Register of the Catherine A. Gumensky (Ekaterina Aleksandrovna Gumenskaia) Papers

Finding aid prepared by Prepared by Anatol Shmelev
Hoover Institution Archives
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Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
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© 2003, 2014


Title: Catherine A. Gumensky (Ekaterina Aleksandrovna Gumenskaia) papers
Date (inclusive): 1913-1985
Collection Number: 2000C84
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: In Russian and English.
Physical Description: 13 microfilm reels (2.2 linear feet), Boxes 13-17 are not included in the microfilms. Please contact the Museum for Russian Culture  for further assistance.
Abstract: Correspondence, writings, financial records, clippings, and photographs, relating mainly to Russian émigré and family affairs.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Gumensky, Catherine A., 1897-1988

Access

Collection is open for research.
Boxes 13-17 are not included on the microfilms. Please contact the Museum for Russian Culture  for further assistance.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Catherine A. Gumensky Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired.

Location of Originals

Originals in: Museum of Russian Culture, San Francisco.

Biography

George C. Guins is best known to historians as the administrative secretary (upravliaiushchii delami) of the Siberian (later All-Russian) anti-Bolshevik government at Omsk. Privy to governmental decisions in this capacity as well as in concurrent service as deputy minister for education and foreign affairs, he described the workings of the government and the anti-Bolshevik campaign in Siberia, 1918-1920, in his published memoir, Sibir', soiuzniki i Kolchak (Peking, 1921).
Less well-known is his career as a legal philosopher, journalist, and writer and lecturer on the Soviet Union. Born in Novogeorgievsk (now Modlin, Poland) on 27 April 1887, he studied law at St. Petersburg University under the direction of the eminent jurist and legal philosopher Leon Petrazycki, obtaining his degree in 1909. Entering government service in the Resettlement Office (Pereselencheskoe upravlenie) of the Ministry of Agriculture, he continued legal studies in his spare time, obtaining an advanced degree in 1915 and remaining at St. Petersburg University as a lecturer. At this time he completed a dissertation on water rights in Central Asia.
The 1917 Revolution saw his promotion in government service to the post of chief legal counselor of the Ministry of Provisions, but following the Bolshevik coup in October, he left for Omsk, where he was drawn into service in the White government formed there the following summer. At the conclusion of the Civil War, he found himself in Harbin, China, where he served on the administration of the Chinese Eastern Railway until 1926, first as director of the chancellery and later as chief controller. At the same time, he edited and wrote for Russkoe obozrenie, published in Peking, and helped found the Harbin Law Faculty, a unique émigré institution training lawyers in China. Here he lectured almost until his departure for the United States in 1941, made necessary by Japanese pressure due to his independent position in Harbin politics. During this period he accomplished his greatest scholarly achievements in legal philosophy, with such publications as Novye idei v prave i osnovnye problemy sovremennosti (Harbin, 1931-1932), Uchenie o prave i politicheskaia ekonomiia (Harbin, 1933), Ocherki sotsial'noi filosofii (Harbin, 1936), all now bibliographic rarities.
Following his arrival in the United States, he settled in the San Francisco Bay Area, editing for a brief period the émigré newspaper Russkaia zhizn', and lecturing at the University of California at Berkeley and the Army Language School in Monterey. Not finding an application for his specialization in legal philosophy, he turned to teaching Russian and Soviet civilization, history, and law, publishing numerous articles and two books on Soviet affairs: Soviet Law and Soviet Society (The Hague, 1954) and Communism on the Decline (New York, 1956). Even after retiring from active teaching, he continued to lecture and write, served as a consultant to the Voice of America until 1964, and contributed an oral history to the UC Berkeley Regional Oral History Office's Russian émigré program. He died in September 1971.

Chronology

1897 July 14 (N.S.) Born, Kazan', Russia
1914-1917 Student, Moscow University, Moscow, Russia
1921 Married Dmitrii B. Gumensky
  Arrived in the United States
1925 B.A., University of California, Berkeley, California
  M.A., University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California
1927 Naturalized as a U.S. citizen
1932 Divorced Dmitrii B. Gumensky
1945-1952 Translator, U.S. Army, European High Command
1988 Died, Apple Valley, California

