Guide to the David L. Rosenhan Papers

Daniel Hartwig & Elspeth Olson
Stanford University Libraries Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Stanford, California
August 2012
Copyright © 2012 The Board of Trustees of Stanford University. All rights reserved.


Overview

Call Number: SC1116
Creator: Rosenhan, David L., 1929-2012.
Title: David L. Rosenhan papers
Dates: circa 1970-1990
Physical Description: 12 Linear feet
Language(s): The materials are in English.
Repository: Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Stanford University Libraries
557 Escondido Mall
Stanford, CA 94305-6064
Email: speccollref@stanford.edu
Phone: (650) 725-1022
URL: http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/spc/spc.html

Administrative Information

Information about Access

The materials are open for research use. Audio-visual materials are not available in original format, and must be reformatted to a digital use copy.

Ownership & Copyright

All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Special Collections and University Archives, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, California 94305-6064. Consent is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner, heir(s) or assigns. See: http://library.stanford.edu/depts/spc/pubserv/permissions.html.
Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

Cite As

[identification of item], David L. Rosenhan Papers (SC1116). Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, Calif.

Biographical/Historical note

David L. Rosenhan (1929 – February 6, 2012) was a psychologist and pioneer in the application of psychological methods to the practice of trial law process, including jury selection and jury consultation. Rosenhan was the author of more than 80 books and research papers, including one of the most widely read studies in the field of psychology, “On Being Sane in Insane Places” (1973). He is best known for the Rosenhan experiment, a study challenging the validity of psychiatry diagnoses.
Born in Jersey City, New Jersey, David L. Rosenhan was a yeshiva student in his youth and received a BA in mathematics (1951) from Yeshiva College, and an MA in economics (1953) and PhD in psychology (1958) from Columbia University
Before joining the Stanford faculty, David Rosenhan was a member of the faculties of Swarthmore College, Princeton University, Haverford College, and University of Pennsylvania. He also served as a research psychologist at Educational Testing Service. He was a psychologist for the Counseling Center at Stevens Institute of Technology from 1954 to 1956; a lecturer at Hunter College and director of research in the Department of Psychiatry at City Hospital at Elmhurst from 1958 to 1960; assistant professor for the Departments of Psychology and Sociology at Haverford College from 1960 to 1962; lecturer for the Department of Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania from 1961 to 1964; lecturer for the Department of Psychology at Princeton University from 1964 to 1968; and professor in the Department of Psychology and Education at Swarthmore College from 1968 to 1970.
In 1973 Rosenhan published "On Being Sane in Insane Places", one of the most widely read articles in the field of psychology. The article details the Rosenhan experiment. The experiment arranged for eight individuals with no history of psychopathology to attempt admission into twelve psychiatric hospitals during a three-year period. They described hallucinations and “empty” feelings and were diagnosed as paranoid schizophrenics. As soon as they were admitted they began acting normally and waited for the hospital staff to notice. The hospital staff never did notice, although many of the real patients caught on to the fakes. Psychiatrists attempted to treat the individuals using psychiatric medication. All eight were discharged within 7 to 52 days, but only when they had stated that they accepted their diagnosis. In a later part of the study, a research and teaching hospital challenged Rosenhan to run a similar experiment involving its own diagnosis and admission procedures. Psychiatric staff were warned that at least one pseudo-patient might be sent to their institution. 83 out of 193 new patients were believed by at least one staff member to be actors. In fact, Rosenhan sent no actors. The study concluded that existing forms of diagnosis were grossly inaccurate in distinguishing individuals without mental disorders from those with mental disorders. Rosenhan wrote, “It is clear that we cannot distinguish the sane from the insane in psychiatric hospitals. … The consequences to patients hospitalized in such an environment—the powerlessness, depersonalization, segregation, mortification, and self-labeling—seem undoubtedly counter-therapeutic.”. The paper created an explosion of controversy. Critics have questioned the validity and credibility of the study, but concede that the consistency of psychiatric diagnoses needs improvement.
At a time when legal scholars were just beginning to look to economics for insights into legal analysis, Professor Rosenhan was among the first to draw from the social sciences, especially experimental psychology, to examine assumptions made by legal scholars in the trial process. Building on research on juror behavior undertaken by the University of Chicago Law School Jury Project in the 1950s, Professor Rosenhan began to focus on other aspects of juror behavior. Among his interests was the jurors’ ability to abide by the judge’s instructions to disregard evidence the judge had ruled inadmissible.
Along with Martin Seligman, Rosenhan believed that there are seven main features of abnormality: suffering; maladaptiveness; vividness and unconventionality; unpredictability and loss of control; irrationality and incomprehensibility; observer discomfort; and violation of moral and ideal standards.
He was a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science; a former president of the American Psychological Association; a former director of the American Psychology-Law Society; a former president of the American Board of Forensic Psychology; a former vice-president of the Institute for Psychosocial Interaction; a former director at the Mental Research Institute; member of the Clinical Projects Research Review Committee at the National Institute of Mental Health; visiting fellow at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Wolfson College and Department of Experimental Psychology at Oxford University from 1977 to 1978; visiting professor at University of Western Australia, Tel Aviv University, and Oxford University from 1984-1985; and a visiting professor in the Department of Psychology at Georgetown University in 1988.
He died on February 6, 2012, at the age of 82. He was survived by his son Jack Rosenhan and his granddaughters Cecily and Yael, as well as his brother Hershel.

