Correspondence and business papers belonging to the shipping merchant Moses Brown in relation to his business in the West
Indies, Spain, and Portugal.
Moses Brown was born in 1742 and raised on the Brown farm in West Newbury, Massachusetts. Brown learned the carriage trade
as a boy and later moved to Newburyport, where he established his own chaise making and repair shop. Having acquired capital
in the years before the Revolutionary War, he invested it in the importation of sugar and molasses, profiting handsomely,
and investing thereafter in the West Indies trading, in ships of trade and in real estate. By 1790, Brown was the second wealthiest
man in Newburyport. In 1792, he purchased the land, wharf, and flats at the foot of Green Street, where he established his
distillery manufacturing New England Rum. Moses Brown invested his profits in widespread real estate purchases. As the largest
holder of real estate in Newburyport, Brown owned many buildings, be he is best remembered for the one built at his direction
on the public square of his creation - the Brown Square House now known as the Garrison Inn.
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