Scope and Content Note

Catherine A. Gumensky was a California artist of local note. The collection contains materials relating to her work as an artist and other biographical data, as well as her children's stories. Of particular significance is the family file, which contains a large amount of correspondence (of Catherine, her mother Neonila Platonovna Aristova, and others) with family members in the Soviet Union and other countries from the 1920s through the 1980s, as well as writings of other family members.
Detailed processing and preservation microfilming for these materials were made possible by a generous grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities and by matching funds from the Hoover Institution and the Museum of Russian Culture. The grant also provides depositing a microfilm copy in the Hoover Institution Archives. The original materials remain in the Museum of Russian Culture, San Francisco, as its property. A transfer table indicating corresponding box and reel numbers is available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
The Hoover Institution assumes all responsibility for notifying users that they must comply with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17 United States Code) and Hoover Rules for the Use and Reproduction of Archival Materials.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Russia.
Russians--United States.
United States.

box 1

Biographical File, 1914-1983

Scope and Contents note

Includes affidavits, clippings, employment, identity and real estate records, with related correspondence, notes, scrapbook and miscellany, arranged alphabetically by physical form
box 2-9

Family File, 1913-1983

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, writings and associated matter, arranged alphabetically by name of relative and therein by physical form
box 9-10

Correspondence, 1917-1985

Scope and Contents note

Extrafamilial correspondence, arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent
box 10-11

Writings, 1934-1977

Scope and Contents note

Background materials, correspondence and writings, arranged chronologically by title
box 12

Subject File, 1924-1981

Scope and Contents note

Clippings, correspondence, notes, writings and other matter, arranged alphabetically by subject
box 13-16

Photographs, 1910s-1980s

Scope and Contents note

Several hundred items, including photographs of Catherine and Dmitrii Gumensky, other family members (including most of those appearing in the FAMILY FILE), Ella Young, and miscellaneous people and places
box 17

Financial Documents, 1948-1984

Scope and Contents note

Income tax records, cancelled checks, property tax receipts, bank records, etc. Not filmed
box 17

Recipes, undated

Scope and Contents note

Clippings and notes, primarily by N. P. Aristova. Not filmed
Box 1

BIOGRAPHICAL FILE, 1914-1983

General note

For Gumensky's activities in the U.S. Army European High Command, 1945-1952, see SPEECHES AND WRITINGS/Untitled account of activities in Europe from 1945 to 1952, n.d.
Box/Folder 1 : 1

Addresses

Box/Folder 1 : 2

Affidavits of support, signed by Catherine Gumensky, to invite relatives to the U.S.

Box/Folder 1 : 3

Clippings

Box/Folder 1 : 4

Curriculum vitae

Box/Folder 1 : 5

Employment records

Box/Folder 1 : 6

Genealogical notes

Box/Folder 1 : 7

Identity papers.

Scope and Contents note

Includes driver's license, membership cards, passes, passports, social security card, immigration papers, vaccination records, and similar matter
Box/Folder 1 : 8

Programs

Box/Folder 1 : 9

Real estate records

Box/Folder 1 : 10

School records

Box/Folder 1 : 11

Scrapbook

Box/Folder 1 : 12-13

Miscellany.

Scope and Contents note

Includes notebooks with student lecture notes, jottings, sketches, impressions of life, etc., 1914-?
Box 2

FAMILY FILE, 1913-1983

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence and writings of and between family members (unless otherwise indicated, entries consist exclusively of correspondence). Correspondence with Catherine may include letters addressed to Catherine and Neonila or Dimitrii. Many letters also contain postscripts by other family members, and are generally classified under the name of the first correspondent, unless the postscript is significantly longer than the original letter
Box/Folder 2 : 1

Aleksandrova, Ekaterina Vladimirovna (niece), 1969-1983 and undated

Box/Folder 2 : 2

Aleksandrova, Irina Aleksandrovna (sister), 1917-1945

Scope and Contents note

Includes letters from Vladimir Aleksandrov
Box/Folder 2 : 3

Aleksandrova, Nataliia Vladimirovna (niece), 1978-1982

Box/Folder 2 : 4

Aristova, Nadezhda (?), 1917-1923

 

Aristova, Neonila Platonovna (mother)

Box/Folder 2 : 5

Calendar, 1944 and undated

 

Correspondence

Box/Folder 2 : 6-8

Unidentified, 1913-1943

Box/Folder 3 : 1-4

Unidentified

 

Aleksandrova, Irina Aleksandrovna (daughter)

Box/Folder 3 : 5

1928-1930

Box/Folder 3 : 6

1931-1934

Box/Folder 3 : 7

1935-1945

Box/Folder 4 : 1

Bubnova, Mariia, 1936-1940

Scope and Contents note

Includes postscripts by nun Leonida, qqv., and forwarded letters from Ol'ga Platonovna Veiss (sister), qqv.
Box/Folder 4 : 2

Butlerov, A., n.d.

