An album of 83 cyanotype photographs by Charles F. Lummis was a gift from Lummis to Susanita Del Valle in 1888. The majority
of photographs depict Rancho Camulos in Ventura County, California, as well as members of the Del Valle family, who owned
the rancho. Lummis included several self-portraits as well as scenes that evoke a romantic view of 19th century California
ranch life. In addition, there are two original poems inscribed by Lummis to Susanita Del Valle. To view digital images of
the photograph album, please use this link: http://hdl.huntington.org/cdm/compoundobject/collection/p15150coll2/id/5930/rec/1
In 1884, Charles Fletcher Lummis (1859-1928) walked from Cincinnati, Ohio to Los Angeles, California in a public relations
gambit to announce his new job as city editor of the Los Angeles Times. The provocative New Englander went on to become an
outspoken and influential promoter of California and the American Southwest. Lummis wore many hats during his illustrious
forty-year career: incendiary journalist; editor of Out West magazine; Los Angeles city librarian; presidential advisor; patron
of artists and writers; and cultural preservationist. In addition, Lummis was a talented photographer, producing thousands
of photographs between 1885 and 1920.
Lummis started making photographs in 1885, soon after his arrival in Los Angeles. He favored the cyanotype process which was
popular among amateur photographers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The cyanotype, notable for its blue tone, is
made by bringing sensitized paper into contact with a negative in direct sunlight. The print is then washed in a solution
of distilled water.
The album, "Views of Camulos," which Lummis gave to Susanita Del Valle, is one of the earliest and most comprehensive albums
produced by Lummis. In "American Character: The Curious Life of Charles Fletcher Lummis and the Rediscovery of the Southwest"
(Arcade Publishing, 2001), the author explores Lummis’s relationship with the Del Valle family that led to the creation of
the gift album, noting that “Lummis had paid his first visit to Camulos soon after reaching Los Angeles and had fallen in
love with the place. The Del Valles became lifelong friends” (Thompson, 123).
The album makes clear Lummis’s infatuation with life at Camulos in its many photographs of the landscape, daily activities,
and the Del Valle family. An inveterate womanizer, the married Lummis developed a romantic attraction to the sixteen-year-old
Susanita. Between 1887 and 1888, Lummis wrote numerous letters to Susanita which discussed, among other things, his plans
for a divorce that would enable him to marry her.
Apart from his interest in Susanita, Lummis may also have seen commercial potential for his Rancho Camulos photographs. Helen
Hunt Jackson visited Camulos in 1882 and including observations about ranch life in her bestselling novel "Ramona" (1884).
Lummis’s publication of "The Home of Ramona: Photographs of Camulos, the fine old Spanish Estate described by Mrs. Helen Hunt
Jackson as the Home of 'Ramona'” (1888) was the first publication to link Rancho Camulos to the Helen Hunt Jackson novel.
The gift album provides a unique and expanded set of photographs that Lummis used to champion Camulos as the original home
of the fictional character Ramona.
Sources used in the creation of this finding aid include:
Autry National Center. Braun Research Library. Accessed February 2013. http://theautry.org/research/braun-research-library.
/ Dawson, Michael. "Appraisal Report Prepared by Michael Dawson for The Huntington Library," July 2011. / Thompson, Mark.
"American Character: The Curious Life of Charles Fletcher Lummis and the Rediscovery of the Southwest." New York: Arcade Publishing,
All requests for permission to publish photographs must be submitted in writing to the Curator of Photographs. Permission
for publication is given on behalf of the Huntington as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or
imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.
The album has been scanned and digital reproductions are available in the Huntington Digital Library: http://hdl.huntington.org/cdm/compoundobject/collection/p15150coll2/id/5930/rec/1.
Due to the fragility of the album, access to the original item is granted only by permission of The Curator of Photographs.