Inventory of the Eunice Burton Armstrong papers

Finding aid prepared by Tess McCarthy
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
© 2015

Title: Eunice Burton Armstrong papers,
Date (inclusive): 1932-1941
Collection Number: 2011C28
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 5 manuscript boxes, 3 oversize boxes, 2 card file boxes (5.8 linear feet)
Abstract: Correspondence, memoranda, notes, bulletins, newsletters, clippings, other printed matter, and mailing lists and address cards, relating to efforts of the America First Committee to ensure American neutrality during World War II. Includes issuances of and correspondence with other peace organizations.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Armstrong, Eunice Burton, 1887-


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Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Eunice Burton Armstrong papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2011.

Related Collections

America First Committee records, Hoover Institution Archives.
Fight for Freedom Committee records, Hoover Institution Archives.
Ruth Sarles typescript : A history of America First, Hoover Institution Archives.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical and Historical Note

Eunice Burton Armstrong was born 1887 in Waterford, New York and married Donald Budd Armstrong, a physician. They raised four sons, Donald Budd Armstrong, Jr., Lincoln Armstrong, a Conscientious Objector to war, Burton Armstrong and Stewart Armstrong.
Armstrong majored in English with a B.A. from Mt. Holyoke College, Massachusetts and an M.A. in Economics, Social Legislation and Psychology from Columbia University. She finished her post graduate education at the New York School of Social Work and later became a psychologist. Eunice Armstrong's career led her to teaching, writing and speaking engagements on womens' suffrage, public health and psychology.
Armstrong was assistant editor of the Archives of Psychoanalysis and, performed research for the Encyclopedia of Social Forces. In addition to her professional writing, Armstrong became involved with writing editorials "for small town papers...during and after [the] last war." She also wrote publicity for the amendment to the Selective Service Act prohibiting use of drafted men outside the United States.
Eunice Armstrong’s work experience included performing taxation and housing studies as well as serving as a New York State Factory Inspector which included sweat shop inspections and court work. As field director of the New York City Department of Welfare, Armstrong was in charge of 140 inspectors who were investigating orphan asylums. She later was a consultant psychologist for school and private patients for 15 years.
Armstrong became Educational Director of the America First Committee’s New York Chapter in 1941. The America First Committee was a non-interventionist, political pressure group that existed from 1940 to 1941 urging United States government from entering World War II. Some members were Charles Lindberg, Burton K. Wheeler, Dr. George H. Whipple and Chester Bowles. According to an appeal letter written December 1941, the America First Committee defined itself as "a non-partisan, non-profit-making, non-sectarian organization which believes in the impregnable defense of the Americas and opposes the sending of an American Expeditionary Force" to Europe.
Member affiliations:
Board of Directors, Massachusetts Suffrage Committee
Westchester Planned Parenthood League
District Nursing Association, Ossining, New York
Eunice B. Armstrong papers, Hoover Institution Archives.

Separated Materials

For ease of use, the bulk of mailing labels have been separated and placed in separate box numbers 8 and 9.

Arrangement Statement

Files are grouped according to the creator's original file system. Un-filed materials were placed in existing series and file structure chronologically then alphabetically. AFC Bulletin is also arranged numerically and chronologically.

Scope and Content of Collection

Correspondence, memoranda, notes, bulletins, newsletters, clippings, other printed matter, mailing lists and address cards relating to efforts of the America First Committee to ensure American neutrality and other anti-war campaigns during World War II. Collection contains newspapers and printed materials published by the America First Committee. Other peace organizations include National Council for the Prevention of War (NCPW) and the People's Lobby. Womens' peace organizations include Women Investors in America that included Armstrong's involvement, Women Patriots of the Republic, Women United to Preserve America, and other womens' organizations involving mothers such as Silver Star Mothers and We, the Mothers, Mobilize for America.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

America First Committee. New York Chapter, Inc.
America First Committee.
United States--Neutrality.
United States--Non-interventionalism.
Women--Political activity--United States.
World War, 1939-1945--Peace.
World War, 1939-1945--Protest movements.
World War, 1939-1945--United States.


America First Committee files, February 1936 - December 1941

Scope and Contents note

America First Committee, New York Chapter, Inc. and the Womens' Division files include minutes, correspondence, clippings, memoranda, correspondence, radio bulletins, and printed materials. Research files contain printed materials on Charles Lindberg and the "Youth for America First" report.
Among the collection are America First bulletins entitled Bulletin along with a file containing annotated copies of America First Bulletin that were orginally kept separate from the remainder of the files.
Box/Folder 1 : 1

Research files, February 1936 - August 1941

Box/Folder 1 : 2

Memoranda and organizational records, April 1940 - October 1941


Correspondence and clippings, January 1941 - December 1941

Scope and Contents note

Includes fever charts and correspondence lists notating those who oppose or support initiatives as well as drafts and samples of chain letters and congressional correspondence from Senators Joseph Ball, W. Warren Barbour and James T. Davis and appeal letters to House members.
Box/Folder 1 : 3

