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Elizabeth Compton Hegemann Photograph Collection of Navajo Indians and the Southwest
photCL 125  
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Collection Overview
 
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Description
This collection contains photographs of Elizabeth Compton Hegemann’s travels through the Navajo Indian Reservation and the Grand Canyon from 1922 to 1934. It also documents Southwest Indian life and archaeological monuments during Hegemann’s career based at the Shonto Trading Post. The most notable images depict Hegemann; United States National Park Service rangers; Fred Harvey Trading Company sites and employees; Navajo and Hopi Indians; trading posts; Charles F. Lummis; the Grand Canyon; various ruins of Indian pueblos; Hopi ceremonies; Navajo horse races; and natural rock formations scattered throughout Arizona. Many of the photographs were published in Hegemann's 1963 book "Navaho Trading Days."
Background
Elizabeth C. Hegemann (1897-1962) traveled through Arizona and Southern California when married to her first husband, Mike Harrison, who was a National Park Service employee. She and Harry Rorick, her second husband, ran the Shonto Trading Post west of Tsegi Canyon on the Navajo Reservation for ten years from 1929 until it burned down around 1938. ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY: Hegemann had arranged her photograph collection before donating it to the Huntington, and this order which Hegemann imposed on the photographs was maintained where possible; she prepared a typewritten transcript of captions for the photographs which elucidates her organizational schema. She apparently bundled the photographs into groups which corresponded to the chapters in "Navaho Trading Days," assigning letters such as “A” for Chapters 1-2, “B” for Chapter 3 and so forth. Within each lettered grouping she made the distinction between those images which were published in the book and those which were not, placing the published material at the beginning of each group. In the margin of the list, each image received a letter and a number (A2/1). In the left margin of the original typescript, a former Huntington curator (Edwin H. Carpenter or “E.H.C.” in original correspondence) put a red number corresponding to the plate number of the photograph as it appeared in "Navaho Trading Days." Now that the collection has been fully processed, each image has been given a unique number which follows the sequential order in which Hegemann arranged the material. All copy negative numbers correspond to the print numbers. The prints and negatives are filed according to the Huntington number. The material which came in after Hegemman’s death was divided into four groups. The first had the same letters as the original group (A through I) and are directly related to the book. The rest of the material was geographically divided into Arizona, California, and New Mexico. No transcript accompanied this material, but one has been generated using the information written on the verso of the photographs. There is now a list describing each item in the collection - see link "List of photographs" under "Additional Collection Guides."
Extent
729 photographs in 2 boxes; prints 9 x 14 cm. (3.5 x 5.5 in.) and smaller. A detailed list of all the photographs, with descriptions, can be seen under “Additional collection guides.”
Restrictions
The photographs which appeared in "Navaho Trading Days" are under copyright to the University of New Mexico Press. While the Huntington will provide copy prints for this material, permission to publish the photographs must be requested in writing from the Press itself. However, not all of the material in the Hegemann Collection is copyrighted by UNM Press. Hegemann arranged the photographs so that those images which appear in the book, and are hence under copyright, come first, followed by the uncopyrighted material. The images which are copyrighted are separated by those that are not by white paper dividers within the collection, and the status of the material is noted on the transcript. None of the photographs acquired in 1965 are copyrighted. At some point the status of this copyright needs to be investigated, since in several instances UNM Press has been unaware of the copyright status when approached by researchers for permission.
Availability
Access is granted to qualified researchers and by appointment. Please contact the Curator of Photographs at the Huntington Library.