Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Daniel Patrick Moynihan Papers, White House Central Files, 1969-1970
Collection Number: 3620259
Moynihan, Daniel P. (Daniel Patrick), 1927-2003
Extent: 39 linear feet, 10 linear inches; 91 boxes
Online items available
Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum
Abstract: The materials of Daniel Patrick Moynihan cover the period from January 1969 to December 1970 when Dr. Moynihan served as Counselor
to the President for Urban Affairs during the administration of President Richard Nixon and reflect Moynihan's activities
in wide range of domestic policy issues.
Language of Material: English
Collection is open for research. Some materials may be unavailable based upon categories of materials exempt from public release
established in the Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act of 1974.
Most government records are in the public domain; however, this series includes commercial materials, such as newspaper clippings,
that may be subject to copyright restrictions. Researchers should contact the copyright holder for information.
Daniel Patrick Moynihan Papers, White House Central Files, 1969-1970. Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum
These materials are in the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration under the provisions of Title I of
the Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act of 1974 (P.L. 93-526, 88 Stat. 1695) and implementing regulations.
Daniel Patrick Moynihan was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma on March 16, 1927. At the age of six Dr. Moynihan and his family moved
to New York City where he graduated from Benjamin Franklin High School in East Harlem in 1943. After spending a year at the
City College of New York, Dr. Moynihan enlisted in the United States Navy and received officer training at Tufts University
in Massachusetts. He served on active duty with the navy from 1944 – 1947 and was the gunnery officer onboard the U.S.S.
Quirinus. After being discharged from the navy, Dr. Moynihan returned to Tufts University and received a B.A. in Sociology
in 1948. He continued his education by attending the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts in which he earned his
M.A. in 1949. In 1950, Dr. Moynihan was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship and moved to London to attend the London School of
Economics. He remained in Great Britain until 1953. He received his Ph.D. in International Relations from Syracuse University
Daniel Patrick Moynihan is best known for his work in academia and politics. However, in his youth he also worked as a shoe
shiner, longshoreman and bartender. His first entry into politics was in 1953 when he worked on Robert Wagner’s New York
City mayoral campaign. In 1954 he worked on W. Averell Harriman’s New York gubernatorial campaign and later worked in Harriman’s
administration as a speech writer and chief aid. Dr. Moynihan served in the administrations of four United States presidents.
He was a delegate at the 1960 Democratic National Convention for John F. Kennedy. He then worked for the Kennedy Administration
as an Assistant Secretary of Labor for Policy. He remained in this position into the early years of the Johnson Administration
working primarily on national policy with regards to poverty. He left the Johnson Administration in 1965 and remained out
of politics until 1969 when as a Democrat he joined the Nixon Administration as Counselor to the President for Urban Affairs.
He was in this position until December of 1970 and focused on welfare reform through his Family Assistance Plan. In 1973
President Nixon appointed Dr. Moynihan as United States Ambassador to India in which he remained until 1975. In 1975, President
Ford appointed Dr. Moynihan as the Permanent Representative to the United Nations where he served as the President of the
United Nations Security Council. In 1976 Daniel Moynihan retired from the United Nations and became a United States Senator
from New York, defeating incumbent Republican James Buckley. As a senator, Dr. Moynihan sat on the Select Committee on Intelligence
and was the chairman of the Senate Finance Committee. He won re-election to the senate for three additional terms and retired
in 2001. In 2000, President Clinton awarded Dr. Moynihan the Medal of Freedom.
Daniel Moynihan’s career in academia began in 1958 after Governor Harriman lost his re-election effort to Nelson Rockefeller.
He relocated to Syracuse University to complete his P.hD. and to write about his time in the Harriman administration. After
leaving the Johnson administration in 1965, Dr. Moynihan became a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Studies at Wesleyan University.
In 1966 he became the Director of the Joint Center for Urban Studies at Harvard University as well as a tenured professor
of Education at Harvard’s Graduate School of Education. After leaving the Nixon administration in 1970, Dr. Moynihan returned
to Harvard as a professor in the Department of Government and shifted his interests from domestic policy to foreign affairs.
He briefly returned to Harvard in 1975 after serving as the United States Ambassador to India, but left to become the United
States Permanent Representative to the United Nations. After he retired from the Senate in 2001, he joined the Public Administration
faculty at the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University. Dr. Moynihan received a Hubert Humphrey
Award as well as a Heinz Award for his scholarly achievements. Dr. Moynihan was the author of 19 books. Some of his works
Beyond the Melting Pot (1963), The Negro Family: The Case for National Action (1965), Maximum Feasible Misunderstanding: Community
Action in the War on Poverty (1969), Violent Crimes (1970), Coping: Essays on the Practice of Government (1973), The Politics
of a Guaranteed Income (1973), Business and Society in Change (1975), A Dangerous Place (1978), Best Editorial Cartoons of
the Year, 1980 (1980), Family and Nation: The Godkin Lectures (1986), Came the Revolution (1988), On the Law of Nations (1990),
Pandemonium: Ethnicity in International Politics (1994), Miles to Go: A Personal History of Social Policy (1996), Secrecy:
The American Experience (1998), and Future of the Family (2003).
