Overview of the Collection
Scope and Content
Overview of the Collection
Title: Black family papers
Dates (inclusive): 1738-1832
Collection Number: HM 49125-49227
103 items in 2 boxes
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
The Huntington Library
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2191
Abstract: The Black family papers contains primarily correspondence between John and Margaret Black and their numerous children and
grandchildren. The correspondence deals with family affairs: trade and mercantile interests in Bordeaux, Cadiz, and London
as well as familial matters in the period between 1738 and 1837. The papers contain very little of Joseph Black's scientific
Finding aid last updated on May 3, 2017.
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[Identification of item]. Black family papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.
Purchased from James B. Pittillo, Aug. 1, 1979.
John Black (1681-1767), native of Belfast of Scottish descent, was a successful wine merchant in Bordeaux, France. In 1716
he married Margaret Gordon, daughter of Robert Gordon, another Scottish wine merchant there. The couple had twelve children,
among whom Joseph Black (1728-1799), Edinburgh chemist and physician, was the most famous. Other sons went to trade or related
fields. Alexander joined his uncle, Robert Black, in Cadiz, where John Black's brother Charles was British consul. Following
Robert Black's death (1761), Alexander Black moved to London and established commercial glassworks. James Black was engaged
in the sugar-refining industry. John Black retired and moved to the family home in Blamont, Co. Antrim in Ireland, and died
there eight years later
Scope and Content
Chiefly the correspondence between John Black (1681-1767) and his wife Margaret (Gordon) Black and their children and grandchildren
concerning family affairs. Includes topics on the family's various trade and mercantile interests in Bordeaux, Cadiz and London
as well as personal family topics. The most famous member of the family, Joseph Black (1728-1799), is represented by his personal
life only, with only cursorary material on his scientific work.The collection also includes biographical notes on the various
members of the Black family as well as several prints and photographs.
The Huntington local manuscripts catalog distinguishes individuals with the same name by the addition of the letters "(a)-(z)".
Several individuals in the Black family papers are so distinguished in the finding aid. The individuals are:
- Alexander Black (b) 1729-1813. Businessman in Cadiz and London.
- Alexander Black (c) Active 1813. Son of James Black (c) and nephew of Alexander Black (b)
- George Black (a) 1725-1800. Son of John Black (b)
- George Black (b) Active 1804. Son of George Black(a)
- James Black (c) 1733- Son of John Black (b). Businessman
- John Black (b) 1681-1767. Irish businessman of Scottish descent in Bordeaux, France
- John Black (c) 1717-1782. Son of John Black (b)
- Joseph Black (b) 1728-1799. Scottish chemist
- Robert Black (a) Active 1738-1747. British businessman in Cadiz, Spain.
- Robert Black (b) 1721-1791. Son of John Black (b) and nephew of Robert (a)
Black, John, 1681-1767 -- Archives.
Black, Joseph, 1728-1799 -- Archives.
Black, Joseph, 1728-1799 -- Family.
Merchants -- Great Britain -- 18th century -- Archives.
Scots -- France -- Bordeaux Region (Acquitaine) -- 18th century -- Archives.
Wine industry -- France -- Bordeaux Region (Acquitaine) -- Archives.
Europe -- Commerce -- History -- 18th century -- Sources.
Europe -- History -- 18th century -- Sources.
Cádiz (Spain) -- Commerce -- 18th century.
Letters (correspondence) -- 18th century.
Family papers -- Great Britain -- 18th century.
Black, John, 1681-1767.
Black, Joseph, 1728-1799.
Black, Alexander, 1729-1813
Black, Alexander, active 1813
Black, George, 1725-1800
Black, George, active 1804
Black, James, 1733-
Black, John, 1717-1782
Black, Margaret Gordon
Black, Robert, active 1738-1747
Black, Robert, 1721-1791