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Inventory of the Eesti NSV Riikliku Julgeoleku Komitee [Estonian KGB] records
2012C26  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Location of Originals
  • Related Collections
  • Historical Note
  • Custodial History
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: Eesti NSV Riikliku Julgeoleku Komitee [Estonian KGB] records
    Date (inclusive): 1924-1991
    Collection Number: 2012C26
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: Russian and Estonian
    Physical Description: 6741 digital files (17,197 GB)
    Abstract: Correspondence, reports, and investigative files relating to secret police and intelligence activities, dissident and anti-Soviet activities, and repatriation and nationalism issues, in Estonia, and to Russian refugees in Estonia before 1940 and post-World War II Estonian refugees in western Europe. Digital copies.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Eesti NSV Riikliku Julgeoleku Komitee.
    Contributor: Soviet Union. Komitet gosudarstvennoĭ bezopasnosti.

    Access

    Collection is open for research. Users must sign use agreement.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item] (Digital copy), [Reference code, for example ERAF.140SM.1.1], Eesti NSV Riikliku Julgeoleku Komitee records, Hoover Institution Archives. Originals in the Eesti Riigarkhiv, Tallinn, Estonia.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2012.

    Accruals

    Digitized files are received by Hoover in regular shipments, with the contents of a fond potentially spanning multiple shipments. As a result, the fondy listed in this finding aid may be available only in part. Please contact the Archives to ensure availability before you visit.

    Location of Originals

    Eesti Riigarkhiv, Tallinn, Estonia.

    Related Collections

    Archives of the Soviet Communist Party and Soviet State microfilm collection, Hoover Institution Archives
    Latvijas PSR Valsts Drošības Komiteja [ Latvian KGB] selected records, Hoover Institution Archives
    Lietuvos SSR Valstybes Saugumo Komitetas [Lithuanian KGB] selected records, Hoover Institution Archives
    RFE/RL broadcast records, Hoover Institution Archives
    Sak'art'velos SSR sakhelmtsipo ušišroebis komiteti [Georgian KGB] records, Hoover Institution Archives

    Historical Note

    The People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVD) of the Estonian SSR was established by order No. 001067 of 29 August 1940 as a territorial division of the USSR NKVD. From August 1940 through February 1941 operational work was conducted by the State Security Directorate of the NKVD of the Estonian SSR. In February 1941, the USSR NKVD was divided into two commissariats: NKVD and People's Commissariat of State Security (NKGB). In July 1941, the two commissariats were merged again, with the NKVD in charge of operational work.
    During World War II, the NKVD of the Estonian SSR was essentially abolished. After April 1943 Estonia was again included in the Soviet Union, and the NKVD of the the Estonian SSR was re-established and organized in six structural units, similar to the structure of the USSR NKVD. While restoration of the most essential people's commissariats of the Estonian SSR was completed in February-March 1944, after appointments of people's commissars and commissariat personnel had been approved, the NKVD of the Estonian SSR started taking shape to some extent even earlier, in December 1943, with Lieutenant Colonel Aleksei Ivanov, Deputy Commissar for Cadre, in charge.
    The NKVD of the Estonian SSR was renamed in March 1946 as the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD), and in March 1953 it was again renamed as the Ministry of State Security of the Estonian SSR. It stayed under the authority of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs through March 1954, when it became the Committee of State Security of the Council of Ministers of the Estonian SSR. In 1990 amendments that allowed the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Estonian SSR to operate independently were adopted. In August 1991, the independence of the Republic of Estonia was proclaimed, and the operations of the USSR KGB in Estonia were officially banned. Since 1992 its operations have been performed by the Police Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

    Custodial History

    The records were first held in the Estonian State Archives (Tallinn, Pagari 1) as the National Security Archives. According to governmental order No. 172 of 19 April 1993 (State Herald 1993, No. 22, article 372, p. 532), they were placed in the Police Archives or corresponding departmental archives within the system of the Estonian National Archives (former Party Archives, Tõnismägi, 16).
    The Estonian National Archives registered these fondy with the letters SM (for Internal Affairs) appended to the fond numbers to differentiate them from fondy already existing within the Archives of the Communist Party of the Estonian SSR. The ERAF prefix refers to the Eesti Riigiarhiiv (ERA) followed by an F ( Filiaal, or branch office), even though the archives has no branches.
    The documents in the fondy are included in the Estonian State Archives's Archival Informational System (AIS), and since the 2000s the finding aids to them have been open to researchers; viewing documents is possible upon agreement.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Correspondence, reports, and investigative files relating to secret police and intelligence activities, dissident and anti-Soviet activities, and repatriation and nationalism issues, in Estonia, and to Russian refugees in Estonia before 1940 and post-World War II Estonian refugees in western Europe. Digital copies.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Secret service--Soviet Union.
    Police--Soviet Union.
    Police--Estonia.
    Nationalism--Estonia.
    Dissenters--Estonia.
    Refugees.
    Estonia--History--Soviet occupation, 1940-1941.
    Estonia--Politics and government--1940-1991.