During the 1910s, the Klan, which had
been defunct since the concluding decades of the 19
century, was revived in Atlanta, Georgia and spread across the country within a decade.
The Klan's revival was due in part to urbanization and industrialization. Many
Klansmen in the 1920s – 1940s were lower to middle class whites who sought to protect
their jobs and neighborhoods, both from black migrants moving out of the South and new
immigrants arriving in industrial cities, particularly those from Southern and Eastern
Europe who tended to be Catholic and Jewish. This collection of materials from the Realm
of California primarily includes by-laws, correspondence, and publications.
The Ku Klux Klan is a far-right organization which advocates extremist reactionary
currents such as white supremacy and white nationalism, and is opposed to immigration.
The first Ku Klux Klan, founded in 1865 in Pulaski, Tennessee, was primarily made up of
Confederate veterans of the American Civil War and operated under a decentralized
structure in which local chapters and bands were highly independent. The first Klan was
essentially defunct by the late 19th century.
Copyright for unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s)
of this collection has not been transferred to California State University,
Northridge. Copyright status for other materials is unknown. Transmission or
reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond
that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners.
Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of
the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
The collection is open for research use.