Finding aid of the James Barr Papers

Loni Shibuyama
ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives
909 West Adams Boulevard
Los Angeles, California 90007
Phone: (213) 741-0094
Fax: (213) 741-0220
Email: askone@onearchives.org
URL: http://www.onearchives.org
© 2008
ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives. All rights reserved.

Finding aid of the James Barr Papers

Collection number: Coll2008-043

ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives

Los Angeles, California
Processed by:
Loni Shibuyama
Date Completed:
June 24, 2008
Encoded by:
Loni Shibuyama
© 2008 ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives. All rights reserved.
Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.


Descriptive Summary

Title: James Barr papers
Dates: 1951-1991
Collection number: Coll2008-043
Creator: Barr, James (pseudonym for James W. Fugaté)
Creator: Fugaté, James W., 1922-1995
Collection Size: 1 archive carton. 0.4 linear foot.
Repository: ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives.
Los Angeles, California 90007
Abstract: Manuscripts, correspondence, clippings and photographs relating to gay author James W. Fugaté (1922-1995), who under the pseudonym James Barr, wrote the groundbreaking novel, Quatrefoil (1950), as well as other gay-themed works, including a volume of short stories, Derricks (1951), and a play, Game of Fools (1955). The collection also includes manuscripts of short stories and of articles he contributed to homophile periodicals such as ONE Magazine, Der Kreis and the Mattachine Review; correspondence with his publishers and homophile organizations such as ONE, Inc.; and photographs of Fugaté dating back to 1952.
Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English

Access

The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.

Publication Rights

Researchers wishing to publish materials must obtain permission in writing from ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives as the physical owner. Researchers must also obtain clearance from the holder(s) of any copyrights in the materials. Note that ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives can grant copyright clearance only for those materials for which we hold the copyright. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain copyright clearance for all other materials directly from the copyright holder(s).

Preferred Citation

James Barr papers, Coll2008-043, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.

Acquisition Information

Donor and date of acquisition unknown.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Loni Shibuyama, June 24, 2008.
Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Biography

James W. Fugaté was born in Missouri on February 13, 1922. Fugaté was still a child when his mother died and, having never met his father, was relocated several times before a foster couple decided to raise him. After serving in the U.S. Navy during World War II, Fugaté studied professional writing at a university, but soon dropped out and moved to New York City where he earned a living writing advertising copy for television.
His experience in the Navy was the inspiration for his book, the groundbreaking novel, Quatrefoil, first published in 1950. Written under the pseudonym, James Barr, Quatrefoil is hailed as one of the first novels to present a frank and positive depiction of same-sex love. Following the success of Quatrefoil, he published a volume of short stories, Derricks (1951), and the play, Game of Fools (1955).
During the Korean War, Fugaté reenlisted in the U.S. Navy, but he was discharged when a background check by Naval Intelligence revealed him to be the author of Quatrefoil. Following the incident, he moved to Los Angeles where he became aware of ONE, Inc., the Mattachine Society and the early gay rights movement. As an early activist, he contributed a number of articles to homophile periodicals--such as ONE Magazine, Der Kreis ( The Circle) and Mattachine Review--throughout the 1950s. By the mid-1960s, however, he lost touch with the gay rights movement and returned to the Midwest, where he earned a living in a variety of jobs, including laborer in oil fields and reporter for the Kansas City Star. He eventually settled in Tulsa, Oklahoma, where he died on March 28, 1995.
Source: James Barr Papers, Coll2008-043, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California

Scope and Content of Collection

This collection comprises manuscripts, correspondence, clippings and photographs. The manuscripts include short stories and articles Fugaté wrote for early homophile periodicals, such as ONE Magazine and Der Kreis ( The Circle.) The correspondence documents his participation in the 1950s homophile movement as well as his work with publishers of his books. The photographs include photos of him in the 1950s and publicity photos taken for the re-issue of his novel, Quatrefoil, in 1991. The materials prior to 1980 appear to have been pulled from the files of ONE, Inc.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Barr, James
Fugaté, James W., 1922-1995
Gay authors--United States--20th century
Gays' writings, American
Homosexuality and literature


Collection Contents

Box 1 : 1 - 11

Manuscripts and Publications 1954 - 1990

Box 1 : 1

Autobiographical Manuscript "James Barr - Warts and All" 1990

Box 1 : 2

"Camping in the Bush" 1954

Box 1 : 3 - 4

Game of Fools circa 1954

Box 1 : 3

Manuscript Pages circa 1954

Box 1 : 4

"First Reactions to Game of Fools" circa 1954

Box 1 : 5

"Hold That Curtain! Juliet's Still Shaving, or Maunderings with Jaybarr" Undated

Box 1 : 6

"Homosexuality and Liberal Mind" Undated

Box 1 : 7

The Mamma Doll 1955

Box 1 : 8

"A Mosaic of Ideas and Ideals" 1955

Box 1 : 9

"Nickels and Dimes" Undated

Box 1 : 10

"Noblesse Oblige" Undated

Box 1 : 11

Quatrefoil Publicity Material 1982

Box 1 : 12 - 14

Correspondence 1953 - 1991

Box 1 : 12

November 1953 - October 1954

Box 1 : 13

October 1954 - December 1962

Box 1 : 14

1989 - 1991

Box 1 : 15

Clippings 1951 - 1966

Box 1 : 16

Miscellaneous circa 1989 - 1991

Box 1 : 17 - 19

Photographs 1952 - 1990

Box 1 : 17

James Barr Fugaté and Others 1952 - 1956

Physical Description: 14 photographs : b&w.
Box 1 : 18

James Barr Fugaté Publicity Photos and Contact Sheets 1990

Physical Description: 4 photographs : b&w + 4 contact sheets.
Box 1 : 19

Landscapes Undated

Physical Description: 12 photographs : col.