Information for Researchers
Collection Title: Caroline Schulz Service Papers
Date (inclusive): 1919-1997
Collection Number: BANC MSS 99/237 cz
Service, Caroline Schulz
2 oversize folders
2.4 linear feet
The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Abstract: Contains correspondence between Caroline Schultz Service and family and friends, as well as writings and personal papers.
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English
Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information
on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Information for Researchers
Collection is open for research.
Conditions of Use
Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts
must be submitted in writing to the appropriate curator or the Head of Public Services for forwarding. Permission for publication
is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission
of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.
[Identification of item], Caroline Schulz Service Papers, BANC MSS 99/237 cz, The Bancroft Library, University of California,
Caroline Schulz Service: State Department Duty in China, the McCarthy era, and after, 1933 1977, oral history transcript,
BANC MSS 79/82 c
Caroline Service Letters to Lisa Green, BANC MSS 99/81 cz
John Service Papers, BANC MSS 87/21 cz
John S. Service: State Department Duty in China, the McCarthy Era, and after,
1933 1977, oral history transcript, BANC MSS 82/106 c
Grace Service Papers, BANC MSS 87/22 cz
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog
Service, Caroline Schulz, 1909-1997 -- Archives
Service, John S. (John Stewart), 1909-1999
United States. Foreign Service -- Officials and employees
China -- Description and travel
The Caroline Schulz Service Papers were given to The Bancroft Library by John S. Service in July 1998; additions made by Robert
E. Service on February 24, 1999.
Caroline Edward Service was born November 30, 1909, in Kansas City, Missouri, the third daughter of Col. Edward Hugh Schulz
and his wife, Katherine Muhleman Schulz. Her father was a career army officer who had graduated first in his class from West
Point in 1895 and went on to a career in the Engineers Corp, retiring from the Presidio in San Francisco in 1938.
Caroline attended Oberlin College, receiving a B.A. in 1931. There she met John Stewart Service, known as Jack. They were
married in Haiphong, French Indo-China in 1933, en route to Service’s first assignment at the Consulate in Kunming. A daughter,
Virginia, was born there, and a son, Robert, when they moved to Beijing. Following a tour of duty in Shanghai, Caroline and
the two children were repatriated to the United States in late 1940 and spent the war years in Berkeley, Calif., with Caroline’s
parents. Following the birth of their third child, Philip, in 1945, the Services served two years in New Zealand. While there,
Caroline became a good friend with Lisa Green, wife of Marshall Green. They corresponded almost continually for the next 50
In 1950/51, Caroline and the children spent a year in New Delhi waiting for Jack to join them. He had been caught up in the
McCarthy-inspired purges of government officials and was fired from the State Department in December 1951. The Services moved
to New York for five years where Jack worked for a steam trap company and Caroline contributed to family finances by working
in a jewelry store. In 1957 the U.S. Supreme Court ordered Service reinstated. Their last post was in Liverpool, England.
In 1962, the Services returned to California. They lived for many years in north Berkeley, before moving to a retirement home
in Oakland in 1986. Caroline accompanied her husband on four trips to China beginning in 1971, and wrote a few articles. She
was also an amateur poet. Caroline Service died in 1997.
Written by son, Robert E. Service, 10 February 2002.
Scope and Content Note
The Caroline Schulz Service Papers, 1919-1997, consist of correspondence with family and friends, writings, and a small amount
of personal papers. The bulk of letters are from Jack, her husband, including some early correspondence written while he was
in China before their marriage. Also of interest is some early correspondence from Caroline to her family regarding her life
in China upon first settling there with Jack, as well as subsequent family developments and events. The bulk of Caroline’s
correspondence with friends was written after the Services had resettled in the San Francisco Bay Area in the 1970s, but also
includes a small amount of her frequent correspondence later in life with several newspaper and journal editors concerning
various issues and concerns. Caroline’s writings consist of articles, editorials, poetry, and personal trip journals. These
often incorporated her personal experiences in China as well as revealed her political and humanistic concerns.