Box/Folder 4 : 3

Buturlin, Sofiia, 1934-1939

Box/Folder 4 : 4

Demidov, Igor Igorevich, 1939-1945

Box/Folder 4 : 5

Demidov, Igor Platonovich, 1929-1945

Box/Folder 4 : 6

Demidova (Demidoff), Ekaterina, 1930-1931 and undated

Box/Folder 4 : 7

Gotlund, A. and Z., 1932-1941 and undated

Box/Folder 4 : 8

Gumenskaia, Taisiia Petrovna, 1936-1945

 

Gumensky, Catherine (daughter)

Box/Folder 4 : 9

1916-1923 and undated

Box/Folder 4 : 10

1924-1927

Box/Folder 4 : 11

1928-1933

Box/Folder 5 : 1

1941-1945

Box/Folder 5 : 2

Iakunchikova (Yakounchikoff), Varvara N., 1933-1934

Box/Folder 5 : 3

Ivashnenko, A., 1932

Box/Folder 5 : 4

Kazakov (Kasakoff), A. and T., 1929-1937 and undated

Box/Folder 5 : 5

Kovan'ko, Nataliia (granddaughter), 1929-1936

 

Kovan'ko, Ol'ga Aleksandrovna (daughter)

 

Correspondence.

Scope and Contents note

Includes postscripts by Nataliia Kovan'ko
Box/Folder 5 : 6

1927-1930

Box/Folder 5 : 7

1931-1933

Box/Folder 6 : 1

1934-1937

Box/Folder 6 : 2

1938-1945

Box/Folder 6 : 3

Sketches, "Viazovye, " 1927

Box/Folder 6 : 4

Leonida, nun, 1929-1934

General note

See also Bubnova, Mariia, qqv.
Box/Folder 6 : 5

Liapunova, Anastasiia Sergeevna, 1924-1936

Box/Folder 6 : 6

Lordkipanidze-Cheptsova, Ol'ga, 1941

Box/Folder 6 : 7

Martynova, A., 1929

Box/Folder 6 : 8

Mikhnevich, Ekaterina, 1932-1934 and undated

Box/Folder 6 : 9

Minchenko, Antonina Petrovna, 1934

Box/Folder 6 : 10

Panina, Sofiia Vladimirovna, 1940-1946

Scope and Contents note

Includes letters addressed to Catherine Gumensky following Neonila's death in 1945
Box/Folder 6 : 11

Razumov, Pavel, Rev., 1930-1931

Box/Folder 6 : 12

Ruhl, Zinaida, 1933

Box/Folder 6 : 13

Smieszek (Smeshek), Anton Gustavovich, 1929

Box/Folder 6 : 14

Stafford, E., 1934

Box/Folder 6 : 15

Sunitsa (Sounitza), E., 1932-1934

Box/Folder 6 : 16

Tsetlin, Mikhail Osipovich, 1945

Box/Folder 6 : 17

Vakar, Nikolai Platonovich, 1941-1945

Box/Folder 6 : 18

Veiss, Evgenii, 1929-1943

Box/Folder 6 : 19

Veiss, Ol'ga Platonovna, 1929-1936

Box/Folder 6 : 20

Wiebe, Mr., undated

Box/Folder 6 : 21

Zhuravskaia, S., 1929-1937

Box/Folder 7 : 1

Log of family events from 1871 to 1917 (incomplete), n.d.

Box/Folder 7 : 2

Obituary

Box/Folder 7 : 3

Passport

 

Writings

Box/Folder 7 : 4

General.

Scope and Contents note

Notes, some of an autobiographical nature
Box/Folder 7 : 5

"The Home of My Youth," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 6

"Iz perezhitago," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 7 : 7

"Poiezdka k zautrenie," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 7 : 8

"Povar-muzykant," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 9

"The Trip to Glendale," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 10

Untitled biographical sketch of Ivan and Sergei Aksakov, n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 11

"Volchata," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 12

"Kanun Verbnago Voskreseniia," Novaia zaria, 1939 March 31

Scope and Contents note

Holograph and printed copy
Box/Folder 7 : 13

Miscellany

Box/Folder 7 : 14

Chatelain, Mariia (aunt), undated

Box/Folder 7 : 15

Demidov (Demidoff), Georgii (cousin), 1946-1963

Box/Folder 7 : 16

Demidov, I. (cousin?), 1946-1963

 

Demidov, Igor' Platonovich (uncle)

 

Correspondence

Box/Folder 7 : 17

General, 1931

Box/Folder 7 : 18

Aleksandr, Archbishop, 1934

Box/Folder 7 : 19

Demidov, P. A., 1930

Box/Folder 7 : 20

Gumensky, Catherine, 1945

Box/Folder 7 : 21

Leshetitskii (Leschetizky), T. F., 1931 and undated

Box/Folder 7 : 22

Sapon'ko, Angel Osipovich, 1931

 

Writings

Box/Folder 7 : 23

General.

