Finding Aid to the Ernest and Mary Peixotto papers, 1838-1956, bulk 1890-1940

Finding Aid written by Lara Michels
The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
© 2007
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Finding Aid to the Ernest and Mary Peixotto papers, 1838-1956, bulk 1890-1940

Collection Number: BANC MSS C-H 98

The Bancroft Library



University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California
Finding Aid Written By:
Lara Michels
Date Completed:
September 2012
© 2012 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: Ernest and Mary Peixotto papers
Date (inclusive): 1838-1956,
Date (bulk): bulk 1890-1940
Collection Number: BANC MSS C-H 98
Creators : Peixotto, Ernest C., 1869-1940 Peixotto, Mary Hutchinson, 1869-1956
Extent: Number of containers: 7 cartons, 5 oversize folders, 2 boxes, 1 volume, 1 oversize box, and 1 tube Linear feet: 12
Repository: The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
Abstract: Papers of artist and writer Ernest Peixotto and his wife Mary Hutchinson Peixotto. Includes correspondence; subject files; diaries, sketchbooks, and notebooks; personalia; ephemera; and some scrapbooks.
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English and French
Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Information for Researchers

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720-6000. Consent is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner. See: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/reference/permissions.html. 
Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.Materials in this collection may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). In addition, the reproduction of some materials may be restricted by terms of University of California gift or purchase agreements, donor restrictions, privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of without permission of the copyright owner. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley 94720-6000. See: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/reference/permissions.html .

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Ernest and Mary Peixotto papers, BANC MSS C-H 98, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Alternate Forms Available

The following items from the collection have been microfilmed: Ernest Peixotto's subject files on war artists and some World War I correspondence (BANC FILM 2743; Carton 1, folder 16 and 46-53); Mary Peixotto's letters to Ernest Peixotto, 1918-1919 (BANC FILM 2736; Carton 6, folder 24-36).

Separated Material

Photographs and other pictorical materials transferred to the Pictorial Collections of the Bancroft Library (BANC PIC 1980.029-B; BANC PIC 1988.048; BANC PIC 1990.026-C; BANC PIC 1990.074-PIC)

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Peixotto, Ernest C., 1869-1940--Archives
Peixotto, Mary Hutchinson, 1869-1956--Archives
United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces. Art Training Center (Bellevue, France)
National Society of Mural Painters, New York
Ecole des beaux-arts de Fontainebleau
Beaux-Arts Institute of Design
MacDowell Club
Student Art League of New York
Art Commission of the City of New York
New York World's Fair (1939-1940)
World War, 1914-1918--Art and the war
Mural painting and decoration, American--New York (State) ?z New York
Painting--United States
Painting--France--Paris
Art--Study and teaching
Painters--United States
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Guestbooks
Ephemera
Blueprints
Peixotto, Ernest C., 1869-1940
Peixotto, Mary Hutchinson, 1869-1956
MacDowell, Marian, 1857-1956, correspondent
Armfield, Maxwell, 1881-1972, correspondent
Bynner, Witter, 1881-1968, correspondent
Dana, Richard Henry, 1851-1931, correspondent
Guerin, Jules Vallee, 1866-1946, correspondent
LaFarge, Christopher, 1897-1956, correspondent
Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963, correspondent
Labatut, Jean-Pierre, correspondent
Leon, Paul, correspondent
Neuhaus, Eugen, 1879-1963, correspondent
Fredenthal, David, 1914-1958, correspondent
Norris, Frank, 1870-1902, correspondent
Parrish, Maxfield, 1870-1966, correspondent
Peixotto, M. Percy, correspondent
Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985, correspondent
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997, correspondent
Burgess, Gelett, 1866-1951, correspondent
Sterling, George, 1869-1926, correspondent

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The Ernest and Mary Peixotto papers were given to The Bancroft Library by Eustace M. Peixotto, Ernest D. Peixotto, and Mrs. Hervey P. Clark between 1958 and 1990.

