INVENTORY OF THE GRIPSHOLM EXCHANGES, 1941- 2007

Finding aid prepared by Veronica D'Aquino
California State University, Dominguez Hills
Archives & Special Collections
University Library, Room G-145
1000 E. Victoria Street
Carson, California 90747
Phone: (310) 243-3895
URL: http://www.csudh.edu/archives/csudh/index.html
©2008


Descriptive Summary

Title: The Gripsholm Exchanges (Manuscript). Memoir by Atushi Archi Miyamoto
Dates: 1941- 2007
Collection Number: "Consult repository."
Creator: Miyamoto, Atushi Archi
Extent: 1 box, [0.5 linear feet]
Repository: California State University, Dominguez Hills Archives and Special Collections
Archives & Special Collection
University Library, Room G-145
1000 E. Victoria Street
Carson, California 90747
Phone: (310) 243-3013
URL: http://www.csudh.edu/archives/csudh/index.html
Abstract: Manuscript/memoir of Atushi Archi Miyamoto on the diplomatic exchanges between the United States and Japan (1942-1943) known as The Gripsholm Exchanges. This document reflects upon and shares personal hardships experienced by detainees during World War II.
Language: Collection material is in English

Administration Information

Access

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Publication Rights

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Archives and Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical materials and not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Preferred Citation

[Title of item], The Gripsholm Exchanges (Manuscript). Memoir by Atushi Archi Miyamoto, Courtesy of the Department of Archives and Special Collections. University Library. California State University, Dominguez Hills California State University, Dominguez Hills.

Acquisition Information

The materials were donated to the California State University Archives at California State University, Dominguez Hills by Atushi Archie Miyamoto in February 2007.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Veronica D’Aquino, 2008.

History or Biography

Manuscript. Atushi Archie Miyamoto memoir entitled The Gripsholm Exchanges: a short concise report on the exchanges of the hostages during WWII between the United States and Japan as it relates to Japanese Americans. These hostage exchanges took place between July 1942 and August 1943 in Lourenço Marques, Mozambique and Mormugao, India respectively. The author was a child passenger of the second exchange aboard the Swedish liner S.S. Gripsholm which was used as repatriation ship between the warfaring nations. Mr. Miyamoto returned to the United States as a teenager in 1948 and served as a lieutenant colonel in the US army until his retirement.

Scope and Content

The collection consists of two unpublished manuscripts written in October 2006, one of which is the revised version. The manuscript reviews the diplomatic negotiations which started in December 1941 and includes the accounts of two voyages, their stops enroute to their final destinations, and the hardships families experienced while painting a vivid picture of the detainees’ experience. The author also dispels common misconceptions that depict the exchange as exclusively one of prisoners of wars or one including Japanese American internees from the Tule Lake internment camp in California rather than the actual detainees which were mostly diplomats. This manuscript is based on the analyses of post war Japanese resources, the Gripsholm passengers’ lists, United States redress provisions for persons of Japanese ancestry, redress appeals, and personal testimonials of Japanese detainees, many of which are included as appendixes.

Indexing Terms

Subjects

World War, 1939-1945—Diplomatic history
World War, 1939-1945—Japanese Americans
Japanese Americans—Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945—History—Sources
Japanese Americans—Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945—Anecdotes
Reparations for historical injustices

Personal Names

Miyamoto, Atushi Archi

Corporate Names

Gripsholm (Ship)
Tule Lake Relocation Center

Geographic Terms

Japan
United States
Lourenço Marques (Mozambique)
Marmagao (India)


Manuscript Collection

 

Manuscripts. The Gripsholm Exchanges, [1941- 2007]

Physical Description: 1 box, [2 volumes]

Scope and Content Note

Two versions of The Gripsholm Exchanges: a short concise report on the exchanges of the hostages during WWII between the United States and Japan as it relates to Japanese Americans.
 

Manuscript 1. The Gripsholm Exchanges: first edition, 1941-2007

Physical Description: 1 volume

Scope and Content Note

The first manuscript describes the nature of the Gripsholm exchanges as a means for ensuring the return of diplomatic personnel between the United States and Japan as first priority. Additionally, it includes an account of the diplomatic negotiations; the two exchanges of personnel; and sections on redress for minors, for the exchange of passengers from Latin America, and for those who disembarked in Singapore. Appendixes contain: passenger lists of both exchanges as well as governmental redress documentation.
 

Manuscript 2. The Gripsholm Exchanges: first edition, 1941-2007

Physical Description: 1 volume

Scope and Content Note

New documentation updating the manuscript has been attached to volume 2. Additional evidence regarding redress for those who disembarked at Singapore has been added to Appendix D. Likewise, a new appendix containing a compilation of five detainees' testimonials, one of which is Atushi Archie Miyamoto's personal accounts, has been included.