Finding aid for the Hungarian Anti-Semitic legal documents 6070
Finding aid prepared by Sue Luftschein
USC Libraries Special Collections2014 May
Doheny Memorial Library 206
3550 Trousdale Parkway
Los Angeles, California, 90089-0189
Title: Hungarian Anti-Semitic legal documents
Collection number: 6070
Contributing Institution: USC Libraries Special Collections
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 0.98 Linear feet 1 box; 4 documents
Date: 1939, 1942
Abstract: 4 documents produced in Hungary in support of the enforcement of the Anti-Jewish Laws, which Hungary began enacting after 1938.
Hungary had an official policy of anti-Semitism and during the 1930s, anti-Jewish policies grew increasingly repressive as Hungarian leaders chose to align with the fascist governments of Germany and Italy. After 1938, Hungry passed a series of anti-Jewish legislations that were based on Germany's Nuremberg Laws. In 1941, Hungary entered the war on the side of Nazi Germany. Before the German occupation of Hungary on March 19, 1944, approximately 100,000 Jewish men were mobilized for forced labor; around 40,000 of them did not survive. The ghettoization and deportation of Jews did not start until the German occupation; but in just eight weeks in 1944, 437,000 Hungarian Jews were deported with the full cooperation of the Hungarian government.
See also Anonymous Hungarian Jew diary, Collection no. 6071.
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[Box/folder# or item name], Hungarian Anti-Semitic legal documents, Collection no. 6057, Special Collections, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
Purchased from Eric Chaim Kline, April 19, 2014.
4 documents produced in Hungary in support of the enforcement of the Anti-Jewish Laws:
1) Bill on the limitation of Jewish expansion in public and economic spheres. Passed by the House of Representatives (Budapest, 1939). This is an official copy of the first "Jewish Law" that was enacted on May 5, 1939 that defined Jews as a race.
2) The implementation of the land policy provisions of the second Jewish law. Detailed explanation of Regulation 8360/1929 ME... (Budapest, 1939). This document contains the detailed explanation of this regulation featured in the Second Jewish Law enacted on May 5, 1939, which expropriated land belonging to Hungarian Jews.
3) Act IV, 1939. Official text of the Second Jewish Law, which defined the term "Jewish" on racial grounds and restricted employment. The First and Second Jewish Laws laid the groundwork for the eventual extermination of two-thirds of Hungarian Jewry.
4) The Jewish Law (1939. IV TC) and its implementing regulations. Edited, Annotated and Collated by the Practice of the Administrative Court of the Royal Kingdom of Hungary (Budapest, 1942). This is the last revised and updated edition of the Second Jewish Law (Act IV 1939).
Subjects and Indexing Terms
Antisemitism--Hungary--20th century--Archival resources
Hungary--History--20th century--Archival resources
Jews, Hungarian--20th century--Archival resources
Jews--Persecutions--Hungary--20th century--Archival resources