Finding Aid to Caroline Schulz Service Papers, 1919-1997

Bancroft Library Staff
The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
© 2011
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Finding Aid to Caroline Schulz Service Papers, 1919-1997

Collection number: BANC MSS 99/237 cz

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
Finding Aid Author(s):
Bancroft Library Staff
Finding Aid Encoded By:
GenX
© 2011 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: Caroline Schulz Service Papers
Date (inclusive): 1919-1997
Collection Number: BANC MSS 99/237 cz
Creator: Service, Caroline Schulz
Extent: 5 boxes 2 oversize folders 2.4 linear feet
Repository: The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
Abstract: Contains correspondence between Caroline Schultz Service and family and friends, as well as writings and personal papers.
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English
Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Information for Researchers

Access Information

Collection is open for research.

Conditions of Use

Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the appropriate curator or the Head of Public Services for forwarding. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Caroline Schulz Service Papers, BANC MSS 99/237 cz, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley

Related Material

Caroline Schulz Service: State Department Duty in China, the McCarthy era, and after, 1933 1977, oral history transcript, BANC MSS 79/82 c Caroline Service Letters to Lisa Green, BANC MSS 99/81 cz
John Service Papers, BANC MSS 87/21 cz John S. Service: State Department Duty in China, the McCarthy Era, and after, 1933 1977, oral history transcript, BANC MSS 82/106 c
Grace Service Papers, BANC MSS 87/22 cz

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog
Service, Caroline Schulz, 1909-1997 -- Archives
Service, John S. (John Stewart), 1909-1999
Service Family
United States. Foreign Service -- Officials and employees
Diplomats' spouses
Service, Caroline
China -- Description and travel

Administrative Information

The Caroline Schulz Service Papers were given to The Bancroft Library by John S. Service in July 1998; additions made by Robert E. Service on February 24, 1999.

Biography

Caroline Edward Service was born November 30, 1909, in Kansas City, Missouri, the third daughter of Col. Edward Hugh Schulz and his wife, Katherine Muhleman Schulz. Her father was a career army officer who had graduated first in his class from West Point in 1895 and went on to a career in the Engineers Corp, retiring from the Presidio in San Francisco in 1938.
Caroline attended Oberlin College, receiving a B.A. in 1931. There she met John Stewart Service, known as Jack. They were married in Haiphong, French Indo-China in 1933, en route to Service’s first assignment at the Consulate in Kunming. A daughter, Virginia, was born there, and a son, Robert, when they moved to Beijing. Following a tour of duty in Shanghai, Caroline and the two children were repatriated to the United States in late 1940 and spent the war years in Berkeley, Calif., with Caroline’s parents. Following the birth of their third child, Philip, in 1945, the Services served two years in New Zealand. While there, Caroline became a good friend with Lisa Green, wife of Marshall Green. They corresponded almost continually for the next 50 years.
In 1950/51, Caroline and the children spent a year in New Delhi waiting for Jack to join them. He had been caught up in the McCarthy-inspired purges of government officials and was fired from the State Department in December 1951. The Services moved to New York for five years where Jack worked for a steam trap company and Caroline contributed to family finances by working in a jewelry store. In 1957 the U.S. Supreme Court ordered Service reinstated. Their last post was in Liverpool, England.
In 1962, the Services returned to California. They lived for many years in north Berkeley, before moving to a retirement home in Oakland in 1986. Caroline accompanied her husband on four trips to China beginning in 1971, and wrote a few articles. She was also an amateur poet. Caroline Service died in 1997.
Written by son, Robert E. Service, 10 February 2002.

Scope and Content Note

The Caroline Schulz Service Papers, 1919-1997, consist of correspondence with family and friends, writings, and a small amount of personal papers. The bulk of letters are from Jack, her husband, including some early correspondence written while he was in China before their marriage. Also of interest is some early correspondence from Caroline to her family regarding her life in China upon first settling there with Jack, as well as subsequent family developments and events. The bulk of Caroline’s correspondence with friends was written after the Services had resettled in the San Francisco Bay Area in the 1970s, but also includes a small amount of her frequent correspondence later in life with several newspaper and journal editors concerning various issues and concerns. Caroline’s writings consist of articles, editorials, poetry, and personal trip journals. These often incorporated her personal experiences in China as well as revealed her political and humanistic concerns.

Container Listing

 

Series 1: Family Correspondence 1930-1987

Physical Description: Boxes 1-2

Scope and Content Note

Divided into two sub-series: Incoming and Outgoing. The bulk of the letters are from her husband, Jack. Of particular interest are the letters sent to Caroline by family and friends concerning the Supreme Court’s decision in 1957.
 

