Overview of the Collection
Scope and Contents
Overview of the Collection
Collection Title: Marian Osgood Hooker Collection
Hooker, Marian Osgood, 1875-1968
Physical Description: 1.00 linear ft
Language of Materials:
Special Collections & University Archives
5500 Campanile Dr. MC 8050
San Diego, CA, 92182-8050
Marian Osgood Hooker was born in 1875 in San Francisco, California to Katherine Putnam Hooker and John Daggett Hooker. Her
father was a wealthy businessman connected to the hardware industry and iron works. He served as vice president of Baker
Iron Works, and was president of Western Union Oil Company for a time. In 1886, Hooker moved his family from San Francisco
to Los Angeles in order to pursue business opportunities there. In Los Angeles, the Hooker home entertained prominent guests,
such as John Muir the conservationist, George Hale, the astronomer, artists, and other intellectual figures.
Marian attended the Marlborough School for Girls, an exclusive preparatory school in Los Angeles. There, she studied art
history and became interested in photography, a common hobby for a young woman of wealth and leisure at the time. She began
visually documenting her family, classmates, home life, friends, and school play productions. She even printed her own glass
plate negatives, demonstrating a skill and aptitude for photography, and foreshadowing the amateur photographer she would
After graduating, Marian and her mother took an eight-month excursion to Europe in 1896. While in Europe, Marian photographed
European architecture, street life, villages, and other sites, showing a particular interest in Italy. Between 1899 and 1922,
Marian and her mother took four other extended European trips. Katherine wrote several noteworthy works about their travels
with Marian's photographs accompanying the text, including Wayfarers in Italy (1902) and Farmhouses and Small Provincial Buildings
in Southern Italy (1925). The images in the latter text supposedly influenced several Southern California architects, such
as Myron Hunt.
Besides Europe, Marian also enjoyed traveling around the Sierra Nevada. In 1903, John Muir asked her to hike up Mt. Whitney
with him and small group of people, making her the first woman to scale the mountain. Mt. Whitney had been named after her
maternal great uncle, a prominent geologist.
Marian graduated from the University of California, Berkeley in 1910 with a degree in medicine. The University of California
appointed her as the Assistant Medical Examiner in 1912. Around this time, Marian's father passed away. After Hooker's death,
Katherine moved to San Francisco where Marian moved in with her. While a physician, Marian wrote several books on medicine,
but she eventually left the profession to take care of her mother. In 1924, they moved to Santa Barbara. Although they never
traveled abroad again, both women took automobile trips around California, always with a camera in hand.
Marian passed away in 1968 in Santa Barbara.
This collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.
Marlborough School (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Conditions Governing Use:
The copyright interests in these materials have not been transferred to San Diego State University. Copyright resides with
the creators of materials contained in the collection or their heirs. The nature of historical archival and manuscript collections
is such that copyright status may be difficult or even impossible to determine. Requests for permission to publish must be
submitted to the Head of Special Collections, San Diego State University, Library and Information Access. When granted, permission
is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical item and is not intended to include or imply permission
of the copyright holder(s), which must also be obtained in order to publish. Materials from our collections are made available
for use in research, teaching, and private study. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including
but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials.
Conditions Governing Access:
This collection is open for research.
Identification of item, folder title, box number,
Marian Osgood Hooker Collection, Special Collections and University Archives, Library and Information Access, San Diego State University.
John and Jane Adams Photograph Collection, Special Collections and University Archives, Library and Information Access, San
Diego State University
Louise Patterson Scrapbook, Special Collections and University Archives, Library and Information Access, San Diego State University
San Diego Scrapbook Collection, Special Collections and University Archives, Library and Information Access, San Diego State
San Diego Photograph Collection, Special Collections and University Archives, Library and Information Access, San Diego State
Hooker Family Papers, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
Scope and Contents
Marian Osgood Hooker Collection consists of two albums dating from 1894 to 1896, which document Marian's growing interest in photography while a student
at the Marlborough School for Girls. Both albums include images of Marian's classmates, friends, and family.
The first album, titled "Marlborough Maidens," is a photographically illustrated manuscript which contains posed photographs
that complement two original publications with rhymed prose, "Sub Rosa" and "Symposium." The models and authors of these productions
were probably several of Marian's classmates from the Marlborough School for Girls, including Henrietta Visscher, Alice Gertrude
Paul, and Mary Cutler. In "Sub Rosa," the girls are posed as Greek goddesses, with accompanying poetic text that makes reference
to Marian acting as the "photographic maid" who "tempted maidens three from school, to shoot them with her deadly tool."
"Symposium" consists of a series of vignettes, such as "The Marlboro Sirens," "A Carnival in Madrid," and "A Rhymed Tragedy."
These vignettes are also composed of original rhymed text and posed photographs of the girls dressed in several costumes,
including a Japanese orchestra, a Fiji chief, a nun, and several other characters which serve to illustrate the text. This
album also includes hand-drawn decorations around the margins and on the cover.
The second album includes candid photographs of Marian's classmates and faculty at the Marlborough School, scenes of home
life at the Hooker residence, Marian and her friends play acting, outdoor scenes, and several photographs of Italy, probably
from Marian's 1896 trip to Europe with her mother. There are no captions. The majority of photographs in this album are
circular snapshots, suggesting that Marian had used a KODAK camera (revolutionary at the time) to take the photographs. Other
photographs appear to be formal studio portraits. Some pages in this scrapbook have light foxing. The album dates from around
1894 to 1896.