Accruals

No additions are expected.

System of Arrangement

Arranged to the folder level.

Processing Information

Processed by Lara Michels.

Biographical Information

Ernest Peixotto is best known as a muralist and illustrator, though he also achieved notable success as a writer. Born to Sephardic Jewish parents in San Francisco in 1869, Peixotto studied at the California School of Design and, from 1888 until 1894, at the Atelier Julian in France. Upon returning the the United States in 1894, Peixotto settled again in San Francisco where he founded The Lark, an art magazine in print from 1895 through 1897. Peixotto married painter Mary Glascock Hutchinson in New Orleans in 1897. Hutchinson, born in San Francisco in 1869, had also been a student at the California School of Design. The couple moved to New York after their marriage and Ernest joined the staff of Scribner's Magazine, where he worked as an illustrator. Together, they relocated to France in 1899, taking up residence just outside of Paris in a villa in Fontainebleau that would serve as the couple's primary home until Ernest's death in 1940.
During World War I, General John Pershing appointed Ernest Peixotto an official war artist attached to the American Expeditionary Force. Peixotto is remembered for having created a striking visual record of the destruction and dislocation of modern warfare. At the war's end, Peixotto became, for a brief period, director of the American Expeditionary Force Art Training Center at Bellevue, France, which merged into the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1923. After leaving his post as director, Peixotto continued to serve the school as chair of its American Committee. From 1919 through 1926, Peixotto was also director of the mural department of the Beaux-Arts Institute of Design in New York. In 1921, he was made a Chevalier in the Legion of Honor, for his work during the war and for promoting good relations between France and the United States.
Between 1926 and 1940, Peixotto focused on his own work while still serving a number of art organizations and committees. He was the president of the National Society of Mural Painters from 1929 to 1935, president of School Art League of New York from 1936 to 1940, and a member of the Municipal Art Commission of the City of New York from 1935 to 1940. He also served as director of murals for the New York World's Fair in 1939.

Scope and Content of Collection

Correspondence; subject files; diaries, sketchbooks, and notebooks; personalia; ephemera; and some scrapbooks. Correspondence consists of letters between Ernest and Mary Peixotto during and after World War I as well as general incoming correspondence. Ernest Peixotto's correspondents include friends, other artists and writers (such as Frank Norris, Maxfield Parrish, George Sterling, and Gelett Burgess), publishers, patrons, and art organizations and committees. Mary Peixotto's general correspondence documents, among other things, her activities with French war relief organizations during World War I. Among Ernest Peixotto's subject files are materials on the following: American Camouflage; War Artists; the American Expeditionary Force Art Training Center at Bellevue, France; Appui aux Artistes; the Beaux Arts Institute of Design; the Fontainebleau schools; the Municipal Art Commission of the City of New York; the National Society of Mural Painters; the Student Art League of New York; and the World's Fair. Scrapbooks include clippings documenting Ernest Peixotto's career. Notable among Mary Peixotto's other papers are some early letters and documents from the Hutchinson and Glascock families as well as files on her family's genealogy.

Container List

 

Series 1:  Ernest Peixotto. circa 1876-1953

Physical Description: Carton 1-5; carton 6, folder 1-23; oversize folder 1-5; oversize box 1
 

Subseries 1.1 Correspondence. 1895-1941

Physical Description: Carton 1, folder 1-42
Carton 1, Folder 1-41

General correspondence, 1895-1941, undated

Carton 1, Folder 42

Letters to Mary Peixotto, circa 1918

 

Subseries 1.2 Subject Files.

