Florence Barclay Hyatt Photograph Collection: Finding Aid

Finding aid prepared by Michelle Sanchez and updated by Diann Benti.
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Photo Archives
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2191
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
© 2013
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.


Overview of the Collection

Title: Florence Barclay Hyatt Photograph Collection
Dates (inclusive): approximately 1860s-1924
Bulk dates: approximately 1860s-1890s
Collection Number: photCL 178, photDAG 94
Creator: Hyatt, Florence Barclay, 1865-
Extent: 49 photographs in 1 box ; photographs 15 x 20 cm. (6 x 8 in.) and smaller + 1 daguerreotype in separate case
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Photo Archives
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2191
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
Abstract: This collection contains 50 photographs collected by Florence Barclay Hyatt (born 1865) including card photographs chronicling the aftermath of the Wounded Knee Massacre in southwestern South Dakota from 1890 to 1891, with images of Buffalo Bill, Captain Frank Dwight Baldwin, General Nelson Appleton Miles, and Chief Kicking Bear. Other images include nature scenes in the mid-Western United States and portraits of Hyatt’s extended family members.
Language: English.

Access

Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

Administrative Information

Publication Rights

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

Florence Barclay Hyatt Photograph Collection. The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Provenance

Purchased from the Shorey Bookstore March 7, 1963.

Biographical Note

Florence Barclay Hyatt was born in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1865; her mother had been a Union nurse while her father had been a soldier in the Union army during the Civil War. In 1876, Florence’s family moved to the Dakota Territory; one of the first bits of news that greeted them here was of the Custer Massacre, and Florence remembered watching personally the soldiers calling on Mrs. Custer to inform her of the tragedy. Later in life, Florence married Wellington Barrington Hyatt, whose father was Aaron Hyatt, a well-known Civil War gunsmith. The Hyatts had a son whom they named Ray Hyatt. Relocating seemed to be a way of life for Florence. Throughout the years, she lived in Bismarck, North Dakota; Chadron, Nebraska; Savanna, Illinois; Chicago, Illinois; and Seattle, Washington.

Historical Note

A significant portion of photographs chronicle the aftermath of the Wounded Knee Massacre in southwestern South Dakota. This event stemmed from white settlers’ fears of the Indian Ghost Dance, which many settlers and the United States Army saw as a war dance that encouraged physical violence. Tensions between the Sioux and the U.S. Army came to a head in December 1890, when a Sioux rifle accidently discharged, prompting the military to shoot and kill more than 250 Sioux Indians, mainly women and children.

Scope and Content of Collection

This collection contains 50 photographs (28 prints, 21 tintypes, and 1 daguerreotype), collected by Florence Barclay Hyatt (born 1865), who moved with her family to the Dakota Territory as a child and later ran a boarding house in Bismarck, North Dakota. The photographs include 14 card photographs chronicling the aftermath of the Wounded Knee Massacre in southwestern South Dakota from 1890 to 1891. Photographs show images of the corpses of Sioux Indians in a mass grave, Chief Hollow Wood, Chief Young Man Afraid of his Horses, council meetings amongst Sioux chiefs, the Ghost Dance, Pine Ridge Indian Agency, Indian police, the Pine Ridge Agency hospital, Indian men and women, and the remnants of Indian camps. Eight views of the mid-Western United States include Sioux Indian Red Tomahawk; Minnehaha Falls in Minnesota; the 1890 Corn Palace in Sioux City, Iowa; and various nature scenes.
The Northwestern Photographic Company created the Wounded Knee Massacre photographs (1-14). F.B. Fiske created photograph (15) of Red Tomahawk, and Brown & Wait created photograph (21) of the Corn Palace at Sioux City, Iowa.
Additionally, the collection also includes 28 Civil War era tintypes, carte-de-visites and card photographs, and one daguerreotype depicting Florence Barclay Hyatt’s family members from the Askren, Johnson, Kirkpatrick, Messenger, and Ruark families. Some of the sitters have been identified while others remain unknown.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  
Corn palaces
Dakota Indians -- Photographs.
Ghost dance -- Photographs.
Indians of North America -- Great Plains -- Photographs.
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Pine Ridge Agency -- Photographs.
Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890 -- Photographs.
Baldwin, Frank Dwight, 1842-1923 -- Photographs.
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917 -- Photographs.
Kicking Bear, 1853-1904 -- Photographs.
Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-192 -- Photographs. 5
Red Tomahawk (Dakota Indian), approximately 1853-1931 -- Photographs.
Young Man Afraid of His Horse, approximately 1830-1900 -- Photographs.
Fiske, Frank Bennett, 1883-1952, photographer.
Northwestern Photographic Company, photographer.
Shorey Book Store, seller.
Chadron (Neb.) -- Photographs.
Iowa -- Photographs.
Minnehaha Falls (Minn.) -- Photographs.
Nebraska -- Photographs.
Wyoming -- Photographs.
Card photographs.
Cartes-de-visite (card photographs)
Daguerreotypes (photographs).
Photographs.
Portraits.
Tintypes.