Access Terms

Stanford University. Dept. of Psychology--Faculty.
Stanford University. Dept. of Psychology
Stanford University. School of Law.
Community mental health services.
Law--Study and teaching--United States
Psychology--Study and teaching (Graduate) --California --Stanford.
Psychology.


Collection Contents

 

Grants

Box 3, Folder 1

Loose Items

Box 3, Folder 2

LANG MH10993-08

Box 3, Folder 3

Effectiveness of Individual Psychotherapy

Box 3, Folder 4

Windholz

Box 3, Folder 5

Expectancy and desensitization in the treatment of fear

Box 3, Folder 6

Cognitive Control of Anger and Aggression

Box 3, Folder 7

Neurophysiologic Correlates of Autistic Behavior

Box 3, Folder 8

Janis, Irving

Box 3, Folder 9

Factors Influencing Tolerance of Deprivation

Box 3, Folder 10

Psychologic, Immunologic and Pharmacological Aspects of Asthma

Box 3, Folder 11

Psychologic, Pharmacologic and Immunologic Interactions in Asthma

Box 3, Folder 12

Behavioral Treatment Approaches to Schizophrenia

Box 3, Folder 13

Function of the Human Potential Movement

Box 3, Folder 14

Progress Report appendix (Kanfer, Frederick)

Box 3, Folder 15

Human Self-Regulation

Box 3, Folder 16

The Nature of Schizophrenic Thought Disorders

Box 3, Folder 17

Aversion and Interpersonal Factors in Smoking Control

Box 3, Folder 18

Social Interaction of Deviant Preschool Children

Box 3, Folder 19

Comparison of Pre-sleep and "Extrasensory" Stimuli in Dreams

Box 3, Folder 20

Bootstrapping the Schizoid Taxon with MMPI Patterns

Box 4, Folder 2

Sleep Disturbance in Depressive Disorders

Box 4, Folder 3

Voluntary Control Over Psycho-physiologic Activities

Box 4, Folder 4

Information Processing and Schizophrenia

Box 4, Folder 5

Treatment of Asthma by Behavioral Desensitization (RG)

