Collection Scope and Content Summary
Title: Baron, Salo W. Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1900-1980
Collection number: M0580
Baron, Salo W.
ca. 398 linear ft.
Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
Abstract: The Baron Papers comprise the personal, professional, and research material of Salo Baron and occupy approximately 398 linear
feet. As of July 1992 the papers total 714 boxes and are arranged in 11 series, including correspondence, personal/biographical,
archival materials, subject, manuscripts, notecards, pamphlets, reprints, and books, manuscripts (other authors), notes, photo
Property rights reside with the repository. Literary rights
reside with the creators of the documents or their heirs. To
obtain permission to publish or reproduce, please contact the
Public Services Librarian of the Dept. of Special Collections.
Papers. M0580. Dept. of Special Collections, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, Calif.
Purchased 1986 and 1990.
Acquired from Salo W. Baron, 1986 and 1990.
Salo Wittmayer Baron was instrumental in establishing Jewish Studies as an academic discipline in the United States. An extraordinarily
prolific historian, Baron also played an exceptional role in American Jewish organizational life. Baron was born in 1895 in
Tarnow, now in Poland but then part of Austrian Galicia. His parents, Elias Baron and Minna Wittmayer Baron, were orthodox
Jews, and Elias Baron was a banker and Jewish community leader. Salo Baron had two sisters: Gisa (1892-1943) and Tanya (Tania,
"Toni") (1898-?). Both Gisa and the parents died in the Holocaust in 1943. Studying at the University of Vienna, Baron earned
doctorates in history (1917), political science (1922), and law (1923). Baron also completed a rabbinical degree from the
Jewish Theological Seminary in Vienna in 1920. After teaching at the Juedisches Paedagogium in Vienna from 1919 to 1926, Baron
left for the United States, where he joined the faculty of the Jewish Institute of Religion in New York. Baron was offered
the newly-created Miller Chair of Jewish History, Literature, and Institutions in 1930 by Columbia University, where he remained
for the rest of his career (emeritus after 1963). In 1936 Baron and Morris R. Cohen founded the Conference on Jewish Relations
(later called the Conference on Jewish Social Studies), which publishes the journal Jewish Social Studies. The author of more
than a dozen monographs and over 500 articles on Jewish history, Baron had an extraordinary range and scope. He was at home
in ancient, medieval, and modern history and could read twenty languages. His magnum opus was A Social and Religious History
of the Jews, which filled 18 volumes. Baron saw his scholarship as a corrective to what he termed "the lachrymose conception
of Jewish history." His work focused on the social history and cultural accomplishments of the Jews rather than on suffering
and pogroms. Baron also sought to reintegrate religious experience into the historical fabric of Jewish life. Beginning with
his work on the Permanent Minorities Commission of the League of Nations in 1925, Baron served on various international committees
during his long career. He founded and directed Jewish Cultural Reconstruction, an organization dedicated to identifying and
reclaiming Jewish cultural patrimony plundered by the Nazis. At the invitation of Ben Gurion, Baron testified at the Eichmann
trial in 1961. In addition, Baron directed or served as trustee for several academic institutions and organizations in this
country and in Israel.
Collection Scope and Content Summary
The Baron Papers comprise the personal, professional, and research material of Salo Baron and occupy approximately 398 linear
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Abramsky, Chimen, 1916-
Adler, Cyrus, 1863-1940.
Altmann, Alexander, 1906-
Ankori, Zvi, 1920-
Aptowitzer, Victor, 1871-1942.
Baeck, Leo, 1873-1956.
Barzilay, Isaac, 1915-
Ben-Horin, Meir, 1918-
Bernstein, S. (Simon), b. 1884.
Blau, Joseph L. (Joseph Leon), 1909-1986.
Blumenfield, Samuel U., 1901-1972.
Cohen, Arthur Allen, 1928-
Cohen, Morris Raphael, 1880-1947.
Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955.
Feigin, Samuel I. (Samuel Isaac), 1893-1950.
Finkelstein, Louis, 1895-
Friedmann, Philip, 1901-1960.
Gartner, Lloyd P., 1927-
Glatzer, Nahum Norbert, 1903-
Goitein, S.D., 1900-
Goldmann, Nahum, 1895-1982.
Grayzel, Solomon, 1896-1980.
Halpern, Israel, 1910-
Handlin, Oscar, 1915-
Karp, Abraham J.
Kisch, Guido, 1889-
Kohut, George Alexander, 1874-1933.
Konvitz, Milton Ridvas, 1908-
Lieberman, Saul, 1898-
Mahler, Raphael, 1899-
Marcus, Jacob Rader, 1896-
Marx, Alexander, 1878-1953.
Neusner, Jacob, 1932-
Orlinsky, Harry, Meyer, 1908-
Prinz, Joachim, 1902-
Roth, Cecil, 1899-1970.
Scholem, Gershom Gerhard, 1897-
Silberschlag, Eisig, 1903-
Spiegel, Shalom, 1899-
Starr, Joshua, 1907-1949.
Steinberg, Aaron, 1891-1975.
Stern, Selma, 1890-
Tartakower, Aryeh, 1897-1982.
Tèaubler, Eugen, 1879-1953.
Wischnitzer, Mark, 1882-1955.
Wischnitzer, Rachel, 1885-1989.
Wise, George Schneiweis, 1906-
Wise, Stephen Samuel, 1874-1949.
Yerushalmi, Yosef Hayim, 1932-
American Jewish Committee.
American Academy for Jewish Research.
American Jewish Congress.
American Jewish Historical Society.
Columbia University. Center for Israel and Jewish Studies.
Conference on Jewish Cultural Reconstruction.
Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
Conference on Jewish Relations (U.S.)
Conference on Jewish Social Studies (U.S.)
Emergency Committee for Displaced German Scholars.
Hebrew Union College (Cincinnati)
Hebrew University (Israel)
Institute of Jewish Religion (New York)
Jewish Cultural Reconstruction, Inc.
Jewish Pubication Society.
Jewish Theological Seminary (New York)
Memorial Foundation for Jewish Culture.
National Foundation for Jewish Culture.
National Jewish Welfare Board.
Tel-Aviv University (Israel)
Training Bureau for Jewish Communal Service.
Union Theological Seminary (New York)
World Jewish Congress.