Scope and Content of Collection
Title: University of California, Santa Barbara, Educational Opportunity Program (EOP) records
Collection number: UArch 20
University of California, Santa Barbara. Educational Opportunity Program
5 linear feet
(12 document boxes and 1 oversize box)
University of California, Santa Barbara. Library.
Dept. of Special Collections
Abstract: The Educational Opportunity Program records are comprised of correspondence, reports, clippings, administrative and subject
files, and other materials relating to the program. Includes materials on student affirmative action and the 1989 hunger strike.
Physical location: Del Sur, University Archives, 24B (Series I-VI); 30B (box 13); Annex 2 (Series VII).
Copyright has not been assigned to the Department of Special Collections, UCSB. All requests for permission to publish or
quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Special Collections. Permission for publication is given
on behalf of the Department of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply
permission of the copyright holder, which also must be obtained.
[Item description, folder title, box number]. UCSB Educational Opportunity Program (EOP) records. UArch 20. Department of
Special Collections, Davidson Library, University of California, Santa Barbara.
Transfer from Y. Garcia/EOP, Aug. 2006
"The political volatility of the 1960's, created the context for the Educational Opportunity Program (EOP) at UC Santa Barbara.
Educational equity and social justice were themes that emerged from the Civil Rights Movement and civil unrest beginning with
the Watts riots in 1964 and other movements that spread throughout the country, including major protests against the Vietnam
War. In 1965, the EOP student numbers made up less than 2% of the 8,400 enrolled students (D. Leon). EOP at UCSB was created
in 1966 and just completed its 38th year of service.
"EOP has continued to improve and succeed from its 3 students to its current 4,310 undergraduate students or 25% or the total
UCSB population. The minority student population at UCSB in the late 1960's was less than 2%, and staff and faculty was less
than that. The University was driven to place "inclusion" as a major goal and EOP was the first response to that goal. EOP
was charged with the responsibility of recruiting, admitting and providing a variety of student support services to undergraduates
which would lead from admission to graduation.
"During 1968 through the 1970s, the campus was involved in many student demonstrations regarding minority issues, as well
as the Vietnam War. The minority students accused the University of not making a commitment to improve the campus for minorities
and "self-determination" became the rallying charge to bring about institutional changes.
"As a result of student, faculty and staff involvement during this period, Black and Chicano Studies proposals were created
and implemented and called for the formation of two Operational Research Units (ORU), Black and Chicano academic departments,
and a public service component. EOP was viewed as the entity (with the student organizations) that assisted with the public
service charge. With the continued pressure from the communities, EOP gained viability and validity and became a much stronger
program with more institutional support.
"In 1970, EOP was divided into two components, one Black and one Chicano. Chicano EOP was relocated to Bldg. 406 where the
Chicano research center and academic departments were located. The Black EOP Component remained at Bldg. 477, until its relocation
to its present location in Bldg. 434. In 1975, the American Indian, Asian American and Other EOP Components were created to
service these particular populations.
"In 1975, EOP supported the English Department in its efforts to offer a summer bridge program entitled the English Innovative
Program to assist entering minority students with their preparation of the Subject A writing exam. In 1977, EOP received state
funding and developed the Summer Transition Program. EOP also became the administrative home for the Upward Bound and University
Partnership Programs (an aspect of the Early Academic Outreach Program). About this same time, EOP participated as a co-host
and support unit for the Summer Session's High School Summer Juniors Program (recently known as Early Start and now Pre-College
Programs). During this time period, EOP also hosted its own orientation programs for entering EOP students. EOP also offered
internship opportunities to its students through it Special Projects (now Undergraduate Research & Creative Activities) effort.
This program has since moved to the guidance of the College of Letters & Science.
"EOP hosted its first Parent Conference in 1988, and was part of a larger campuswide visitation program known as Super Saturday.
The Parent Conference has been an annual and premier event showcasing the campus for EOP admits (and their parents) who may
or may not have already committed to attend UCSB.