Incoming 1930-1987

Physical Description: Boxes 1-2
box 1, folder 1-22

Letters from “Jack” 1930-1984, Undated

box 1, folder 23

Letters from “Jack” to “everyone” 1941 1987

box 2, folder 1

Letters from “Mother” 1935, 1951-1954

box 2, folder 2

Letters from family, including “Father” (Schulz), Gertrude Hausman, “Tat” (sister, Katherine Bruce), “Mother” (Schulz), “Esta” (sister-in-law), John (grandson) 1950-1987

box 2, folder 3-5

Letters from family and friends concerning Supreme Court Decision 1957 June-Oct

 

Outgoing 1930-1984

Physical Description: Box 2
box 2, folder 6-13

Letters to Schulz family 1930-1959

box 2, folder 14-15

Letters to “Tat” 1935-1936

box 2, folder 16

Letters to “Tat and Al" 1978

box 2, folder 17

Letters to family 1956-1984

 

Series 2: General Correspondence 1935-1997

Physical Description: Box 3

Scope and Content Note

Divided into two sub-series: Letters from Friends, and Miscellaneous.
 

Letters from Friends 1935-1997

Physical Description: Box 3
box 3, folder 1-2

A-Z miscellany 1950-1997

box 3, folder 3

Bery, Prem 1990-1992

box 3, folder 4

Buckner, Adele 1975-1976

 

Griffith, Belle

box 3, folder 6

Hall, Gwen 1985-1988

box 3, folder 7

Henderson, Loy W. (Loy Wesley), 1892-1986 1951 1973

box 3, folder 8

Larmour, Constance 1987-1992

box 3, folder 9

Lyon, Cecil and Elsie 1952-1992

box 3, folder 10

McKelvey, Steward and Virginia 1981-1982

box 3, folder 11

Moorhead, Hilda 1992-1993

box 3, folder 12

Salisbury, Charlotte Y. and Harrison Evans, 1908- 1935 1983-1992 Undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes enclosure of letter from Cy Carney to Peggy Darrow, written from the British to Peggy Darrow, written from the British Consulate in Yunnanfu on May 1, 1935
box 3, folder 13

Tuchman, Barbara Wertheim 1978-1986

box 3, folder 14

United States Government 1972 1989

Scope and Content Note

Includes Griswold, Erwin N. (Erwin Nathaniel), 1904- (Solicitor General), Rockefeller, John D. (John Davison), 1937- (Senator, West Virginia)
box 3, folder 15

Unidentified correspondents 1957-1988 Undated

box 3, folder 16

Greeting cards from friends and family 1969-1991 Undated

 

Miscellaneous 1965-1996

Physical Description: Box 3
box 3, folder 17

Letters to miscellaneous friends 1971-1996

box 3, folder 18

Correspondence with newspaper and journal editors 1975-1989

box 3, folder 19

Correspondence with U.S. Government officials regarding Vietnam War and various legislation 1965-1989

 

Series 3: Writings 1919-1986

Physical Description: Box 4

Scope and Content Note

Divided into three sub-series: Notebooks, Prose, and Poetry. Drafts of her article on the Yangtze River include portions written by her mother-in-law, Grace Service in 1906 and by Caroline Service in 1975, along with source material, notes, and correspondence to family and Lisa Green.
 

Notebooks 1959-1985

Physical Description: Box 4
 

Trip notebooks

 

Prose 1919-1984

Physical Description: Box 4
box 4, folder 5

“Chinese Spring, 1975” 1975

Scope and Content Note

Drafts, correspondence, and printed copy of the New York Times, Nov. 1, 1975, p. 29 [published as “Homage to China”]
box 4, folder 6-10

“2 Trips Through the Yangtze Gorges” 1975-1978

Scope and Content Note

Drafts, source material, and printed copy of China Reconstructs, v. 27, no.9, Sept. 1978
box 4, folder 11

“A Visit to Lhasa” 1978

Scope and Content Note

Drafts, correspondence, and printed copy of the Foreign Service Journal, Dec. 1978
box 4, folder 12-13

“When the Snow Thaws” 1979

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence and printed copy of The New Yorker, Sept. 10, 1979
box 4, folder 14

Other Writings 1919-1984, Undated

 

Poetry 1967-1986

Physical Description: Box 4
box 4, folder 15-17

“The Human Race” 1967-1969

Scope and Content Note

Drafts, correspondence, musical arrangement, and copyright information
box 4, folder 18

Poetry 1973-1982, Undated

box 4, folder 19

“The Human Race and Other Poems” 1986

 

Series 4: Personal and Biographical 1930-1994

Physical Description: Box 5

Scope and Content Note

Includes material relating to Service’s two oral histories, invitations, announcements, and other memorabilia, as well as clippings relating to or of interest to Caroline Service.
box 5, folder 1-4

The Bancroft Library, Regional Oral History Office 1976-1992

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence with Willa Baum and Rosemary Levenson, drafts of introductory pages, and miscellaneous materials
box 5, folder 5-14

Foreign Service Family Oral History Project 1986-1994

Scope and Content Note

Edited transcripts of interview, drafts, correspondence with Jewell Fenzi, and miscellaneous materials
box 5, folder 15

Photographs of Caroline Service 1970, 1973, Undated

box 5, folder 16

Invitations and announcements 1933, Undated

box 5, folder 17

Personal memorabilia 1971-1976, Undated

box 5, folder 18, folder 1A

Newspaper clippings with mentions of Caroline 1930-1937

box 5, folder 19-20, folder 2A

Miscellaneous articles and clippings 1966-1991

box 5, folder 21

Memorial programs for friends 1963-1994