Finding Aid to the Hugh Lenox Scott Collection MS.697

Finding aid prepared by Holly Rose Larson
Autry National Center, Braun Research Library
234 Museum Drive
Los Angeles, CA, 90065-5030
323-221-2164
rroom@theautry.org
2012 November 9


Title: Hugh Lenox Scott Collection
Identifier/Call Number: MS.697
Contributing Institution: Autry National Center, Braun Research Library
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 0.1 linear feet (1 folder)
Date (inclusive): 1915-circa 1927
Abstract: This collection contains correspondence and memorandum regarding General Hugh L. Scott. Original correspondence dates from 1915-1930, and no dates exist on the copies. One letter is from Reuben Spotted Horse to Russel Crane, regarding the medal given to Reuben Spotted Horse from Thomas Jefferson via General Scott.
creator: Crane, Russell
creator: Spotted Horse, Reuben, 1891?-

Custodial History

Loaned by Russell Crane, 1930 August 1; purchased by Museum 1959 February.

Preferred citation

Hugh Lenox Scott Collection, 1915-circa 1927, Braun Research Library Collection, Autry National Center, Los Angeles; MS.697.

Processing history

Processed by Library staff after 1981. Finding aid completed by Holly Rose Larson, NHPRC Processing Archivist, 2012 November 9, made possible through grant funding from the National Historical Publications and Records Commissions (NHPRC).

Acquisition

Purchased from Russell Crane, 1959 February; acquisitions through the Munk Library of Arizoniana.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains correspondence and memorandum regarding General Hugh L. Scott. Original correspondence dates from 1915-1930, and no dates exist on the copies. One letter is from Reuben Spotted Horse to Russel Crane, regarding the medal given to Reuben Spotted Horse from Thomas Jefferson via General Scott. There are two carbon copies of General Scott's letter of 11 March 1915, and two photostatic copies of his letter (which includes a report of his activities concerning the arrest of Paiute Indians in Utah) dated 3 April 1915.

Use

Copyright has not been assigned to the Autry National Center. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Autry Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Autry National Center as the custodian of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Access

Collection is open for research. Appointments to view materials are required. To make an appointment please visit http://theautry.org/research/research-rules-and-application or contact library staff at rroom@theautry.org.

Biographical note

Hugh Lenox Scott (1853, September 22 – 1934, April 30) was a post-Civil War West Point graduate who served as superintendent of West Point from 1906 to 1910, and Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1914 to 1917, including the first few months of American involvement in World War I.
He graduated from West Point in 1876 and was commissioned in the Cavalry. For some twenty years thereafter he served on the Western frontier, chiefly with the 7th United States Cavalry. Scott was sent out to the Little Big Horn battle site to mark gravesites for Custer's men killed in the battle. He also had the opportunity to interview many of the Native Americans who fought on both sides on that hot June 25, 1876 day. He saw action in campaigns against the Sioux, Nez Perce, Cheyenne and other Indians of the Plains and became an expert in their languages and ways of life.
In 1890-91 he was given the responsibility for suppressing the "Ghost Dance" religious movement that swept the Indian Reservations and received official commendation for that work. In 1892, he organized Troop L of the 7th Cavalry, composed of Kiowa, Comanche and Apache Indians, and commanded it until it was mustered out, the last Indian Troop in the United States Army, in 1897. In 1894-97, he had charge of Geronimo's band of Chiricahua Apache Indian prisoners at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.
In November 1897 he was attached to the Bureau of American Ethnology of the Smithsonian Institution, where he began preparing a work on Indian sign languages. Between 1903 and 1906, he served as Military Governor of the Sulu Archipelago, Philippines, also commanding troops there, taking part in various skirmishes. He next commanded the 3rd U.S. Cavalry in Texas, engaged in settling various Indian troubles. In March 1913 he was promoted to Brigadier General in command of the 2nd Cavalry Brigade, still posted to the Southwest. He won special commendation for his handling of Navajo disturbances at Beautiful Mountain, Arizona, in November 1913. He continued to act in a diplomatic role with Indians and Mexican Border officials in the Southwest, settling problems with the Paiute Indians of Utah in March 1915 and recovering property "confiscated" by Pancho Villa in August. He retired finally in May 1919 and served on the Board of Indian Commissioners from 1919 to 1929. He died at Washington, D.C. on April 30, 1934

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826
Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934
Correspondence
Indians of North America
Memorandums
Paiute Indians
Soldiers -- United States
United States. Army. Cavalry
Utah -- History