Scope and Content
Related materials in the Huntington Library
Title: Horatio N. Rust Photograph Collection
Dates (inclusive): 1850-1905
Collection Number: photCL 7-11
Rust, Horatio N. (Horatio Nelson), 1828-1906
766 photographs and ephemera in 14 boxes
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens.
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2191
Abstract: A collection of photographs compiled by Horatio N. Rust (1828-1906), U.S. Indian agent and archaeological artifact collector.
The main focus of the collection is Indians of Southern California and the
Southwest in the late 19th century, including a set of photographs of Southwest Pueblos by John K. Hillers. There is also
a collection of photographs related to abolitionist John Brown and his descendants living in the West.
Finding aid last updated on April 1, 2014.
Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader
Boxes 4-7 of photCL 11 contain lantern slides, which are fragile and housed separately from the prints. Advance arrangements
for viewing the lantern slides must be made with the Curator of Photographs.
The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material,
nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and
obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.
[Identification of item], Horatio N. Rust Photograph Collection, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.
Gift of Nellie Rust Lockwood and her brother, Edward H. Rust (children of Horatio N. Rust.), 1943.
A few items in the John Brown Collection (photCL 9) were acquired from other sources and transferred to this collection at
various times. Those sources are: Eleanor Billingsley, 1924; Max Farrand, 1934; Fred Lockley, unknown date;
William H. Murray, 1916; Mrs. Edward Simmons, 1948. Specific acquisition information is noted at the item level in the contents
list of this finding aid.
At some point after acquisition, the collection was subdivided into five groups and each was given an individual call number
(photCL 7 -11).
The 120 lantern slides had not been placed with any of these groups and remained uncataloged. In 2013, they were re-housed,
numbered, and integrated into photCL 11.
Horatio Nelson Rust (1828-1906) was a U.S. Indian agent, collector of archaeological artifacts, horticulturist, and a Pasadena,
California resident and booster. Born in Massachusetts, he became a friend and supporter of abolitionist John Brown (1800-1859),
leader of the Harper's Ferry raid. He served as a medical volunteer in the Civil War and afterward helped raise funds for
freed Black emigrants to Kansas. His lifelong interest in archaeology led to his exploration of North American Indian antiquities
and culture, and he served as federal agent for the Indians of the Mission-Tule River Consolidated Agency in California from
1889 to 1893. His jurisdiction included 22 reservations, most of them in San Bernardino County. He advocated for Indian rights,
sometimes stirring controversy, and helped establish an Indian school at Perris, Calif. In 1881, at the age of 53, Rust moved
his family to Pasadena, where he became active in community affairs. Rust helped found Pasadena’s first public library, and
he established a nursery that he and his family ran for sixty years. Rust died in 1906 at the age of 78.
Scope and Content
A collection of photographs compiled by Horatio N. Rust (1828-1906), U.S. Indian agent and archaeological artifact collector.
The main focus of the collection is Indians of Southern California and the Southwest in the late 19th century, including a
set of photographs of Southwest Pueblos by John K. Hillers. There is also a collection of photographs related to abolitionist
John Brown and his descendants living in the West.
The collection has been divided into five groups:
(photCL 7) Album of Indians of Southern California and the Southwest, approximately 1886-1905.
A photograph album compiled by Rust, documenting Indians living in Southern California, Arizona and New Mexico, approximately
1886-1905. Includes group portraits of Indian school students in California; members of the Cahuilla, Luiseno, Morongo, Mojave,
Hopi, and Navajo tribes; the Indian Council at Pala, 1886; and scenes in Pechanga, Soboba and other native communities of
(photCL 8) Trip to Arizona, 1895
Photographs made mostly by A. C. Vroman during Rust’s 1895 trip from Southern California to Arizona to see the Hopi Snake
Dance at Walpi. Rust was accompanied by Mrs. Thaddeus (Leontine) Lowe, Vroman, and Charles J. Crandall. Views include Hopi
and Navajo Indians and scenes of pueblo life; the Snake Dance at Walpi; the Grand Canyon; the Petrified Forest; desert landscapes;
a group portrait of Mojave Indians at Needles, California; and several views of Rust and his fellow travelers with guides,
wagons and supplies.
(photCL 9) John Brown Collection, approximately 1850-1897.
Photographs, prints and ephemera pertaining to abolitionist John Brown and his family. Includes portraits of Brown, his family
members, supporters and other abolitionists; participants in the raid on Harper’s Ferry and officials involved in Brown’s
trial; views of Harper’s Ferry and buildings related to the raid; and views of Brown’s grave and home in New York. There
are also several views of Jason and Owen Brown’s Las Casitas homestead in the mountains near Pasadena, California, and a scene
of mourners gathered at Owen Brown’s grave. A few additional items in the collection were acquired from other sources and
transferred to the collection at various times.
(photCL 10) U.S. Bureau of Ethnology Expedition Photographs of Southwest Pueblos by John K. Hillers, approximately 1879-1881.
Views of pueblo villages and surrounding landscape; some show people and details such as pottery, ovens, and food and water
(photCL 11) Photographs and Lantern Slides of Artifacts and Indians of California, Southwest and Great Plains, approximately
Views of artifacts, some of which were excavated by Rust himself, as he describes in captions; Indians from Great Plains and
western tribes; Indian schools in Tahlequah, Oklahoma, and Perris, California; Southern California Indians. The lantern slides
are mostly copies of photographs elsewhere in the Rust Collection, such as: Southwest Pueblo views by John K. Hillers (photCL
10); Rust’s trip to Arizona, 1895, with A. C. Vroman (photCL 8). Topics of other slides: Southwest Indians by photographer
Frederick H. Maude; San Gabriel Mission; two views of H. N. Rust’s home; Aztec artifacts and ruins.
The collection is arranged by call number as described in the scope content.
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