Collection Contents

Box 1

Prints and tintypes (Items 1-49)

 

Battle of Wounded Knee and Aftermath, and Pine Ridge Agency, 1890-1891. Photographer: Northwestern Photographic Company, Chadron, Nebraska

Note

Item titles transcribed from titles on images; cataloger-supplied titles are in square brackets.
Box 1, Item 1

The Medicine Man, taken at the Battle of Wounded Knee S.D.

Box 1, Item 2

Burial of the Dead at the Battlefield at Wounded Knee, S.D.

Box 1, Item 3

[Remains of an Indian camp after a battle‚--possibly Wounded Knee]

Box 1, Item 4

Grand Council between Friendly and Hostile Indian Chiefs at Pine Ridge Agency, S.D. Jan. 17, 1891. Chief Kicking Bear talking.

Box 1, Item 5

Beef Issue at Pine Ridge, S.D.

Box 1, Item 6

[Indian men, women, and children]

Box 1, Item 7

Bird's eye view at Indian village at Pine Ridge Agc., S.D.

Box 1, Item 8

Chief Hollow Wood, taken at Pine Ridge, S.D.

Box 1, Item 9

[Indian Ghost Dance before Battle of Wounded Knee. 1890]

Box 1, Item 10

Chief Young Man Afraid of his Horses and his Tepee taken at Pine Ridge Agency, S.D. Jan. 17, 1891

Box 1, Item 11

Chief Kicking Bear, leading chief of the Brule hostile Indians. Pine Ridge, S.D.

Box 1, Item 12

Buffalo Bill, Capt. Baldwin, Gen. N.A. Miles, and Capt. Moss. Pine Ridge Agency, S.D.

Box 1, Item 13

Indian police at Pine Ridge

Box 1, Item 14

[Hospital at Pine Ridge Agency, S.D.]

 

Mid-West Views

Note

Item titles transcribed from titles on images; cataloger-supplied titles are in square brackets.
Box 1, Item 15

Red Tomahawk. Sioux. [Part of a 1924 calendar] [Photographer: F.B. Fiske]

Box 1, Item 16

View at Fort Robinson, Neb.

Box 1, Item 17

Crow Butte, Neb. Southeast view

Box 1, Item 18

View at head of Chadron Creek, Neb.

Box 1, Item 19

View on west side of Chadron Creek, Neb.

Box 1, Item 20

Medicine Butte, Wyo.

Box 1, Item 21

Corn Palace, 1890 [Photographers: Brown & Wait, Sioux City, Iowa]

Box 1, Item 22

Minnehaha in all of her glory. The scene of Longfellow's immortal story. Taken in March 1897, about the hour of eleven

Note

Title transcribed from handwritten caption on item verso.
 

Florence Barclay Hyatt’s Family Portraits (Tintypes, Card Photographs, and Daguerreotype)

Note

Item titles transcribed from handwritten identifications on item versos; cataloger-supplied titles are in square brackets.
Box 1, Item 23

Julia Askren

Box 1, Item 24

Levi Johnson, Grandma Messenger's brother. Entered Civil War at age of 14 as a drummer boy

Box 1, Item 25

Agnes Kirkpatrick

Box 1, Item 26

Bud Kirkpatrick [possibly Newton Porter Kirkpatrick]

Box 1, Item 27

John Kirkpatrick

Box 1, Item 28

John Kirkpatrick [standing with unidentified man]

Box 1, Item 29

Julia Kirkpatrick

Box 1, Item 30

Mary Kirkpatrick

Box 1, Item 31

Preston Kirkpatrick, mother's uncle [in Civil War uniform] [possibly Cyrus Preston Kirkpatrick]

Box 1, Item 32

Will Kirkpatrick

Box 1, Item 33

Lon Masterson

Box 1, Item 34

David Messenger's son

Box 1, Item 35

Johnson Messenger [in Civil War uniform]

Box 1, Item 36

Mary Messenger

Box 1, Item 37

Orlin Messenger

Box 1, Item 38

Rolin Messenger

Box 1, Item 39

Carrie Ruark

Box 1, Item 40

Sarah Ruark

Box 1, Item 41

Uncle Den [Unidentified man]

Box 1, Item 42

[Unidentified infant]

Box 1, Item 43

[Unidentified boy]

Box 1, Item 44

[Two unidentified girls]

Box 1, Item 45

[Unidentified young woman]

Box 1, Item 46

[Unidentified older woman with book]

Box 1, Item 47

[Unidentified older woman]

Box 1, Item 48

School friend of mother's [Unidentified young man]

Box 1, Item 49

[Unidentified bearded man]

photDAG 94

Daguerreotype (Item 50)

Item 50

[Two unidentified women]

Daguerreotype.