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Francis Baylies Correspondence
mssHM 78727-78777  
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Collection Overview
 
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Description
The collection consists of a series of 48 letters sent by American Congressman Francis Baylies to General John E. Wool between 1848 and 1852. Baylies writes extensively, and often scathingly, of antebellum era politics, statesmen, military operations, military leaders, and social movements. Specific topics covered include the Mexican-American War, the presidential elections of 1848 and 1852, New York state politics, and revolutionary activity in Europe in 1848-1849.
Background
Francis Baylies (1783-1852) was born on October 16, 1783, in Taunton, Massachusetts. He was a great-grandson of Quaker ironmaster Thomas Baylies (1687-1756), nephew of Hodjiah Baylies (1756-1843), an aide-de-camp to General George Washington during the American Revolution, and brother of Congressman William Baylies (1776-1865). Baylies studied law and was admitted to the bar in Massachusetts in 1810. He ran unsuccessfully for Congress in 1818 before being elected to the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Congresses. He was the only New Englander to vote against John Quincy Adams when the presidential election of 1824 went to the House. Baylies ran as a Federalist, Jackson Federalist, and Jacksonian before being defeated in a re-election bid in 1827. He subsequently served as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1827 until 1832. He was briefly appointed as charge d’affaires in Buenos Aires in 1832, and after returning to the United States was re-elected to the House of Representatives. Baylies married Mrs. Elizabeth Moulton Deming in 1822. He published An Historical Memoir of the Colony of New Plymouth in 1830 and A Narrative of Major General Wool’s Campaign in Mexico, in the years 1846, 1847, and 1848 in 1851. Baylies died in Taunton on October 28, 1852.
Extent
51 items
Restrictions
The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.
Availability
Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.