Finding Aid for the Reverend Eto Mamoru Papers, 1918-1991

Processed by Yuji Ichioka and Eiichiro Azuma; machine-readable finding aid created by Caroline Cubé and edited by Josh Fiala.
UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections
Manuscripts Division
Room A1713, Charles E. Young Research Library
Box 951575
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1575
Email: spec-coll@library.ucla.edu
URL: http://www.library.ucla.edu/libraries/special/scweb/
© 2002
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.


Descriptive Summary

Title: Reverend Eto Mamoru Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1918-1991
Collection number: 297
Creator: Mamoru, Eto, 1883-1992
Extent: 15 boxes (7.5 linear ft.)
Abstract: Eto Mamoru was born in 1883, and was a native of Taketa City, Ōita prefecture in Japan. He graduated from Kōbe First Middle School and Nihon Taiiku Daigaku. He fought in the Russo-Japanese War from 1904-05. He was an instructor at Kwansei Gakuin Daigaku from 1914-17 then came to the United States in 1917 to study physical education. He was employed as an agricultural laborer, farmer, and gardener before becoming a Christian lay minister of the First Japanese Nazarene Church in Pasadena, California. He was interned at Gila River, Arizona during World War II. Afterwards he was officially ordained as a Nazarene Church minister in 1946, and lived in Seabrook and Bridgeton, New Jersey from 1944-80 and finally settled in California from 1980-92. In 1990 he was one of the first Issei recipients of wartime reparation. The collection consists of diaries (1918-20,1976-89), incoming correspondence files, religious records and notes, and personal memorabilia, including tapes of Sunday sermons by the Reverend Eto Mamoru. Portions of the collection are in Japanese.
Repository: University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.

Administrative Information

Restrictions on Access

COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF: Advance notice required for access.

Restrictions on Use and Reproduction

Copyright to portions of this collection has been assigned to the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections. The library can grant permission to publish for materials to which it holds the copyright. All requests for permission to publish or quote must be submitted in writing to the Manuscripts Librarian, Department of Special Collections.] Credit shall be given as follows: © The Regents of the University of California on behalf of the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections.

Provenance/Source of Acquisition

Gift of Joseph Eto, 1995.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Reverend Eto Mamoru Papers (Collection 297). Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, UCLA.

UCLA Catalog Record ID

UCLA Catalog Record ID: 4233358 

Biography

Eto Mamoru was born in 1883, and was a native of Taketa City, Ōita prefecture in Japan; graduated from Kōbe First Middle School and Nihon Taiiku Daigaku; fought in Russo-Japanese War, 1904-05; was baptized as a Christian in Japan; instructor, Kwansei Gakuin Daigaku, 1914-17; came to the United States in 1917 to study physical education; was employed as an agricultural laborer, farmer, and gardener before becoming a Christian lay minister of the First Japanese Nazarene Church in Pasadena, California; was interned at Gila River, Arizona during World War II; officially ordained as a Nazarene Church minister in 1946, and lived in Seabrook and Bridgeton, New Jersey from 1944-80; was naturalized in 1955; lived in California, 1980-92; became one of the first Issei recipients of wartime reparation, in 1990; he died in 1992.

Additional Biographical Narrative

Note

[characters] indicates Japanese characters included in the print version of this online finding aid, available for consultation at the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections.
Eto Mamoru [characters], 1883-1992. Issei Christian minister and longtime resident of California. Native, Taketa City, Ōita Prefecture [characters]. Graduate, Kōbe First Middle School [characters], and Nihon Taiiku Daigaku [characters]. Veteran, Russo-Japanese War, 1904-1905. Baptized as Christian in Japan. Instructor, Kwansei Gakuin Daigaku [characters], 1914-1917. Married, 1914. Wife, Tada Kura [characters], 1894-1942. Ten children: Hitoko, 1915-1994; Ken, 1919; Daniel, 1920; Joseph, 1921; Mitsuko, 1923; Mary, 1926; Esther, 1928-1988; Moses, 1929; David, 1931; and Ruth, 1931. Arrived in United States, 1917, to pursue studies in physical education. Sent for wife and eldest daughter, 1918. Variously employed as itinerant agriculture laborer, farmer, and gardener before becoming a Christian lay minister of the First Japanese Nazarene Church, Pasadena, California. Wife returned to Japan, 1933, and died there, 1942. Interned, Gila River, Arizona, during World War II. Official ordination as Nazarene Church minister, 1946, and resident of Seabrook and Bridgeton, New Jersey, 1944-1980. Naturalized, 1955. California resident, 1980-1992. One of the first Issei recipients of wartime reparation, 1990, Washington, D.C. at age of 107.

