Papers of Albert B. Fall, 1887-1941


Descriptive Summary

Title: Papers of Albert B. Fall, 1887-1941
Dates: 1887-1941
Collection Number: FA boxes 1-109
Creator/Collector: Fall, Albert B. (Albert Bacon), 1861-1944
Extent: 55,000 pieces
Repository: Huntington Library. Manuscripts Department
Abstract: Archive belonging to Senator Albert Bacon Fall.
Language of Material: English


Collection is open to all qualified researchers.

Preferred Citation

Papers of Albert B. Fall, 1887-1941. Huntington Library. Manuscripts Department

Acquisition Information

Gift of Mahlon T. Everhart, Jr., 1952-1963.

Biography/Administrative History

Albert B. Fall, senator from New Mexico (1912-21) and secretary of the Interior (1921-23), came to the West from his native Kentucky, entered the field of law, purchased a large cattle ranch, and entered New Mexico politics. He was one of the state's first senators and chairman of the Senate Subcommittee Investigating Mexican Affairs. As secretary of the Interior he concentrated his efforts on the development of the nation's resources, such as the controversy over Alaskan resources, the transfer from the Forestry Bureau to the Interior Department, the building of Boulder Dam, and the leasing of the Elk Hills (CA) and Teapot Dome (WY) Naval Oil Reserves. These oil leases ended his career and Fall, deemed guilty of having accepted a bribe, was sentenced to prison and died in 1944.

Scope and Content of Collection

Collection contains letters and documents related to the following subjects: Fall's terms of office as senator for New Mexico and secretary of the Interior (1912-23), family affairs (1907-41), and personal business (1912-23); politics and government (both in New Mexico and on a national level); New Mexico (especially land, water, forest, and mineral questions); Mexico (including the testimony before the U.S. Senate Subcommittee Investigating Mexican Affairs); reclamation projects (especially the Colorado River Project and Elephant Butte Dam); Indian Affairs (particularly with the Apache, Navajo, and Pueblo tribes); Alaska. Significant persons represented in the collection include: Holm Olaf Bursum (31 pieces), Thomas Benton Catron (5), George Curry (20), Harry Micajah Daugherty (15), Henry Ossian Flipper (25), Warren Gamaliel Harding (25), Herbert Clark Hoover (10), Charles Evans Hughes (23), Franklin Knight Lane (24), Robert Lansing (21), Henry Cabot Lodge (13), Stephen Tyng Mather (10), Theodore Roosevelt (10), Woodrow Wilson (15).

Indexing Terms

Cabinet officers - United States - Archives
Conservation of natural resources - West (U.S.)
Indians of North America - New Mexico
Legislators - United States - Archives
Natural resources - West (U.S.)
Oil industries - West (U.S.)
Teapot Dome Scandal, 1921-1920
Water reuse - New Mexico
Bursum, Holm Olaf
Catron, Thomas Benton, 1840-1921
Curry, George, 1861-1947
Daugherty, H. M.(Harry Micajah), 1860-1941
Flipper, Henry Ossian, 1856-1940
Harding, Warren G.,(Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923
Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964
Hughes, Charles Evans, 1862-1948
Lane, Franklin K.
Lansing, Robert, 1864-1928
Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924
Mather, Stephen Tyng, 1867-1930
Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919
Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations
United States. Dept. of the Interior
Mexico - History - Revolution, 1910-1920
Mexico - Foreign relations - United States
New Mexico - History
New Mexico - Politics and government
United States - Foreign relations - Mexico
Letters (correspondence) - United States

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