Physical Description: Carton 1, folder 43-56; carton 2; carton 3, folder 1-11; oversize folder 4-5
Carton 1, Folder 43-45

American Camouflage, 1916-1918, undated

 

War Artist files

Carton 1, Folder 46

Orders, 1918

Carton 1, Folder 47

Memoranda and other communications, 1918-1919

Carton 1, Folder 48

Ration cards, room tickets, admission tickets, 1918-1919

Carton 1, Folder 49

Identification papers, passes, 1914-1918

Carton 1, Folder 50

Reports, 1918-1919

Carton 1, Folder 51

Role of the War Artist, 1918-1919

Carton 1, Folder 52

Postcards and stationary, 1918-1919

Carton 1, Folder 53

Assorted papers, 1918-1919

Oversize Folder 5

World War I maps, circa 1917-1918

Carton 1, Folder 54-56

American Expeditionary Force Art Training Center (Bellevue), 1919

Carton 2, Folder 1

McDowell Club, circa 1913-1934

Carton 2, Folder 2-10

Appui aux Artistes, 1915-19

Carton 2, Folder 11

Beaux Arts Institute of Design, circa 1919-1932

Carton 2, Folder 12

Beaux Arts Ball, circa 1920-1940

Carton 2, Folder 13

Century Club, 1932-1938

 

Fontainebleau Schools

Carton 2, Folder 14-24

Correspondence, 1917-1939, undated

Carton 2, Folder 25

Charter, undated

Carton 2, Folder 26

Reports, communications, brochures, circa 1922-1926

Carton 2, Folder 27

Accounts, circa 1923-1939

Carton 2, Folder 28

Augusta Savage controversy, 1922-1923

Carton 2, Folder 29

Alumni Bulletin, 1938-1939

Carton 2, Folder 30

Clippings, circa 1920-1940

Oversize Folder 4

List of students, 1925

Carton 2, Folder 31-38

Municipal Art Commission of the City of New York, 1935-1939

Carton 3, Folder 1

Mural for Oyster Bay Post Office, New York, 1929-1938

Carton 3, Folder 2

Mural in Seaman's Bank for Savings, New York, circa 1928

Carton 3, Folder 3

Mural: Alexander Hamilton Panel at the Bank of New York, circa 1928

Carton 3, Folder 4-5

National Society of Mural Painters, circa 1925-1938

Carton 3, Folder 6

Renaissance des Cites, 1921, undated

Carton 3, Folder 7

Student Art League of New York City, 1936-1938

Carton 3, Folder 8-11

World's Fair, 1936-1939

Oversize Folder 4

World's Fair (oversize), 1936-1939

 

Subseries 1.3 Contracts, Sales, and Exhibitions. circa 1893-1941

Physical Description: Carton 3, folder 12-21
Carton 3, Folder 12-13

Contracts and agreements, 1927

Carton 3, Folder 14

Book contracts, 1906-1932

Carton 3, Folder 15-18

Picture sales and exhibitions, circa 1907-1941

Carton 3, Folder 19-21

Exhibition catalogs and invitations, circa 1893-1929

 

Subseries 1.4 Notebook, Drawings, and Illustrations. circa 1876-1940, undated

Physical Description: Carton 3, folder 22-27; carton 4, folder 1-10; oversize box 1; oversize folder 1
Carton 3, Folder 22

French Notes, undated

Carton 3, Folder 23

Giverny, 1889

Carton 3, Folder 24

Italian Notes, undated

Carton 3, Folder 25

Italian Notes: Florence Villas, undated

Carton 3, Folder 26

Italian Notes: Italian Riviera, undated

Carton 3, Folder 27

Rhodes, Thera, etc., 1935, undated

Carton 4, Folder 1

Spanish Notes of Interiors for Decorations, undated

Carton 4, Folder 2

Chinon, Switzerland, undated

Carton 4, Folder 3

France and Switzerland, circa 1893

Carton 4, Folder 4

Nassau, Bahamas, circa 1897

Carton 4, Folder 5

Fontainebleau, undated

Carton 4, Folder 6

Italy, undated

Carton 4, Folder 7

Dalmatian Coast, undated

Oversize Box 1, Folder 1

Illustration plates, Paris Exposition, 1900

Oversize Box 1, Folder 2

A Revolutionary War Calendar, 1900

Oversize Box 1, Folder 3

Scrapbook of Peixotto's Overland Monthly illustrations, circa 1890-1899

Oversize Folder 1

Sanguin Sketches, undated

Carton 4, Folder 8

Loose sketches, undated

Carton 4, Folder 9

Designs and sketches, undated

Carton 4, Folder 10

Book of hand-colored plates, 1876

Carton 4, Folder 11

Miscellaneous artwork, undated

Oversize Folder 1

Miscellaneous artwork, undated

 

