Finding aid of the Edgar H. Leoni Papers Coll2007.019

Finding aid prepared by Michael P. Palmer
Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
909 West Adams Boulevard
Los Angeles, California, 90007
(213) 741-0094
© 2008

Title: Edgar H. Leoni papers
Identifier/Call Number: Coll2007.019
Contributing Institution: ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 3.0 linear feet.
Date (bulk): Bulk, 1956-1985
Date (inclusive): 1935-1995. (bulk 1956-1985).
Abstract: The collection consists of correspondence, writings, drafts, copies, research files, diaries, photographs, and miscellaneous ephemera, of Edgar H. Leoni, author under his real name of Nostradamus: Life and Literature (1961), and under his pseudonym of Noel I. Garde of Jonathan to Gide: The Homosexual in History (1964).
General Physical Description note: 6 archive cartons + 1 archive shoebox.
creator: Leoni, Edgar H., 1925-


The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.

Publication Rights

Researchers wishing to publish materials must obtain permission in writing from ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives as the physical owner. Researchers must also obtain clearance from the holder(s) of any copyrights in the materials. Note that ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives can grant copyright clearance only for those materials for which we hold the copyright. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain copyright clearance for all other materials directly from the copyright holder(s).

Preferred Citation

Box #, folder #, Edgar H. Leoni Papers, Coll2007-019, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.

Acquisition Information

Papers donated to the International Gay & Lesbian Archives in 1992 by Edgar H. Leoni.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Michael P. Palmer, December 31, 2007.
Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.


Edgar Hugh Leoni was born in 1925. He graduated BA from Harvard in 1945, and later earned an MA from Columbia. He worked in the insurance industry in New York City, and retired to Clearwater, Florida.
Leoni's intellectual interests were the work of Nostradamus and the homosexual in literature and history. His Nostradamus: Life and LiteratureNostradamus: Life and Literature (New York 1961) was in its time considered the standard work on the subject. He published on homosexual themes under the name "Noel I. Garde", an anagram of his real name. As Garde he published The Homosexual in Literature (New York 1959) and Jonathan to Gide: The Homosexual in HistoryJonathan to Gide: The Homosexual in History (New York 1964), and contributed articles, book reviews, and notes to both the Mattachine Review and the ONE Institute Quarterly in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection consists of correspondence, drafts and copies of Leoni's writings, both under his real name and under his pseudonym of Noel I. Garde, research files on the occult and on gays in literature and history, diaries, photographs, and miscellaneous ephemera. The collection is divided into five series: (1) Correspondence, (2) Writings, (3) Research Files, (4) Personal, and (5) Miscellaneous.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Garde, Noel I.
Leoni, Edgar H., 1925-
ONE, Inc
Homosexuality in literature--Bibliography
Prophecies (Occultism)


Correspondence Series 1: 1956-1993

Physical Description: 9.0 folders.

Series Scope and Content

This series consists of Leoni's correspondence, both under his own name and the pseudonym Noel I. Garde. The Leoni correspondence contains a notable series of letters to and from John Wojtowicz and George Heath relating to the former (whose fictionalized story is told in Sidney Lumet's 1975 film, Dog Day Afternoon). Much of the Garde correspondence with ONE appears to have been added to the collection after its acquisition by ONE from ONE's own files: the letters are Leoni's originals, stamped with the date they were received by ONE.

Leoni 1946-1995

Box 1, Folder 1

General 1959-1994

Box 1, Folder 2

Mark Bassett 1980-1981

Box 1, Folder 3

Booksellers 1956-1993

Box 1, Folder 4

Forman Brown ("Richard Meeker") circa 1980-1991

Box 1, Folder 5

ONE, Inc. 1960

Box 1, Folder 6

Ned Rorem 1946-1995

Box 1, Folder 7

John Wojtowicz & George Heath 1975-1981


Garde 1958-1980

Box 1, Folder 8

General circa 1970-1980

Box 1, Folder 9

ONE, Inc. 1958-1965


Writings Series 2: circa 1942-1985.