Scope and Content

Collection consists of diaries (1918-20,1976-89), incoming correspondence files, religious records and notes, and personal memorabilia, including tapes of Sunday sermons by the Reverend Eto Mamoru. Correspondence includes letters in English from Mamoru's children, and letters in Japanese from Issei Christian friends and associates, as well as from immediate family members living in Japan.
Portions of the collection are in Japanese.

Extended Scope and Content

The Eto Papers consist of diaries, 1918-1920, 1976-1989; incoming correspondence files, 1916-1991; religious records and notes; and personal memorabilia, including tapes of Sunday sermons. The incoming correspondence files include miscellaneous Japanese letters from Issei Christian friends and associates, English letters from Eto Mamoru's sons and daughters, and many Japanese letters from the following immediate family members living in Japan:
  • Eto Tsutomu [characters], younger brother of Mamoru
  • Eto Mitaka [characters], wife
  • Eto Katsuyoshi [characters], son
  • Tada Yujiro [characters], younger brother of Kura
  • Tada Yoshie [characters], wife
  • Tada Akiko [characters], daughter
  • Tada Yuichi [characters], son
  • Goto Hisaka [characters], younger sister of Mamoru
  • Goto Yoshio [characters], husband
  • Goto Iwao [characters], son
  • Goto Kenji [characters], son
  • Goto Hitoshi [characters], son

Organization and Arrangement

Arranged in the following series:
  1. Diaries (1918-20,1976-89) (Boxes 1-3).
  2. Incoming correspondence files (Boxes 4-6).
  3. Religious records (Boxes 7-9).
  4. Personal memorabilia (Boxes 10-15).

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

Subjects

Mamoru, Eto, 1883-1992--Archives.
Church of the Nazarene--Clergy--Archival resources.

Genres and Forms of Material

Diaries.

Related Material


Container List

box  [Boxes 1-3]

Diaries, 1918-1920, 1976-1989

Box 1, Folder 1

1918-January 6, 1920.

Box 1, Folder 2

August 28, 1976-1977.

Box 1, Folder 3

1978.

Box 1, Folder 4

1979.

Box 2, Folder 1

1980.

Box 2, Folder 2

1981.

Box 2, Folder 3

1982.

Box 2, Folder 4

1983.

Box 2, Folder 5

1984.

Box 3, Folder 1

1985.

Box 3, Folder 2

January 1-September 25, 1986.

Box 3, Folder 3

September 25, 1986-July 18, 1988.

Box 3, Folder 4

July 18, 1988-July 30, 1989.

box  [Boxes 4-6]

Incoming Correspondence Files

 

Letters and Postcards from the Eto Family Members and Relatives

Box 4, Folder 1

Eto Tsutomu, [Correspondence], 1926-1939.

Physical Description: 10 letters and 1 postcard.
Box 4, Folder 2

Eto Tsutomu, [Correspondence], 1948-1962.

Physical Description: 10 letters and 2 postcards.
Box 4, Folder 3

Eto Mitaka, [Correspondence], 1948-1952.

Physical Description: 4 letters.
Box 4, Folder 4

Eto Katsuyoshi, [Correspondence], 1948-1985.

Physical Description: 8 letters.
Box 4, Folder 5

Other family members, [Correspondence], 1949-1961.

Physical Description: 2 letters.
Box 4, Folder 6

Tada Yujiro, [Correspondence], 1927-1936.

Physical Description: 6 letters.
Box 4, Folder 7

Tada Yujiro, [Correspondence], 1948-1964.

Scope and Content Note

8 letters, including 4 enclosed letters from Tada Yoshie, 3 enclosed letters from Tada Akiko, and 1 letter from Tada Yuichi.
Box 4, Folder 8

Goto Hisaka, [Correspondence], 1948-1978.