Subseries 1.5 Diaries. 1893-1940, undated

Physical Description: Carton 4, folder 12-24; carton 5, folder 1-14
Carton 4, Folder 12-24

Diaries, 1893-1911

Carton 5, Folder 1-13

Diaries, 1912-1933, undated

Carton 5, Folder 14

Record of letters and addresses, 1940

 

Subseries 1.6 Writings. circa 1895-1930

Physical Description: Carton 5, folder 15-31; carton 6, folder 1-3
Carton 5, Folder 15-17

Published articles, circa 1899-1921

Carton 5, Folder 18

The Revolutionary Pictures, 1898

Carton 5, Folder 19

Caretti and Marionetti (World War 1 writings), circa 1918

Carton 5, Folder 20

Effects of War upon a Small French Town (World War 1 writings), circa 1918

Carton 5, Folder 21

Giotti di Bondone (World War 1 writings), circa 1918

Carton 5, Folder 22

Subiaco (World War 1 writings), circa 1918

Carton 5, Folder 23

In Piper-Land (World War 1 writings), circa 1918

Carton 5, Folder 24

St. Francis (World War 1 writings), circa 1918

Carton 5, Folder 25

Saturday, September 28 (World War 1 writings), circa 1918

Carton 5, Folder 26

The Soldier's and Sailor's Bulletin, circa 1922

Carton 5, Folder 27

Lenchen's Caprice, undated

Carton 5, Folder 28-31

The Lark (No. 1-24), 1895-1897

Carton 6, Folder 1

The Lark (No. 13-24; bound), 1896-1897

Carton 6, Folder 2

The Lark (assorted), circa 1895-1897

Carton 6, Folder 3

Talks and lecture notes, undated

 

Subseries 1.7 Personalia, Ephemera, and Miscellany. circa 1896-1953

Physical Description: Carton 6, folder 4-23; oversize folder 1-3; oversize box 1
Carton 6, Folder 4

Awards and certificates, 1926-1937

Oversize Folder 3

Awards and certificates, circa 1920-1937

Tube 1

Certificate from the New York City Art Commission [restricted due to condition; use reproduction in Oversize folder 3] circa 1935

Carton 6, Folder 5

Resolution by the Hispanic Society on the death of Ernest Peixotto, 1941

Carton 6, Folder 6

Wills, 1931-1932

Carton 6, Folder 7

Travel documents and passports, circa 1890-1940

Carton 6, Folder 8

Travel ephemera: United States, 1915, undated

Oversize Folder 1

Travel ephemera: United States, 1915, undated

Carton 6, Folder 9-10

Travel ephemera: South America, 1912, 1938-1939, undated

Oversize Folder 1

Travel ephemera: South America, 1912, 1938-1939, undated

Carton 6, Folder 11

Ephemera collected and calling cards of people met on Peruvian trip, 1912

Carton 6, Folder 12

Assorted programs, 1913-1953

Carton 6, Folder 13

Fragments from Le Petit Journal des Refusees(ed. Gelett Burgess), 1896

Box 2

Guest book, circa 1900-1930

Carton 6, Folder 14

Assorted news clippings, circa 1910-1940

Oversize Folder 2

Assorted news clippings, circa 1910-1940

Carton 6, Folder 15

Miscellany, circa 1900-1940

Oversize Folder 1

Miscellany, circa 1900-1940

Oversize Folder 1

Articles on Peixotto, undated

Carton 6, Folder 16-23

Clippings scrapbook pages, 1906-1928

Oversize Box 1, Folder 5

French Legion of Honor Medal, 1921

 