Physical Description: 16.0 folders.

Series Scope and Content

This series consists of drafts of Leoni's writings, together with relevant correspondence, notes, and research materials. The majority of the articles, essays, biographical sketches, and book reviews written under his Garde pseudonym were intended for publication by ONE. Many of the materials are stamped with the date of receipt by ONE and are accompanied by ONE's publications committee, recommending publication or rejection, suggesting that, like the Garde correspondence with ONE, they were added to the collection after its acquisition by ONE, from ONE's own files.

The Homosexual in Literature (Garde) 1959

Box 1, Folder 10

Photocopy 1959


Nostradamus (Leoni) circa 1942-1993

Box 1, Folder 11

Correspondence 1968-1994

Box 1, Folder 12

Dust Jackets & Table of Contents 1961-1982

Box 1, Folder 13

Library Holdings, Sales, Returns circa 1961-1970

Box 1, Folder 14

Notes circa 1960-1994

Box 1, Folder 15

Pamphlets & Articles circa 1942-1982

Box 2, Folder 1

Publicity 1961-1985

Box 2, Folder 2

Spiegel Article 1981

Box 2, Folder 3

Texts. English no date

Box 2, Folder 4

Texts. French no date


Jonathan to Gide (Garde) 1964-1971, 1984

Box 2, Folder 5

Correspondence 1969-1971, 1984

Box 2, Folder 6

Dust Jacket 1964

Box 2, Folder 7

Library Sales, Gifts, Returns circa 1965-1971

Box 2, Folder 8

Articles, Essays & Biographical Sketches (Garde) circa 1960-1985

Box 2, Folder 9

Book Reviews (Garde) circa 1957-1963

Box 2, Folder 10

Fiction circa 1960-1985


Research Files Series 3: 1953-1985.

General Physical Description note: 28 folders + 1 box of note slips.

Series Scope and Content

This series contains general research files. The most significant item is a file containing several hundred 6-by-4 inch slips of paper containing detailed analyses of English-language fiction with homosexual characters and themes, perhaps preparatory to an unrealized update to Young's 1975 The Male Homosexual in Literature. The materials also include transcripts of graffiti found in railroad and bus terminals between 1949 and 1959 and a handwritten transcript of Priapea sive diversorum poetarum in Priapum lusus.
Box 2, Folder 11

Astrology & the Third Reich (Ellic Howe). Miscellaneous Photocopies 1984

Box 2, Folder 12

Biology Notes circa 1960-1985

Box 2, Folder 13

Chronology Chart, 395-1915. Part 1 (385-1453) 1935

Box 2, Folder 14

Cordan, Wolfgang. "Days with Antonio" 1960

Box 2, Folder 15

Erotic Book Flyers circa 1960-1970

Box 2, Folder 16

European Royalty. Genealogy circa 1960-1985

Box 2, Folder 17

Excerpts from Other Authors circa 1960-1985

Box 2, Folder 18

Geography 1964-1988

Box 2, Folder 19

Graffiti (Train/Bus Stations) 1949-1959

Box 3, Folder 1

Hemingway, Ernest. Suppressed Poems circa 1960


Homosexuality Bibliography 1970-1977

Box 3, Folder 2

Parker, William. Homosexual Bibliography 1970-1977

Box 3, Folder 3

Young, Ian. The Male Homosexual in Literature 1975

Box 3, Folder 4

Homosexuality Bibliographies & Book Lists circa 1960-1985

Box 3, Folder 7

Summaries of English-language fiction with homosexual characters and themes circa 1958-1987

General Physical Description note: 1 box of paper slips
Dimensions note: (4 x 6 inches)
Box 3, Folder 5

Human Rights Practices for 1993, Country Reports on (103d Congress, 2d Session) 1994