Scope and Contents note

Notes and fragments of short stories
Box/Folder 7 : 24

"Diktator," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph and typescript
Box/Folder 7 : 25

"Mary," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 26

"Moia mechta," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 27

"Persten' i siurtuk Pushkina," Posliedniia novosti, n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 7 : 28

"Piatnitsa 13-go iiunia," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 29

"Pietush'i besiedy," Posliedniia novosti, n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 7 : 30

"Pomieshchichii monastyr'," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 31

"Posliednii iz mogikan," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 32

"Prostaia familiia," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 7 : 33

"Salomeia," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 34

"Sandro Altaev," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 35

"Uzhin v sadu Trokadero," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 36

"Velikaia voina i russkaia revoliutsiia," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 37

"Zemel'nyia vospominaniia," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 38

"Velikaia Noch'," . 1927 December 4

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
Box/Folder 7 : 39

"Odno iz russkikh chudes," Posliedniia novosti, 1931 January 17

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 7 : 40

"Pervyi kadetskii korpus," . [1931 August]

Scope and Contents note

Typescript. Includes several lectures, as well as correspondence
Box/Folder 7 : 41

Demidova (Demidoff), Sima and Didi (cousin and niece?), 1946-1947 and undated

Box/Folder 7 : 42

Gumenskaia, Taisiia Petrovna (mother-in-law), 1922-1947

Scope and Contents note

Includes forwarded letter from Irina Aleksandrova to T. P. Gumenskaia, 1947
 

Gumensky, Dmitrii Veniaminovich (husband)

 

Correspondence

Box/Folder 7 : 43

Unidentified

Box/Folder 7 : 44

Aleksandrova, Irina Aleksandrovna, 1922-1924

Box/Folder 7 : 45

Cherniavskii, Nikolai Filippovich, 1924

 

Gumensky, Catherine

Box/Folder 7 : 46

Incoming, 1921

 

Outgoing

Box/Folder 7 : 47

undated

Box/Folder 8 : 1

1920-1921

Box/Folder 8 : 2

1922

 

1923

Box/Folder 8 : 3

January-March

Box/Folder 8 : 4

April-May

Box/Folder 8 : 5

1924-1925

Box/Folder 9 : 1

1926-1929

Box/Folder 9 : 2

1932-1942

Box/Folder 9 : 3

Kirillova, O., 1924

Box/Folder 9 : 4

Liubimov, Iurii, 1923

Box/Folder 9 : 5

Ostroumov, Sergei Sergeevich, 1924

Box/Folder 9 : 6

Identity papers

Box/Folder 9 : 7

Kovan'ko, Ol'ga Aleksandrovna (sister), 1913-1932

Box/Folder 9 : 8

Liapunov, S. (distant relative), 1923

Box/Folder 9 : 9

Zhuravskaia, S., 1922-1973 and undated

Box/Folder 9 : 10

Zhuravskii, Lev S. (nephew) and Aleksandr L. (grandnephew), 1973-1981

 

CORRESPONDENCE, 1917-1985

General note

For intra-family correspondence and extrafamilial correspondence of other family members, see FAMILY FILE. For correspondence with Russian war invalids whom she was helping, see SUBJECT FILE/World War, 1914-1918--Veterans--Russia

Scope and Contents note

This file contains only correspondence of non-family members with Catherine (including letters addressed both to her and Dmitrii Gumensky or Neonila Aristova).
Box/Folder 9 : 11

General, 1924-1985

Box/Folder 10 : 1

Unidentified, 1917-1949

Box/Folder 10 : 2

Avinova, Mariia (Avinoff, Marie), n.d.

