Scope and Content
Title: Lord Alfred Douglas Collection,
Identifier/Call Number: MS.Douglas
William Andrews Clark Memorial Library
Language of Material:
1.5 Linear feet
Date (inclusive): 1890-1951
Correspondence, manuscript items (such as poems), photographs, and other miscellaneous documents related to Lord Alfred Douglas
taken from the larger Oscar Wilde collection.
Douglas, Alfred Bruce, Lord, 1870-1945
Collection is open for research.
Copyright has not been assigned to the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, UCLA. All requests for permission to publish
or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Clark Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf
of the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, UCLA as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply
permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.
[Identification of item], Lord Alfred Douglas Collection, MS Douglas, [or Oscar Wilde and his Literary Circle Collection,
MS. Wilde, as appropriate], William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California, Los Angeles.
William Andrews Clark, Jr. acquired the nucleus of the Clark Library's Oscar Wilde collection from Dulau and Company, London,
in 1929. Most of the Dulau material had been in the possession of Robert B. Ross (Oscar Wilde's literary executor), Christopher
S. Millard (a.k.a. Stuart Mason, the Wilde bibliographer), and Vyvyan B. Holland (Wilde's only surviving son). Since 1929,
the Clark Library has steadily purchased important new material and in the year 2000, the collection was estimated to contain
over 65,000 items.
This finding aid was compiled by extracting pieces from the larger Oscar Wilde collection finding aids and by adding uncataloged
material by Jamie Henricks in May, 2010.
Lord Alfred Bruce Douglas was born October 22, 1870 near Worcester, England; his father was the ninth marquess of Queensberry.
His mother nicknamed him Bosie at a young age, and Douglas is often referred to by this name. He attended private schools,
Winchester College, and eventually ended at Magdalen College in Oxford. He did not receive a degree from Magdalen, but wrote
for various college publications.
Douglas was introduced to Oscar Wilde in 1891, and they became involved in a long relationship. In 1895, Douglas encouraged
Wilde to sue the marquess of Queensberry for libel. However, Wilde was instead prosecuted and forced to spend two years in
jail. Douglas attempted to petition the Queen of England to have Wilde released, but was unsuccessful. After Wilde's sentence
was completed, he and Douglas traveled together for while. He often supported Wilde financially, as well.
Douglas later eloped with Olive Eleanor Custance and was married to her for 10 years before they separated. He had a son,
Raymond, born 1902. Both Olive and Douglas were talented poets and writers. Douglas was involved with a fair number of other
lawsuits, included libel against his father-in-law and Robert Ross, and even a lawsuit with Winston Churchill. The latter
of the suits landed Douglas in jail for six months. Approximately 20 years later, Douglas died in Lancing on March 20, 1945
and was buried in Sussex.
Scope and Content
This collection was artificially created by bringing together items related to Lord Alfred Douglas from within the Clark Library's
Oscar Wilde Collection. It includes letters, photographs of Douglas and his friends, poems and other manuscripts, and other
The collection is organized into the following series:
- Series 1. Correspondence from Douglas to Acquaintences, 1890-1944
- Series 2. Correspondence to Douglas from Acquaintences, 1892-1938
- Series 3. Manuscripts, 1895-1933
- Series 4. Portraits and Photographs, 1892-1897
- Series 5. Miscellaneous, 1898-1951
The Clark Library holds collections relating to or created by contemporaries of Lord Alfred Douglas, including Oscar Wilde
and their circle of friends. The information in this finding aid was taken from other finding aids held by the Clark Library:
Subjects and Indexing Terms