Congressional correspondence, 1940 - 1941

Scope and Contents note

Includes fever charts notating those who oppose or support initiatives.
Box/Folder 1 : 4

Campaigns and events, January 1941 - December 1941

Box/Folder 1 : 5

Recruitment letters, 1941


Peace Organizations, circa 1937 - May 1941

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, newsletters, official pamphlets and other printed materials regarding peace rallies and other campaigns led by the organizations.
Box/Folder 1 : 6

Materials, circa 1937 - 1941

Box/Folder 1 : 7

National Council for the Prevention of War records, October 1940 - November 1941


America First Women's Division, March 1941 - December 1941

Scope and Contents note

Covers the march on Washington, D.C. rally in May 1941 and organziational records.
Box/Folder 2 : 1

Campaigns and correspondence, March 1941 - October 1941

Box/Folder 2 : 2

Finance committee records, May 1941 - December 1941


Womens' Organizations records, 1939 - 1941

Scope and Contents note

Clippings, correspondence and printed materials from various womens' peace organizations. Materials from Women United files include printed materials, appeal letters, correspondence, telegrams, press releases, agenda, list of womens' national organizations, membership blanks, notes, clippings, and additional correspondence regarding the May 1941 march to Washington, D.C.
Minutes, Women United organizational list, form letters, correspondence; Armstrong's curriculum vitae, memorandum, letter of resignation, and a list of women of color in Yonkers (N.Y.) interested in the Westchester League of Women Voters.
Box/Folder 2 : 3

Women Investors in America and others, 1939 - 1941

Box/Folder 2 : 4

We, the Mothers, Mobilize for America and others, September 1940 - December 1941

Box/Folder 2 : 5

Westchester League of Women Voters and Women United, January 1941 - December 1941

Box/Folder 2 : 6

Women United: Washington, D.C. rally, and Save Our Sons (S.O.S.) campaign files, January 1941 - August 1941

Box/Folder 2 : 7

Women United: Correspondence and mailing lists, March 1941 - April 1941

Box/Folder 2 : 8

Women United: administrative records, March 1941 - October 1941


Subject files, 1932 - 1941

Scope and Contents note

Information such as congressional voting records, clippings, correspondence and other materials on the topics of conscription (Selective Service), Lend Lease Bill (H.R. 1776), Neutrality Acts of 1937 to 1939, non-internventionalism and anti-Semitism. Anti-Semitic and pro-Jewish materials contain related clippings, correspondence, printed materials on or about anti-Semitism with some annotations. Conscription materials include petitions, volunteer sign up sheets, mailing lists with some requests to move names and addresses off of mailing lists.
Subject files kept in orginal order.
Box/Folder 3 : 1

Anti-Semitic and pro-Jewish materials, August 1932 - October 1941

Scope and Contents note

Includes the monograph, "The Jew Who Helped Save America," by Charles Spencer Hart and a brochure from the National Conference of Christians and Jews.

Related Collection

See also:
America First Committee, Box 282, folder marked "Bad publicity about A.F.C.," Hoover Institution Archives.
Box/Folder 3 : 2

Conscription: letter samples and petitions, 1940

Box/Folder 3 : 3

Lend Lease Bill files, January 1941 - April 1941

Box/Folder 3 : 4

Lend Lease Bill: Recruitment and "Wear Our Emblem" campaign, February 1941 - April 1941

Box/Folder 3 : 5

Lend Lease Bill: Correspondence and printed materials, April 1941 - August 1941

Box/Folder 3 : 6

Lend Lease: Printed materials, circa November 1940 - February 1941

Box/Folder 3 : 7

Neutrality Act: Correspondence and printed materials, April 1940 - November 1941

Box/Folder 3 : 8

Neutrality Act: Repeal correspondence and printed matter, October 1941 - November 1941

Box/Folder 3 : 9

Non-intervention files, October 1941


Printed materials, circa 1940 - 1941

Box/Folder 4

America First Committee Bulletin, February 1941 - December 1941

Scope and Contents note

Bulletin, a mass-mailed publication by the America First Committee, runs from issues #45 to #700. The content highlights the activities of the America First Committee. The bulletins excerpt radio speeches, articles, quotations from political figures and other inter-chapter communications. Some topics include anti-war, conscription, Lend Lease Bill, and the Neutrality Act. Remarks from and about Senator Hamilton Fish and Charles Lindberg are included.
Bulletin is arranged by issue number where available and chronologically. Annotated bulletins follow the original order of the creator.
Box/Folder 4 : 1