In May 1955, Dr. Moynihan married Elizabeth Brennan who was a campaign worker on Governor Averell Harriman’s 1954 campaign
as well as a staff member in Harriman’s Albany, New York office. They had three children Timothy, Maura and John as well
as two grandchildren. Daniel Patrick Moynihan died on March 26, 2003 at the age of 76, after complications from a ruptured
appendix. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Scope and Content of Collection
The materials of Daniel Patrick Moynihan cover the period from January 1969 to December 1970 when Dr. Moynihan served as Counselor
to the President for Urban Affairs during the administration of President Richard Nixon. The materials are arranged into
five series including: Correspondence, Meetings Files, Subject Files, Council for Urban Affairs Files (CUA) and Photographs.
The materials in this series reflect Daniel Patrick Moynihan's activities in a wide range of domestic policy issues. The correspondence
subseries contains documents, in which Moynihan tries to utilize members of the academic community, particularly his fellow
faculty members at Harvard, to offer assistance on developing policy, recruiting for government positions, and dealing with
student unrest. There are also a number of internal memoranda to other staff members of the administration including H. R.
Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, Henry Kissinger and Donald Rumsfeld, as well as Chester Finn who worked on Moynihan's staff. The
meetings files subseries consists of speeches, speech drafts and agendas from a number of meetings and conferences that Moynihan
attended throughout the country. The materials in the subject files subseries relate to Dr. Moynihan's domestic policy activities,
including poverty, housing, jobs, education, race, nutrition, the environment, health care, student unrest, city riots, crime
and drug enforcement, the bicentennial, population control, civil rights, and the war in Vietnam. Materials include letters
to members of Congress and governors, internal memoranda to respond to criticism, statistical documentation and press releases.
The Council for Urban Affairs (CUA) files subseries includes items about the creation of the Council including memoranda on
who should be part of the CUA and what responsibilities each Council member will have.
The materials in the subject files series relate to Dr. Moynihan’s domestic policy activities. Poverty was a major area of
interest for Dr. Moynihan and there are numerous materials on the Family Assistance Plan (FAP), a plan which would replace
certain federal programs with a direct cash payment to those who qualified. Materials include documents on the development
of FAP, letters to members of Congress and governors to support the program, internal memorandum to respond to criticism,
statistical documentation and press releases. In additions to FAP, the collection contains other materials relating to poverty
including items on housing, jobs, education, race, and nutrition. The environment is another topic covered in the subject
files. There includes documents on fossil fuel consumption and the green house effect along with materials relating the Council
on the Concerns of Modern Society (CCMS). The CCMS was a conference in Brussels, Belgium in which representatives from several
nations came to discuss environmental issues, and Moynihan was the United States representative to the conference. The collection
contains materials dealing with architectural issues including hiring the Architect of the Capitol and the redevelopment of
Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington D.C. with the Pennsylvania Ave. Commission. Other topics in the subject file series include
health care, student unrest, city riots, crime and drug enforcement (especially dealing with heroin traffic from Turkey),
the bicentennial, population control, civil rights, and the war in Vietnam. The subject file also contains a number of books,
articles, essays, reports and papers submitted to Dr. Moynihan from scholars, government officials and corporations. These
materials were used by Dr. Moynihan as research materials and were either submitted at Moynihan’s request or independently.
The series on the Council for Urban Affairs files (CUA) includes items about the creation of the Council including memoranda
on who should be part of the CUA and what responsibilities of each council member will have. President Nixon’s speech officially
creating the CUA is included. Other materials in this series include schedules, agendas and minutes from CUA meetings. This
series contains its own subject file which includes many of the same topics as in Moynihan’s office subject file. Additional
topics are insurance, legal matters, dealing with local governments, migration, science, transportation and creating volunteer
programs. The CUA series includes its own correspondence and meetings files. This series also contains numerous books, articles,
news clippings and reports used by the CUA.
The photographs series maintains several loose photographs of Moynihan himself as well as events and meetings attended by
Moynihan. Some of these photographs are official White House photographs while others were independently taken. A few of
the photographs include President Nixon. This series also contains multiple binders of black and white photographs taken
from major cities in the United States detailing the cleanup efforts in urban areas. Cities include Boston, New York, Detroit,
Washington D. C., Baltimore and Los Angeles. Some of the cleanup efforts took place after a city riot had occurred. The
materials in this series have been transferred to our audio visual department and are not included with the textual materials.
Please contact our audio visual staff to view these materials.