Series 2 Mary Peixotto. circa 1838-1956

Physical Description: Carton 6, folder 24-50; carton 7; oversize box 1; volume 1
 

Subseries 2.1 Correspondence. 1897-1956

Physical Description: Carton 6, folder 24-50; carton 7, folder 1-22
Carton 6, Folder 24-41

Letters to Ernest Peixotto, 1918-1939

Carton 6, Folder 42

Letters to mother and brother, 1900

Carton 6, Folder 43

Letter and postcard to sister, Mrs. William Bull Pringle, 1930

Carton 6, Folder 44-50

General correspondence, 1897-1918

Carton 7, Folder 1-12

General correspondence, 1918-1956, undated

Carton 7, Folder 13-19

Condolence letters (upon death of Ernest Peixotto), 1940-1941

Carton 7, Folder 20

Condolence telegrams, 1940-1941

Carton 7, Folder 21-22

Condolence calling cards, 1940-1941

 

Subseries 2.2 Hutchinson Family Papers and Genealogy. circa 1838-1956

Physical Description: Carton 7, folder 23-33
Carton 7, Folder 23

Letter from Isabel Hutchinson Pringle, from Yosemite, to her parents, 1902

Carton 7, Folder 24

Letters from T.R. Hutchinson to his wife Annie and daughter Isabel, 1988, 1901, 1903

Carton 7, Folder 25

Letter fragment from Prentis Hutchinson, Murphy's Camp, Calif., to his mother, 1891

Carton 7, Folder 26

Letter from William Denman to Anthony Campbell and deed of Anthony Cambell (of Natchez, Mississippi), 1839

Carton 7, Folder 27

Letter from Mary Campbell (Pine Ridge, Mississippi) to John G. Fleming, 1838

Carton 7, Folder 28

Letter fragment, undated

Carton 7, Folder 29

Letters regarding genealogy 1901

Carton 7, Folder 30-31

Genealogy and family history papers, circa 1900-1956

Carton 7, Folder 32

Property documents (Adams County, Mississipi), circa 1838

Carton 7, Folder 33

Notes made by Isabel Pringle Clark, undated

 

Subseries 2.3 Personalia and other papers. circa 1897-1956

Physical Description: Carton 7, folder 34-44; oversize box 1; volume 1
Carton 7, Folder 34

Scrapbook pages, circa 1897

Oversize Box 1, Folder 4

Clippings scrapbook of musical and theatrical performances, circa 1895-1905

Carton 7, Folder 35

References and recommendations, circa 1918

Carton 7, Folder 36

Lectures/talks, 1920

Carton 7, Folder 37

Newsclippings regarding Ernest Peixotto's death, 1940-1941

Carton 7, Folder 38

Materials regarding Ernest Peixotto's death and burial, 1940-1941

Volume 1

Ernest Peixotto Memorial Committee scrapbook, 1940-1941

Carton 7, Folder 39

Letter regarding Mary Peixotto's death (to Eustace and Catherine), circa 1956

Carton 7, Folder 40

Invitations, circa 1924, undated

Carton 7, Folder 41

Wills, 1931-1933

Carton 7, Folder 42

Hutchinson and Company legal records, 1933

Carton 7, Folder 43

Diaries, 1941-1954

Carton 7, Folder 44

Passports, 1934-1954

 

Subseries 2.4 Notes and Drawings. circa 1898-1941

Physical Description: Carton 7, folder 45-47; box 1
Carton 7, Folder 45

Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania 1898

Carton 7, Folder 46

Unidentified notebook, 1908

Carton 7, Folder 47

Peru, 1912

Box 1, Folder 1

Unidentified sketchbook, circa 1930-1949

Box 1, Folder 2

Unidentified sketchbook, circa 1941

Box 1, Folder 3

Unidentified sketchbook, undated