Overview of the Collection
Arrangement of Materials:
Scope and Contents
Overview of the Collection
Collection Title: United States Civil War Collection
Bulk Dates: 1861-1864
Physical Description: 3.75 linear ft
Language of Materials:
Special Collections & University Archives
5500 Campanile Dr. MC 8050
San Diego, CA, 92182-8050
This collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.
Genre/Form of Material:
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Causes
Slave trade -- Southern States -- History -- Sources
Slave trade -- United States -- History -- Sources
Slavery -- Southern States -- Sources
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Sources
The contents of this collection derive frmo several sources, including the San Diego Historical Society; Wilfred A. Dellquest,
Major Edward D. Clarkson, the Putnam Sisters of San Diego, Chuck Valverde, Professor Hunton D. Sellman, and Professor William
Conditions Governing Use:
Some of these materials are in the public domain. However, the nature of historical archival and manuscript collections means
that copyright status may be difficult or even impossible to determine. Copyright resides with the creators of materials contained
in the collection or their heirs. Requests for permission to publish must be submitted to the Head of Special Collections,
San Diego State University, Library and Information Access. Permissions is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner
of the physical item and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder(s), which must also be obtained
in order to publish. Materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. The
user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright
and publication rights of reproduced materials.
Conditions Governing Access:
This collection is open for research.
Identification of item, folder title, box number, United States Civil War Collection, Special Collections and University Archives,
Library and Information Access, San Diego State University.
Arrangement of Materials:
The collection is arranged in the following ten series:
2. Printed Correspondence
3. Speeches and Sermons
4. Speeches -- House of Representatives
5. Speeches -- United States Senate
6. General publications
7. Legal Materials
9. Plates and Portraits
Some materials within the collection have been topically identified to help researchers find certain perspectives or subjects.
These terms include the following:
Scope and Contents
United States Civil War Collection contains manuscript and printed materials dating from the Civil War era, as well as later items about the war. These materials
include correspondence, speeches, pamphlets, and newspapers. The bulk of the material dates from 1861 to 1865, and both Northern
and Southern perspectives are represented. Highlights of the collection include an 1823 bill of sale for a slave and an 1864
diary. Also included is information pertaining to several persons of interest such as Henry Clay, Victor Hugo, Benson Lossing,
James Monroe, and Henry Jackson Van Dyke. The collection is divided into ten series:
Speeches and Sermons,
Speeches from the House of Representatives,
Speeches from the US Senate, General Publications,
Plates and Portraits, and
Ephemera. Each series is arranged alphabetically.
Manuscripts series is comprised of several documents dating from 1823 to 1865. Included are personal letters regarding daily life, military
experience and business, as well as Southern diaries containing Confederate poetry. Items of interest include an 1823 bill
of sale of a slave, draft deferment documentation, as well as a letter from Abraham Lincoln to General Joe Hooker.
Printed Correspondence Series is composed mostly of letters from both Northern and Southern perspectives. Much of the documentation includes editorials
and articles arguing for or against the institution of slavery, and several prominent authors from the era are featured. Included
in this series is an essay by Victor Hugo titled "Letters on American Slavery" in which he fervently denounces the practice.
Also included are essays about post-war Reconstruction, as well as reports relating to US Foreign policy from 1861 to 1865.
Speeches and Sermons series dates from 1811 to 1868 and documents several verbal accounts of slavery from the North and South. Other topics covered
include US foreign relations, Reconstruction, and the Fugitive Slave Law. Of particular interest are documents contrasting
the doctrines of the Democratic and Abolitionist Parties.
Speeches from the House of Representatives series dates from 1835 to 1865 and contains mostly pro-Northern materials. The majority of the documents attack slavery on
moral grounds, and several essays criticize the economic and ethical foundations of the institution. Highlights include an
essay by Jim Ashley titled "The Barbarism of Slavery," as well as a treatise by I.N. Arnold titled "Slavery: The Cause of
the War and All Its Evils."
Speeches from the Senate series dates from 1850 to 1868. Both Northern and Southern perspectives are presented. Highlights include an essay by Henry
Clay titled "Resolutions on the Issue of Slavery," as well as a resolution preparing to retrocede the Southern courts.
General Publications series begins in 1835 and also includes documents published during the 1970’s about the Civil War. Much of this material
was written after the conflict, and includes several comprehensive historical accounts. Items featured are catalogues of Civil
War Battles, a chronological history of the Civil War, and photographs published in 1979. Also included are several academic
essays about Civil War History, as well as writings pertaining to US foreign Policy during the mid to late nineteenth century.
Legal Materials series dates from 1856 to 1865. Highlights of the series are a report of the decisions of the Supreme Court during the Dred
Scott case, and an essay by Tatlow Jackson titled "Martial Law: What it is and who can declare it."
Medical series dates from 1861 to 1865, and focuses mostly on the sanitary conditions of the battlefield. The series is comprised
of surveys, letters, and outlines pertaining to the hygienic, medical, and surgical procedures during the war. Highlights
include a piece by Joshua Nicholas Speed titled "A letter on the sanitary conditions of the troops in Boston," as well as
the letters of Dr. William Hanchett titled "Illinois physician and the Civil War Draft." Other items of interest are a report
on Government hospitals and Agencies, as well as documents recounting the operations of the US Sanitary Commission.
Plates and Portraits series is comprised mostly of photographs and prints that were published during the twentieth century. Featured items are
prints illustrating Civil War battle scenes, officer prints, portraits and photographs, national military aerial views, and
twenty re-prints of President Lincoln. The only dated materials are from 1910 and 1946.
Ephemera series dates from 1856 to 1875. Materials include a Civil War issue of Americana Press, newspaper reproductions, scrapbooks,
and Southern currency. Other items of interest include original confederate poetry and postage stamps, as well as selected
poems about General Ulysses S. Grant.