Scope and Content
Title: Photograph album of views of the Ferrocarril Central from Callao to Chicla, Peru
Date (inclusive): 1882-1889
Collection number: 94/322
1 album (50 photographic prints) : albumen, 29 x 38 cm (album)
Photographs are mounted on 24 stiff white card leaves mounted on stubs; ms. stock numbers [?] 172-202 below lower left-hand
corner of photo; ms. captions in pen below each photo, written in English, with numerous errors in spelling of Spanish place
Spec. Coll. copy: large oblong folio half-bound in brown cloth and black leather; gold-stamped cover title "Album of Photographs;"
textured white endpapers. Small red label on front pastedown of Partridge Photo Supplier of San Francisco [Calif.]. Monogrammed
label on front pastedown, with initials "M.S. Co." or "S.M. Co." and caption above and below "Established A.D. 1802." In modern
beige cloth clamshell box.
Abstract: Album of photographs of travel through Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, and Hawaii, probably dating from 1883-1889.
Language: Finding aid is written in
Language of the Material:
Materials are in English.
University of California, Los Angeles. Library Special Collections.
Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact UCLA Library Special Collections
for paging information.
Restrictions on Access
Open for research. STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact UCLA Library
Special Collections for paging information.
Restrictions on Use and Reproduction
Property rights to the physical object belong to the UC Regents. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the
creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright
owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.
Provenance/Source of Acquisition
Joint Special Collections-CRIS purchase, Charles B. Wood, 2011.
[Identification of item], Photograph album of views of the Ferrocarril Central from Callao to Chicla, Peru (Collection 94/322).
UCLA Library Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, UCLA.
UCLA Catalog Record ID
Scope and Content
The album, perhaps compiled for an ambassador, government official, or high-ranking businessman or railroad official, documents
the arrival of the traveler--perhaps from San Francisco--in Corinto, Nicaragua, aboard the Pacific Mail steamer "San José."
The journey continues probably aboard a U.S. Navy ship, the officers of which were photographed on deck in a group portrait.
The ship stops in Panama--there are photos of Chiriqui Prison there--and then the port of Paita in northern Peru, a desolate
town. The final stop is the port city of Callao, near Lima. A sign in the port announces the "Ferrocarril a Lima y Chorrillos";
there are also photos of the plaza and the Calle Constitución. In the capital city of Lima, photos capture splendid examples
of colonial architecture, with photos of the elaborately carved wooden balconies of the Torre Tagle Palace, the baroque facade
of the church of San Juan de Dios, and the towers of the great cathedral of Lima. Also included are views of the Palacio de
Gobierno, the arcades along the Plaza, the Bolívar statue in the Plaza Bolívar, and a garden path in the Lima suburb of Miraflores.
The next 18 photos document a journey on the Ferrocaril Central, which runs from Callao up the Peruvian Andes to La Oroya,
one of the greatest feats of railroad engineering in the world. The railroad was designed by an American, Henry Meiggs of
San Francisco; construction began in Callao in 1870 under the direction of two Polish engineers, Ernest Malinowski, and Edward
Jan Habich, and was completed as far as Chicla by 1878; the final stretch to the smelter at La Oroya (12,178 feet above sea
level) was delayed by the international economic crisis, Meiggs's death in 1877, and the outbreak of the War of the Pacific
in 1879, and was not completed until 1893. Ascending from Callao, the tracks run along the Rimac River, to Chicla (12,225
ft. elev.), passing herds of llamas, mountain hamlets, and the old terraced fields of the Incas, now overgrown with turf.
The train makes its way through the Andes, through tunnels (there are a total of 63 tunnels on the route), switchbacks, and
narrow gorges, climbing higher and higher. Three important railroad bridges are pictured: the Infiernillo bridge (Puente Infiernillo)
spans a chasm over 1000 feet deep, with a tunnel at both ends; the Verrugas viaduct is made of hollow wrought iron columns
252 feet tall at its highest point, and was manufactured in Phoenixville, Pa. at a cost of $63,000; and the Challape viaduct,
near Matucana. The travelers return to Callao by handcar, as seen in the final Peru photo which captures four gentlemen posing
in a handcar on the Infiernillo Bridge tracks. The album concludes with a series of photos of Hawaii, probably added at a
later time, after the Peruvian railroad photos. The Hawaiian photos include portraits of the Hawaiian royal family--Queen
Kapiolani, King David Kalakaua, his niece, Princess Victoria Kaiulani Cleghorn as a young girl; their royal residence, the
Iolani Palace in Honolulu, in both interior and exterior shots; and Hale Akala, a bungalow which the king had built in 1882
as a more informal residence for everyday living. Also pictured in the album is the "Residence of H.M. Cleghorn," home of
Princess Kaiulani, daughter of King David's sister, Miriam Likelike and Archibald Cleghorn, a Scottish businessman.
Possible range of dates suggested by historic references in photos, and date of album patent, April 1882, stamped in blue
along gutter of album at end.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Kapiolani, Queen of Hawaii, 1834-1899 --Photographs.
Kalakaua, David, King of Hawaii, 1836-1891 --Photographs.
Kaiulani, Princess of Hawaii, 1875-1899 --Photographs.
Pacific Mail Steamship Company.
Palacio de Torre-Tagle (Lima, Peru) --Photographs.
Chiriqui Prison (Chiriqui, Panama) --Photographs.
Catedral de Lima --Photographs.
San Juan de Dios (Church : Lima, Peru) --Photographs.
Palacio de Gobierno (Lima, Peru) --Photographs.
Ferrocarril Central (Peru) --Photographs.
Paita-Piura Railway --Photographs.
United States. Navy --Officers --Photographs.
Iolani Palace --Photographs.
Parliament House (Honolulu, Hawaii) --Photographs.
Steamboats --Nicaragua --Corinto --Photographs.
Balconies --Peru --Lima --Photographs.
Facades --Peru --Lima --Photographs.
Plazas --Peru --Callao (Callao) --Photographs.
Plazas --Peru --Lima --Photographs.
Gardens --Peru --Lima --Photographs.
Windmills --Peru --Lima --Photographs.
Llamas --Peru --Chicla --Photographs.
Terracing --Andes Region --Photographs.
Railroads --Peru --Photographs.
Railroad tunnels --Andes Region --Photographs.
Railroad bridges --Andes Region --Photographs.
Handcars --Andes Region --Photographs.
Corinto (Nicaragua) --Photographs.
Paita (Peru) --Photographs.
Paita (Peru) --Buildings, structures, etc. --Photographs.
Callao (Callao, Peru) --Photographs.
Callao (Callao, Peru) --Buildings, structures, etc. --Photographs.
Lima (Peru) --Photographs.
Miraflores (Lima, Peru) --Photographs.
Plaza Bolívar (Lima, Peru) --Photographs.
Chicla (Peru) --Photographs.
La Oroya (Peru) --Photographs.
Rimac River (Peru) --Photographs.
Honolulu (Hawaii) --Photographs.
Genres and Forms of Material
Other Index Terms Related to this Collection
Partridge Photo Supplier.
For additional information on the photographs of the La Oroya (Central) railroad, see Natalia Majluf, "Photographers in Andean
visual culture: traces of an absent landscape," History of photography 24, no. 2 (Summer 2000): 91-100, especially p. 93-95.