"EOP continues to host its summer bridge program, and it too, underwent its evolution - two separate Social Science (Summer
Transition & Program) and Science Programs (Academic Enhancement Program [Engineering]) and later became a single program
known as the "Summer Transitional Enrichment Program (EOP/STEP)." EOP student Engineering majors were eventually separated
out to participate in a engineering-focused program called the Summer To Engineering Program (also STEP) under the auspices
of the Minority Engineering Program (MEP) of the College of Engineering. This program then became the Engineering Summer Program
(ESP) and ran simultaneously with EOP/STEP. Until 1991, EOP STEP was a 3-week program. STEP has been offered 2-week program
but piggy-backed by a third week program entitled the Summer Institute for Math & Science (SIMS) for students interested in
pursuing a math or science major. Ultimately, both SIMS and MEP/ESP were discontinued in 2003 as a result of cuts to the state
budget. To make up for this loss, STEP 2004 has included a curriculum in engineering, math and science.
"In 1995, the Program of Determined Students (PODS) was developed to assist students in their transition to UCSB by helping
students establish learning communities. This program continued until June 2003. Proposition 209 came about in 1997, and race
and gender could no longer be considered as a preference within the state of California, changing the face of EOP as a component
structure. However, EOP had already made internal programmatic changes prior to 1997. Presently, EOP consists of only one
unit, not 4 or 5 distinct ethnic-based EOP components.
"In 2000, two programs, the First Year Experience (FYE) and the Continuing Student Services (CSS), were developed to focus
on particular class level needs. The Instructor, Tutor, Mentor Alliance Program (IMAP) was developed to assist students in
connecting with Academic Communities for Excellence (ACE) writing faculty and eventually evolved to include the Math Achievement
Program (MAP) faculty. These programs were each discontinued in 2002 due to budget cuts.
"With what began as a program with both regular and special admit students, EOP is now a program accepting primarily regular
admits, with the make-up continuing to be of first generation, low-income students. However, any campus student that wishes
to use EOP services is welcome.
"EOP staff will be moving in the near future to a new and planned facility known as the Student Resource Building (SRB), near
the Pardall corridor, close to Snidecor and the Events Center. This state of the art building will also house other Student
Affairs departments which include Campus Learning Assistance Services (CLAS), Office of International Students & Scholars
(OISS), Office of Student Life (OSL), Women's Center, Early Academic Outreach (EAO), Education Program for Cultural Awareness,
Children's Center Satellite, Office of Greek Affairs, resource centers and a Graduate Outreach & Admissions Office."
Scope and Content of Collection
This is the collection of the Educational Opportunity Program (EOP), formerly known as EOP/SAA (Student Affirmative Action).
The collection is primarily comprised of materials from Pete Villarreal and Yolanda Garcia.
The collection contains the following series:
Series I: Correspondence, primarily correspondence to and from Villarreal from 1994-1996, organized chronologically. Also includes a large number of
letters from El Congreso for which Villarreal was carbon copied.
Series II: Administrative Files, contains general structural information, mission statements, brochures, fliers, and budgets.
Series III: Meetings and Conferences Files, contains chronologically organized meeting notes, including notes from groups in which EOP participated or for meetings which
EOP representatives attended.
Series IV: Subject Files, alphabetically arranged subject specific files as distinguished by EOP employees.
Series V: Reports, divided into reports directly related to EOP or SAA, UC based/originated, and externally generated categories. Most reports
are related to student affirmative action. Filed chronologically. Highlights include reports leading up to and about the
1989 hunger strike, about affirmative action reform in the mid-1990s, and reviews of the UCSB student body.
Series VI: Newspapers and Clippings, primarily clippings related to EOP specifically or affirmative action generally.
Series VII: Audio/Visual Materials, open reel and VHS; housed off-site.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in
the library's online public access catalog.
University of California, Santa Barbara. Educational Opportunity Program
Affirmative action programs--California
Resources in Special Collections:
- Chicano Studies Department collection, UArch 15
- (Employee) Affirmative Action Files, University Archives
- Center for Chicano Studies collection, UArch 25
- Ethnic Studies Protests, CEMA 93
- MEChA (El Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlan) Collection, CEMA 36
- Files on EOP in the Office of Public Information subject files, UArch 12, and the Associated Students subject files, UArch
- EOP folder in Broadsides collection, UArch 32
Serials originally found in the EOP files have been separated to the University Archives Serials section:
EOP News, 1976-1983
Entre Amigos, 1994-1995
Pacific Currents, 1995