Box/Folder 10 : 3

Bil'kevich, A., 1925

Box/Folder 10 : 4

Dmitrievskii, S., 1932

Box/Folder 10 : 5

Dorofeeva, N., 1927

Box/Folder 10 : 6

Fal'kovskii (Falkovsky), N., 1947

Box/Folder 10 : 7

Fedorovskaia, Ol'ga, 1921-1923

Box/Folder 10 : 8

Gregory, S. M., 1928

Box/Folder 10 : 9

Il'in family, [1941]-1984

Box/Folder 10 : 10

Ivanov, A., 1946

Box/Folder 10 : 11

Kitaeva, Anna, 1924

Box/Folder 10 : 12

Langstroth, Ivan, 1946-1949

Box/Folder 10 : 13

Lebedev, E. and K., 1949 and undated

Box/Folder 10 : 14

Lyndall, Dorothy, 1946-1965 and undated

Box/Folder 10 : 15

Mashe, L., 1974-1978

Box/Folder 10 : 16

Petrovskii, Mr., n.d.

Box/Folder 10 : 17

Poletika (Poletica), E. and O., 1923

Scope and Contents note

Includes clippings and photographs
Box/Folder 10 : 18

Schmidt, Albert, 1955 and undated

Box/Folder 10 : 19

Shcherbatova (Scherbatoff), S., 1953

Box/Folder 10 : 20

Skorodinskii, N., 1949-1952

Box/Folder 10 : 21

Teplova (Teploff), A., 1947

Box/Folder 10 : 22

Vidovskii, Arkadii Arkad'evich, n.d.

Box/Folder 10 : 23

Volkov, Georgii, 1940

Box/Folder 10 : 24

von Taube, Baroness, 1921

Box/Folder 10 : 25

Zhadan, Ol'ga, 1949 and undated

 

SPEECHES AND WRITINGS, 1934-1977

 

General

Box/Folder 10 : 26

Correspondence with publishers and editors regarding submissions of children's stories, 1934-1940

Box/Folder 10 : 27

Notes, fragments of short stories, and poetry.

Scope and Contents note

May include notes by Neonila Aristova and others
 

"Ahmba," n.d.

Box/Folder 10 : 28

Notes and fragments

Box/Folder 11 : 1

Notes and fragments

Box/Folder 11 : 2

Typescript

Box/Folder 11 : 3

"Fragments from the Note-Book of a Petrograd Student," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Typescript translation into English of work by an unknown author
Box/Folder 11 : 4

"Sea Drift," n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 11 : 5

Untitled work on the study of the Russian language, n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 11 : 6

"Boots and the Kitten," . [1939]

Scope and Contents note

Typescript. Includes correspondence
 

Untitled account of activities in Europe from 1945 to 1952, [1952]

Box/Folder 11 : 7

Background materials.

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence, 1946, and documents relating to Catherine Gumensky's work in the U.S. Army European Command
Box/Folder 11 : 8-9

Daily notes, (fragmentary) 1945-1952

Box/Folder 11 : 10

Holograph and typescript

Box/Folder 11 : 11

"Russia Today," Apple Valley News, 1977 September 27

Scope and Contents note

Daily notes of trip to U.S.S.R., typescript, and printed copy
Box 12

SUBJECT FILE, 1924-1981

Scope and Contents note

Clippings, correspondence, notes, writings and other matter
Box/Folder 12 : 1

Buturlin, Sergei

Box/Folder 12 : 2

Dudorov, Boris Petrovich

 

Russians

Box/Folder 12 : 3

France

Box/Folder 12 : 4

United States

Box/Folder 12 : 5

Russkaia Pravoslavnaia Tserkov'

Box/Folder 12 : 6

Suniza-Maché, Leo

Box/Folder 12 : 7

Tolstoy Foundation.

Scope and Contents note

Includes clippings, correspondence, and fundraising materials, 1940-1941
Box/Folder 12 : 8

World War, --Veterans--Russia. 1914-1918

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence regarding aid to disabled veterans in Bulgaria
 

Young, Ella.

General note

See also PHOTOGRAPHS
Box/Folder 12 : 9

Biographical file

Box/Folder 12 : 10

Letters to Feodor Gumensky (code name for Catherine?), 1927-1956

Box/Folder 12 : 11

Poetry

Box/Folder 12 : 12-13

Miscellany

Box 13-16

PHOTOGRAPHS, 1910S-1980s

Scope and Contents note

Several hundred items, including photographs of Catherine and Dmitrii Gumensky, other family members (including most of those appearing in the FAMILY FILE), Ella Young, and miscellaneous people and places
Box/Folder 17 : 1-2

FINANCIAL DOCUMENTS, 1948-1984

Scope and Contents note

Income tax records, cancelled checks, property tax receipts, bank records, etc. Not filmed
Box/Folder 17 : 3

RECIPES, undated

Scope and Contents note

Clippings and notes, primarily by N. P. Aristova. May include delicious desserts. Not filmed