Box 4, Folder 6

Clinical Decision Behaviors in Psychiatric Diagnosis

Box 4, Folder 7

Assessing and Modifying Social Behavior in a Hospital

Box 4, Folder 8

Depression: A Clinical Research Approach

Box 4, Folder 9

Psychophysiological Family Research

Box 4, Folder 10

Hypertensive Pressures During Psychological Study

Box 4, Folder 11

Hyperactive Behavior in Girls

Box 4, Folder 12

Correspondence to Grant Applications Borrowed By Beverly Rose

Box 4, Folder 13

Cognitive Response to Psychological Stress

Box 4, Folder 14

Sensory Regulation Aspects of Aggressive Behavior

Box 4, Folder 15

Modifications of Defenses in Psychoanalysis

Box 4, Folder 16

Defective Epinephrine Mobilization in Bronchial Asthma

Box 4, Folder 17

Infantile Autism: Methodological Studies of Diagnosis

Box 4, Folder 18

Perceptual and Proprioceptive Dysfunction in Schizophrenia

Box 4, Folder 19

Feminine Identity in Adolescent Girls

Box 4, Folder 20

Factors Influencing Tolerance for Deprivation

Box 4, Folder 21

Behaviorial Treatment of Childhood Gender Problems

Box 5, Folder 1

Grants 1972-1973

Box 5, Folder 2

MH 24477-01

Box 5, Folder 3

Therapeutic efficacy in anxiety syndromes

Box 5, Folder 4

Behavior modification in childhood asthma

Box 5, Folder 5

Further studies on sleep utterance

Box 5, Folder 6

Dependency and deprivation of obesity

Box 5, Folder 7

Associative disorder and schizophrenic predisposition

Box 5, Folder 8

Therapy methods for the lower class neurotic patient

Box 5, Folder 9

Developmental Factors in Schizophrenia

Box 5, Folder 10

Genetic Analysis of Schizophrenic Families

Box 5, Folder 11

Data Bank to Assess Psychiatric Theory Outcomes

Box 5, Folder 12

A Genetic-Epidemiologic Study of Presenile Dementia

Box 5, Folder 13

Studies of Early Infantile Autism and Controls

Box 5, Folder 14

Treatment of Asthma through Conditioning

Box 5, Folder 15

Assessment of Interpersonal Behavior

Box 5, Folder 16

Videotape Feedback in Psychotherapy

Box 5, Folder 17

Cognitive Response to Psychological Stress

Box 5, Folder 18

Evaluation of Behavior training as a Therapy Approach

Box 5, Folder 19

Arousal, Retrieval, and Autism

Box 5, Folder 20

Affective Disorders in Children

Box 5, Folder 21

Misc 1972-1973

Box 6, Folder 1

Grants 1973-1974

Box 6, Folder 2

Learned helplessness and depression

Box 6, Folder 3

Learned Helplessness and Depression

Box 6, Folder 4

Seligman MH19604-04

Box 6, Folder 5

Adolescent Behavioral Classification Project (ABCP)

Box 6, Folder 6

Communication of Symptomatic Complaints

Box 6, Folder 7

Social Competence and Behavioral Style in Mental Patients

Box 6, Folder 8

Social Competence and Behavior in mental patients

Box 6, Folder 9

Mother-Child antecedents to schizophrenic development

Box 6, Folder 10

An Outcome and Process Study of Intensive Therapy

Box 6, Folder 11

Pre-Sleep and "Extrasensory" Stimuli in Dreams 1973-1974

Box 6, Folder 12

An Optimum A-B Scale of Psychotherapist Effectiveness

Box 6, Folder 13

An Optimum A-B Scale fo Psychotherapist Effectiveness

Box 6, Folder 14

Adjustment of Children of Schizophrenic Parents

Box 6, Folder 15

Body Movement Aspects of Personality and Social Role

Box 6, Folder 16

Dimensions and Validity of Depression Scales

Box 5, Folder 22

Self-Change and Coping in Response to Crisis

Box 5, Folder 23

Outcome Variables in Group Psychotherapy

Box 4, Folder 1

Psychobehavioral Effects of Sleep Pattern Variation

 

Research

Box 7, Folder 1

Loren Chapman, Related to: MH 24797-01

Box 7, Folder 2

Small, Joyce G. MH 14638-04

Box 7, Folder 3

Rubins, Jack L. MH 19606-01

Box 7, Folder 4

Loose items

Box 7, Folder 5

Supervised Visitation

Box 7, Folder 6

Encoding+Recall; Lawrence, Kavanagh

Box 7, Folder 7

Moore, Underwood, Rosenhan

Box 7, Folder 8

Seligman-Rosenhan Abnormal Text

Box 7, Folder 9

Fusting/Norton

Box 7, Folder 10

Abnormal Text Correspondence: Norton Publishers

Box 7, Folder 11

HRW Publications Schedule - Contract List

Box 7, Folder 12

Chansky-Freeman

Box 7, Folder 13

Ekman

Box 8, Folder 1

SANE Correspondence A-L

Box 8, Folder 2

SANE Correspondence M-Z

Box 8, Folder 3

H.H. Notes

Box 8, Folder 4

Norristown Hospital Notes

Box 8, Folder 5

Characteristics of Hospitals (folder 1)

Box 8, Folder 6

Characteristics of Hospitals (folder 2)