Scope and Content Note

7 letters and 1 postcard, including 3 enclosed letters from Goto Yoshio, 1 enclosed letter from Goto Iwao, and 2 letters from Goto Kenji.
Box 4, Folder 9

Goto Hitoshi, [Correspondence], 1953-1961.

Physical Description: 3 letters and 1 postcard.
Box 4, Folder 10

Children of Eto Mamoru, [Correspondence], 1939-1991.

Physical Description: 14 letters.
Box 4, Folder 11

[Correspondence] from distant relatives, 1928-1984.

Physical Description: 5 letters and 1 postcard.
Box 4, Folder 12

[Correspondence] from distant relatives, 1957-1961.

Physical Description: 8 letters.
 

Miscellaneous Letters and Postcards from Japan

Box 5, Folder 1

[Correspondence], 1916-1917.

Physical Description: 1 letter and 3 postcards.
Box 5, Folder 2

[Correspondence], 1918-1941.

Physical Description: 10 letters and 1 postcard.
Box 5, Folder 3

[Correspondence], 1949-1952.

Physical Description: 4 letters and 3 postcards.
Box 5, Folder 4

[Correspondence], 1953-1959.

Physical Description: 8 letters.
Box 5, Folder 5

[Correspondence], 1961-1968.

Physical Description: 15 letters and 5 postcards.
Box 5, Folder 6

[Correspondence], 1975-1979.

Physical Description: 3 letters and 2 postcards.
Box 5, Folder 7

[Correspondence], 1980-1990.

Physical Description: 10 letters and 2 postcards.
Box 5, Folder 8

Takashima Kiyoshi, [Correspondence], 1986-1991.

Physical Description: 5 letters.
Box 5, Folder 9

Kwansei Gakuin Daigaku, [Correspondence], 1985-1991.

Physical Description: 9 letters and 1 postcard.
 

Miscellaneous Letters and Postcards from Issei Christians and Others

Box 6, Folder 1

Oishi Shigeji, [Correspondence], 1919-1921.

Physical Description: 3 letters and 1 postcard.
Box 6, Folder 2

Murata Chiyozo, [Correspondence], 1921.

Physical Description: 4 letters.
Box 6, Folder 3

Nakata Juji, [Correspondence], 1920-1934.

Physical Description: 4 letters and 1 postcard.
Box 6, Folder 4

[Correspondence], 1921-1941.

Physical Description: 13 letters.
Box 6, Folder 5

[Correspondence], 1946-1956.

Physical Description: 11 letters and 2 postcards.
Box 6, Folder 6

[Correspondence], 1957-1959.

Physical Description: 8 letters and 3 postcards.
Box 6, Folder 7

[Correspondence], 1960-1962.

Physical Description: 10 letters.
Box 6, Folder 8

[Correspondence], 1964-1967.

Physical Description: 5 letters and 1 postcard.
Box 6, Folder 9

[Correspondence], 1970-1978.

Physical Description: 2 letters and 2 postcards.
Box 6, Folder 10

[Correspondence], 1980-1983.

Physical Description: 9 letters and 1 postcard.
Box 6, Folder 11

[Correspondence], 1985-1990.

Physical Description: 10 letters and 1 postcard.
Box 6, Folder 12

[Correspondence], n.d.

Physical Description: 10 letters and 2 postcards.
box  [Boxes 7-9]

Religious Records

 

Church Records and Lecture Notes, 1920s-1930s

Box 7, Folder 1

Livingston Holiness Mission records, 1920s.

Physical Description: 3 items.
Box 7, Folder 2

Livingston Holiness Mission records, 1920s.

Physical Description: 2 items.
Box 7, Folder 3

Sickbed notes and essays, 1934.

Physical Description: 2 items.
Box 7, Folder 4

Sermon notes and Hollywood and Pasadena Church records, ca. 1934-1936.

Physical Description: 3 items.
Box 7, Folder 5

Lecture notes and religious notes, ca. 1930s.

Physical Description: 3 items.
 

Bible School Records and Lecture Notes, 1942-1949

Box 8, Folder 1

Bible School lecture notes and records, 1942-1944.

Physical Description: 3 items.
Box 8, Folder 2

Bible School lecture notes and records, 1944-1945, 1947.

Physical Description: 3 items.
Box 8, Folder 3

Sermon and service records, 1944-1947.