Box 3, Folder 6

Miscellaneous Notes circa 1960-1985

Box 3, Folder 7

Newspaper Clippings 1941-1992

Box 3, Folder 8

Newspaper Clippings. Yukio Mishima 1958-1974

Box 3, Folder 9

Palaeontology circa 1960-1985

Box 3, Folder 10

Photocopies, Miscellaneous no date

Box 3, Folder 11

Priapea sive diversorum poetarum in Priapum lusus. Transcript (manuscript) circa 1960-1985

Box 3, Folder 12

Prokosch, Frederic. The Asiatics circa 1941

Box 3, Folder 13

Roberts, Hermese E. The Third Ear: A Black Glossary 1971

General note

Box 3, Folder 14

Rochester, John Willmott, Earl of. Rochester's Sodom (1904). Transcript (typescript) circa 1960-1985

Box 3, Folder 15

Saul, John. Sins of the Cities of the Plain (1881) circa 1960-1985

General note

Box 3, Folder 16

Sexology; Sex Science Magazine June 1953

Box 4, Folder 1

Symmonds, John Addington. A Problem in Greek Ethics (1901) circa 1960-1985

General note

Photographic copy.
Box 4, Folder 2

Weston, Patrick (Gerald Hamilton). Desert Dreamers (1914) circa 1960-1985

General note

Box 4, Folder 3

Windham, Donald. The Hitchhiker (1950) circa 1960-1985

General note


Personal Series 4: 1935-1993.

Physical Description: 19.0 volumes + 8 folders.

Series Scope and Content

This series contains documents of a personal nature, including extensive diaries from 1935 to 1993, as well as materials relating to Leoni's status as a Harvard alumnus, including a copy of the 1941 freshman class yearbook and his correspondence with Harvard Magazine. The photographs appear to document a visit to Europe in the late 1940s or early 1950s.

Diaries 1935-1993

Box 5, Folder 1

January-May 1935

Box 5, Folder 2


Box 5, Folder 3


General note

Box 5, Folder 4


General note

Box 5, Folder 5


General note

Box 5, Folder 6


General note

Box 5, Folder 7


Box 5, Folder 8


General note

Box 5, Folder 9


Box 5, Folder 10


Box 5, Folder 11


Box 5, Folder 12


Box 6, Folder 1


Box 6, Folder 2


Box 6, Folder 3


Box 6, Folder 4


Box 6, Folder 5


Box 6, Folder 6


Box 6, Folder 7



Harvard 1941-circa 1995

Box 4, Folder 4

Harvard Class of 1945. Freshman Yearbook 1941

Box 4, Folder 5

Harvard Class of 1945. Newspaper Clippings circa 1945-1955

Box 4, Folder 6

Harvard Class of 1945 in Print circa 1995

Box 4, Folder 7

Harvard Magazine 1977-1991

Box 4, Folder 8

Class Notes (Government) circa 1941-1945

Box 4, Folder 9

Miscellaneous 1975

Box 4, Folder 10

Christmas Cards circa 1990

Box 4, Folder 11

Photographs circa 1945-1960


Miscellaneous Series 5: circa 1960-1985

Physical Description: 8.0 items.

Series Scope and Content

This series contains miscellaneous materials found in the collection, including graphics of homosexual erotic images and ephemera with both homosexual and heterosexual erotic images.
Box 4, Folder 12

Graphics circa 1960-1985

Box 6, Folder 8

Microfilm (unidentified) no date

Box 6, Folder 9

Microfilm (unidentified) no date

Box 6, Folder 10

Climax 69 Playing Cards (heterosexual) circa 1960-1975

Box 6, Folder 11

DSI Playing Cards (homosexual) circa 1960-1975

Box 6, Folder 12

Coin of Elizabeth II in lucite 1965

Box 6, Folder 13

Miss Demontagia (German) circa 1960-1975

Box 6, Folder 14

Keyholder with color male physique transparency circa 1960-1975