William Hayward Pickering was the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Director from 1954-1976. He oversaw the Explorer, Ranger,
Surveyor, Mariner, Mercury, Viking and Voyager missions. Following retirement he was involved in private industry including
the Research Institutes of Saudi Arabia's University of Petroleum and Minerals, the Pickering Research Corporation, and Lignetics,
Inc. He received the National Medal of Science among many other awards.
William H. Pickering (WHP) was born in Wellington, New Zealand, December 24, 1910. He received his Bachelor of Science degree
from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in 1932 and his Master of Science degree, (Physics) in 1933. He was
a Coffin Fellow 1933-35 and received his Doctorate degree (Physics) in 1936. He lectured at Caltech and the University of
Southern California (USC) during the intervening years in the fields of physical sciences, electrical engineering, cosmic
rays, microwave propagation, cosmic ray engineering, and cosmic ray sondes. Pickering became a naturalized citizen of the
United States in 1941.
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