Scope and Contents
Title: Bula Sobre del Mar Oceano, Mayo 4, 1493 Copy
Identifier/Call Number: MS.726
Autry National Center, Braun Research Library
Language of Material:
0.1 linear feet
Date (inclusive): 1915-1916
This is a hand-written copy made circa 1915 by Frederick Webb Hodge of the Papal Bull issued by Pope Alexander VI in 1493
regarding the "Line of Demarcation." Document is in Spanish.
Alexander, VI, Pope, 1431-1503
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956
Bula Sobre del Mar Oceano, Mayo 4, 1493 Copy, circa 1915-1916, Braun Research Library Collection, Autry National Center, Los Angeles; MS.726.
Processed by Library staff before 1981. Finding aid completed by Holly Rose Larson, NHPRC Processing Archivist, 2012 November
15, made possible through grant funding from the National Historical Publications and Records Commissions (NHPRC).
Note on front cover verso: Dr. Hodge gave this copy to Lummis about the time they worked together on the Benavides Memorial,
between 1915-1916. Received in Library 1943.
Scope and Contents
This is a hand-written copy made by Frederick Webb Hodge of the Papal Bull issued by Pope Alexander VI in 1493 regarding the
"Line of Demarcation." Document is in Spanish.
This bull addressed the definition of a meridian west which all lands "found and find" belong to the kings of Castile and
Leon. This was a change favorable to the Catholic Monarchs over the brief Inter cetera, which had stipulated that belonging
to the Castilian crown were only lands discovered by sailors Castilians. Other minor additions were a clearer reference to
mainland (terras signatures) and words of praise to Columbus.
The Bull Inter Caetera defines the territories given to Castile and Leon in the following way "... All islands and mainlands
discovered and undiscovered, found and find, to the west and south, making and forming a line from the Arctic pole, namely
the north, to the Antarctic pole, namely the south, they are both on the mainland and on islands discovered and undiscovered
to India or to another anywhere, which line gave any of the islands that are called vulgarly the Azores and Cape Verde hundred
leagues towards the west and the south, which by another king or Christian prince were not already owned prior to Christmas
day of our Lord Jesus Christ last, in which begins this year, 1493 ... "
Donated to the library as part of the Charles Fletcher Lummis collection, 1932 December. Dr. Hodge gave this copy to Lummis
about the time they worked together on the Benavides "Memorial" -- 1915-1916.
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Subjects and Indexing Terms
Demarcation line of Alexander VI
Land tenure -- Latin America
Land tenure -- North America
North America -- Discovery and exploration