8 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: The papers of the American Foreign Service officer and Sovietologist include writings, notes, correspondence, and printed matter, relating to the Soviet government, foreign policy, espionage and clandestine activities, and especially the use of disinformation as a tactic. Includes photocopies of United States Department of State dispatches relating to Soviet activities during the 1920s and 1930s. Includes a typescript book-length-study entitled "Window on Russia." Also includes some papers of Ryszard (Richard) Wraga, Sovietologist and husband of Natalie Wraga.
    Physical location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English Russian

    Administrative Information


    The collection is open for research
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Natalie Grant Wraga Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2005.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biography Note

    1901 February 24 Born as Natalie Konstantinovna Mark, Tallinn, Estonia
    1920s Fled the Soviet Union. Became a U.S. citizen when she married Malcolm Grant (divorced shortly thereafter)
    1923 Employed with the American Relief Administration
    1928-1939 Worked for the American Legation in Riga, Latvia, as a translator and analyst
    1950s Employed with the U.S. Department of State as a Sovietologist
    1959 May 20 Married Ryszard Wraga, also known as Jerzy Antoni Niezbrzycki
    Mid-1960s Moved to Menlo Park, California, and worked for the Hoover Institution, Stanford University
    1981-1988 Volunteer, League of Women Voters
    1983-1985 Volunteer, Project Hope
    1985 Volunteer, Republican Women's Club of Loudoun County, Virginia
    2002 November 12 Died, Lovettsville, Virginia

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Natalie Grant Wraga papers include correspondence, notes, writings, and printed matter relating to the Soviet Government, U.S. foreign policy, espionage and clandestine activities, and the use of disinformation as opposed to simple propaganda as a tactic.
    The largest series, Speeches and Writings, includes her typescript, book-length study entitled "Window on Russia." Writing under the name Natalie Grant, she was also the author of several monographs and articles in intelligence journals. She was an authority on "The Trust," one of the most important Soviet deception operations, in which a phony opposition group in the 1920s tricked émigrés and domestic opponents of the new Soviet regime into exposing their plans and feeding false information to the West.
    The Subject File contains material related to her own publications. This includes articles and notes about Bolsheviks, communism, disinformation, emigration, espionage, the GPU (Glavnoe Politicheskoe Upravlenie or Main Political Administration), Russian civil war, etc. It also includes photocopies of U.S. Department of State dispatches relating to Soviet activities during the 1920s and 1930s.
    The Richard (Ryszard) Wraga File contains papers of Richard (Ryszard) Wraga, Sovietologist and husband of Natalie Wraga. The Hoover Institution Archives also holds a separate collection of his materials, the Ryszard Wraga papers. Additional papers of Richard Wraga are available at the Józef Piłsudski Institute of America in New York City.


    The collection is organized into 10 series: Biographical File, Richard Wraga File, Correspondence, Speeches and Writings, Subject File, Soviet Delegations File, Writings by Others, Newspapers and Clippings, Photographs and Negatives, and Oversize Material.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in Stanford University's online catalog.


    Intelligence service--Soviet Union.
    Espionage, Russian.
    Secret service--Soviet Union.
    Soviet Union--Foreign relations.
    Soviet Union--Politics and government.
    Wraga Ryszard, 1902-1968.
    United States. Dept. of State.