Issues 45 to 199, February 1941 - April 1941

Box/Folder 4 : 2

200s, April 1941 - May 1941

Box/Folder 4 : 3

300s, June 1941 - July 1941

Box/Folder 4 : 4

400s, July 1941

Box/Folder 4 : 5

500s, August 1941 - October 1941

Box/Folder 4 : 6

Issues 601 to 700, October 1941- December 1941

Box/Folder 4 : 7

Annotated America First Committee Bulletin, 1941


AFC Printed materials, 1940 - 1941

Box/Folder 5 : 1

Pamphlets and ephemera, 1940 - 1941

Box/Folder 5 : 2

National headquarters and other regional chapters, 1940 - 1941

Box/Folder 5 : 3

"Washington Newsletter," February 1941 - June 1941

Box/Folder 5 : 4

"Chapter Chatter" newsletter, June 1941 - August 1941


AFC Memorabilia, 1940 - 1941

Box/Folder 5 : 5

AFC sash and ephermal materials, 1940 - 1941


Clippings, 1941

Scope and Contents note

Clippings include correspondence.
Box/Folder 5 : 6

AFC news, polls and annotated clippings, April 1941 - October 1941

Box/Folder 5 : 7

Anti-war rallies, May 1941 - November 1941

Box/Folder 5 : 8

Editorial cartoons on Lend-Lease bill, Charles Lindberg, and anti-war topics, July 1940 - October 1941

Box/Folder 5 : 9

Pamphlets and printed materials such as Affairs and The Commonwealth, circa 1940 - 1941

Boxes 5 - 10

Mailings, about 1941

Scope and Contents note

Mailing labels and compiled mailing lists organized into a variety of geographic areas and related organizations or groups of people. Files contain some indexes in form of written lists while other files are a compilation of petitions with addresses that were used for mailings. Mailing labels contain names and addresses grouped geographically while names and addresses are grouped according to organizations. Most labels are local, New York City and New York state addresses. The folder marked Scarsdale contain Peekskill and Ossining, NY addresses. The folder marked "Keep Separate" contain correspondence, clippings , petitions and lists from Massachusetts as well as addresses in New York state such as Long Island.
Boxes 8 and 9 contain labels that cover regional and national geographic areas. Labels are gummed, perforated (like postage stamps) and are typewritten with the name of the person and their address. About 33 people per page.
Box/Folder 5 : 10

New York: Anglican clergy and Catholic churches, circa 1941

Scope and Contents note

Westchester County: Clergy members, churches, and schools included.
Box/Folder 5 : 11

Marked "Keep Separate" with Long Island and petitions, 1940 - 1941

Box/Folder 5 : 12

Marked "Scarsdale," circa 1941

Boxes 6 - 7

Card files, circa January 1941

Scope and Contents note

Index cards include handwritten addresses and notes. Most are separated by geographic areas while some of the card files are grouped according to batches keeping original order of the creator throughout the boxes.
Box 6

Volume I, circa 1941

Box 7

Volume II, circa January 1941

Boxes 8 - 9

Mailing labels, circa 1941

Scope and Contents note

Typewritten address labels of various groups of people such as descendants of the Mayflower, Daughters of the Revolution, Daughters of the American Revolution, Gold Star Mothers, League of Women Voters, Womens' national Republican Club, Parent Teachers Association and other members and groups are indexed.
Box 8

Volume I, circa 1941

Scope and Contents note

Contains lists of Republican groups, Daughters of American Colonists, and Mayflower Descendents with a partial index of mailing lists.
Box 9

Volume II, circa 1941

Scope and Contents note

New York general lists and miscellaneous.
Box/Folder 10 : 1-6

Oversize files, July 1940 - December 1941

Scope and Contents note

Series includes full issues of the newspaper America First Bulletin of the America First Committee's New York Chapter, Inc. Issues include annotated copies. Topics include the Neutrality Act repeal and other campaigns. The anti-war and annotated clippings include publications from The Chicago Daily Tribune, Ossining, New York's Citizen Register, PM magazine with an editorial cartoon by Dr. Seuss along with clippings taken from the New York Post and the New York Herald.
Anti-war newspapers are included such as AFC's The Herald from the San Francisco-Northern California chapter along with The Catholic Worker, American Mothers National Weekly, The American Guardian, The People's Sentinel and The Progressive founded in 1909 by Senator Robert La Follette.
Rounding out the series are the Women United's mock up of anti-war rally posters in pencil as well as the America First Committee poster.
Box/Folder 10 : 1-2

America First Bulletin, New York Chapter, Inc., May 1941 - December 1941

Box/Folder 10 : 3

Anti-war clippings, April 1941 - December 1941

Box/Folder 10 : 4

Newspapers covering anti-war topics, July 1940 - December 1941

Box/Folder 10 : 5

Newspapers such as The Progressive on anti-war topics, February 1941 - October 1941

Box/Folder 10 : 6

Women United: mock-ups of anti-war rally posters, April 1941 - May 1941

Mapcase Folder 1

America First Committee poster, undated