Box 8, Folder 7

Stanton Wheeler letters

Box 8, Folder 8

Obedience Write-Up

Box 8, Folder 9

Obedience Sample Typed Protocols

Box 8, Folder 10

Obedience Raw Data

Box 8, Folder 11

Obediance Experiment Data & Frequency Data

Box 8, Folder 12

Obediance Data Graphs and Analysis

Box 8, Folder 13

Obediance, Reliability of Ratings of Interviews - credibility

Box 8, Folder 14

Obediance, Reliability of Ratings of Interviews

Box 8, Folder 15

Obediance SS and Code

Box 8, Folder 16

Obediance Interview Ratings - Hipp

Box 8, Folder 17

Obediance Data and Analysis

Box 8, Folder 18

Obediance Daily Data Sheet

Box 8, Folder 19

Obediance Analysis of Interviews Glen White

Box 8, Folder 20

Obediance Personality Data

Box 8, Folder 21

Obediance and Rebellion

Box 8, Folder 22

Contextual Nature of Psychiatric Diagnosis

Box 8, Folder 23

Photo of Samcattor

Box 8, Folder 24

Madness: In the Eye of the Beholder

Box 8, Folder 25

Some Perceptual Correlates of Anxiety

Box 7, Folder 14

Haritos-Fatouros

 

Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 1

Correspondence 1989-1990 1989-1990

Box 1, Folder 2

A 1989-1990

Box 1, Folder 3

B 1989-1990

Box 1, Folder 4

C 1989-1990

Box 1, Folder 5

D 1989-1990

Box 1, Folder 6

E-F 1989-1990

Box 1, Folder 7

G 1989-1990

Box 1, Folder 8

H 1989-1990

Box 1, Folder 9

I-J 1989-1990

Box 1, Folder 10

K 1989-1990

Box 1, Folder 11

L 1989-1990

Box 1, Folder 12

M 1989-1990

Box 1, Folder 13

N 1989-1990

Box 1, Folder 14

O 1989-1990

Box 1, Folder 15

P-Q 1989-1990

Box 2, Folder 1

Ostrom

Box 2, Folder 2

O'Karma, Henry

Box 2, Folder 3

Olesen, Virginia

Box 2, Folder 4

Ongirski-Lehnhoff, Hannelore

Box 2, Folder 5

Opton, Edward

Box 2, Folder 6

Orne, Martin

Box 2, Folder 7

Osborne, J.E.

Box 2, Folder 8

Osherson, Daniel

Box 2, Folder 9

Ostrom, Thomas

Box 2, Folder 10

Owen, Alan

Box 2, Folder 11

Obeso, Kenneth

Box 2, Folder 12

Clare, Diane (Proseminar, Inc.)

Box 2, Folder 13

Phelps and Clark

Box 2, Folder 14

Paloutzian, Eunice

Box 2, Folder 15

Pascal, Christopher

Box 2, Folder 16

Patterson, Henry

Box 2, Folder 17

Payton, Carolyn

Box 2, Folder 18

Peterson, Lizette

Box 2, Folder 19

Peterson, Mary

Box 2, Folder 20

Placone, Richard

Box 2, Folder 21

Plenum Pub. Co.

Box 2, Folder 22

Polak, Paul

Box 2, Folder 23

Protsik, Ralph

Box 2, Folder 24

Psych. Comm. Proj.

Box 2, Folder 25

Public Advocates

Box 2, Folder 26

R

Box 2, Folder 27

S

Box 2, Folder 28

T

Box 2, Folder 29

Talpers, Jeanne

Box 2, Folder 30

U

Box 2, Folder 31

V

Box 2, Folder 32

W

Box 2, Folder 33

XYZ

Box 2, Folder 34

Correspondence Prior to 1974 (1 of 7)

Box 2, Folder 35

Correspondence Prior to 1974 (2 of 7)

Box 2, Folder 36

Correspondence Prior to 1974 (3 of 7)

Box 2, Folder 37

Correspondence Prior to 1974 (4 of 7)

Box 2, Folder 38

Correspondence Prior to 1974 (5 of 7)

Box 2, Folder 39

Correspondence Prior to 1974 (6 of 7)

Box 2, Folder 40

Correspondence Prior to 1974 (7 of 7)

Box 1, Folder 16

R

Box 1, Folder 17

S