Physical Description: 2 items.
Box 8, Folder 4

Sermon and service records, 1947-1948, 1949.

Physical Description: 2 items.
Box 8, Folder 5

Bible lecture notebooks, ca. 1946-1949.

Physical Description: 3 items.
Box 8, Folder 6

Various religious records, ca. 1943-1946.

Physical Description: 3 items.
Box 8, Folder 7

Bible School attendance records, ca. 1942-1947.

Physical Description: 3 items.
 

Miscellaneous Religious Items, 1950s-1980s

Box 9, Folder 1

Religious notes, ca. 1950s.

Box 9, Folder 2

Lecture notes and religious essays, ca. 1950s-1960s.

Box 9, Folder 3

Lecture notes and religious essays, ca. 1970s.

Box 9, Folder 4

Lecture notes, ca. 1980s.

Box 9, Folder 5

Miscellaneous religious and personal notes, ca. 1960s-1980s.

Box 9, Folder 6

Miscellaneous religious and personal notebooks, ca. 1979-1981.

Physical Description: 6 items.
box  [Boxes 10-15]

Personal Memorabilia

Box 10, Folder 1

Eto Mamoru resumés and Eto Kura resumé.

Box 10, Folder 2

Autobiographical essays.

Physical Description: 3 items.
Box 10, Folder 3

United States passports and wartime identification cards.

Physical Description: 3 items.
Box 10, Folder 4

Certificate of Ordination by the Church of the Nazarene, August 2, 1946.

Box 10, Folder 5

Certificate of Naturalization, April 25, 1955.

Box 10, Folder 6

Papers pertaining to Wartime Redress and Reparation.

Box 10, Folder 7

Papers pertaining to “Centennial Christian Anniversary of Japanese Protestantism” held in Tokyo, October 1959.

Box 10, Folder 8

Commendation and testimonial from the Governor of Ōita Prefecture.

Box 10, Folder 9

Invitation to the reception of the Emperor and Empress of Japan at the White House, October 2, 1975.

Box 10, Folder 10

Eto Mamoru funeral program and obituaries, February 21, 1992.

Box 10, Folder 11

Address books.

Box 11, Folder 1

Newspaper clippings and magazine articles.

Box 11, Folder 2

[Correspondence] written by Eto Mamoru, 1977-1988.

Physical Description: 3 letters and 2 postcards.
Box 11, Folder 3

Photo album.

Box 11, Folder 4

Name cards.

Box 11, Folder 5

Miscellaneous materials.

Box 12, Folder 1

Documents pertaining to nursing home.

Box 12, Folder 2

Documents pertaining to Social Security benefits.

Box 12, Folder 3

Documents pertaining to medical care.

Box 12, Folder 4

Financial documents.

Box 12, Folders 5-7

Bank records.

 

Materials Pertaining to Kōbe High School and Nihon Taiiku Daigaku

Box 13, Folder 1

4 Kōbe High School Alumni Association journals.

Box 13, Folder 2

7 Nihon Taiiku Daigaku Alumni Association News.

Box 13, Folder 3

2 Nihon Taiiku Daigaku Alumni Association journals.

Box 13, Folder 4

Centennial, 1891-1991 [characters] (Nihon Taiiku Daigaku centennial memorial book) and a Centennial program.

 

Materials Pertaining to Kwansei Gakuin Daigaku

Box 14, Folder 1

Shiryoshitsu Dayori [characters], no.1-6.

Box 14, Folder 2

Crescent, 1979 and 1981.

Scope and Content Note

  • vol.3, no.2 (September 1979).
  • Special Spring Edition (1981).
Box 14, Folder 3

Crescent, 1981 and 1985.

Scope and Content Note

  • vol.5, no.1 (Summer 1981).
  • vol.9, no.1 (Summer 1985).
  • vol.9, no.2 (Winter 1985).
Box 14, Folder 4

Kwansei Gakuin Sukoyaka no Rekishi [characters].

Box 14, Folder 5

Papers pertaining to Kwansei Gakuin Centennial.

Box 14, Folder 6

Century History: 1889-1989 [characters].

Box 15, Folder 1

Religious notes, essays, and prayers, ca. 1960s.

Box 15, Folder 2

Calligraphy practices.

Box 15, Folder 3

14 audiocassette tapes of sermons and Shigin practice.