Finding Aid for the Ted Gilien Photographs of postwar Japan and the Philippines, ca. 1945-1946

Processed by Lesley Ragsdale, with assistance from Kelley Wolfe Bachli and Lilace Hatayama, March 2012; machine-readable finding aid created by Caroline Cubé.
UCLA Library Special Collections
Room A1713, Charles E. Young Research Library
Box 951575
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1575
Email: spec-coll@library.ucla.edu
URL: http://www.library.ucla.edu/libraries/special/scweb/
© 2012
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.


Descriptive Summary

Title: Ted Gilien Photographs of postwar Japan and the Philippines
Date (inclusive): ca. 1945-1946
Collection number: 1924
Creator: Gilien, Ted.
Extent: 2 boxes (0.8 linear ft.)
Abstract: This collection contains approximately 500 photographs taken by combat artist and painter Ted Gilian ca. 1945-1946 documenting war destruction in Japan and the Philippines. He later used many of the photographs as source materials for his paintings.
Language: Finding aid is written in English.
Language of the Material: Materials are in English.
Repository: University of California, Los Angeles. Library Special Collections.
Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact UCLA Library Special Collections for paging information.

Administrative Information

Restrictions on Access

Open for research. STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact UCLA Library Special Collections for paging information.

Restrictions on Use and Reproduction

Property rights to the physical object belong to the UC Regents. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.

Provenance/Source of Acquisition

Gift of Jeremy Gilien, Ted Gilien's son, 2010.

Processing Note

Processed by Lesley Ragsdale March 2012, with assistance from Kelley Bachli and Lilace Hatayama.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Ted Gilien Photographs of postwar Japan and the Philippines (Collection Number 1924). UCLA Library Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, UCLA.
1914 March 17 Ted Gilien born in Brooklyn, New York
1932-1933 Attended the Art Students League and the National Academy of Art in New York City
1934-1938 Participated in the Federal Arts Project as a mural and easel painter
1939 Painted a post office mural in Lees Summit, Missouri
1940-1942 Employed as a shipyard worker in San Pedro, California
1942-1946 Served as a combat artist with the US military and covered areas of Japan decimated by atomic bombs as well as the Philippines
1946-1965 Displayed artwork at 20 one-man shows on the West Coast
1951 Published the Price, a collection of 50 anti-war paintings and drawings
1954 Held show in New York at Associated American Artists
1949-1960 Published a Visual History of the Maccabees, comprised of 180 paintings and drawings
1932-1965 Exhibited at over 500 shows, represented in more than 400 private and public collections, and received 26 major awards
1946-1965 Taught at Chouinard, Kann, Palos Verdes, Westside Jewish, Pasadena Community Center, and the University of Judaism
1963 Featured in American Artist magazine
1965-? Exhibited one man shows at the International Design Center in LA, the LA Sports Arena, the Inheritance Gallery, and the Renaissance Gallery in Beverly Hills
1965 Awarded first prize at the California State Fair
1967 March 11 Died in Los Angeles

Scope and Content

The collection contains approximately 500 black and white photographs taken ca. 1945-1946 in Japan and the Philippines. The photographs document the destruction caused by the atomic bomb in Nagasaki including the ruins of the Urakami Cathedral. Along with significant photographs depicting building destruction, many images depict Japanese citizens clearing rubble, living in the streets in makeshift camps, or moving bundled belongings by any means available. The photographs also include images of ruined Japanese boats, ships, and military planes. A few photographs depict crowds at the Imperial Palace in Tokyo as well as kabuki theatre. The collection also contains photographs of US GIs serving in Japan. Photographs from the Philippines focus on images of citizens living in rough and meager conditions.

Organization and Arrangement

The collection is arranged into the following series:
  1. Nagasaki destruction
  2. Urakami Cathedral destruction
  3. Planes and ships
  4. Street scenes
  5. Clearing rubble
  6. Men and crowds
  7. Children
  8. Girls
  9. Kabuki
  10. Tokyo Imperial Palace
  11. US GIs
  12. Philippines

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

Subjects

Gilien, Ted, 1914-1967 --Archives.
Photographers --United States --Archival resources.


Container List

 

Nagasaki destruction

Physical Description: (164 photographs)

Scope and Content Note

Contains images of building destruction as well as some images of fire
 

Urakami Cathedral destruction

Physical Description: (51 photographs)

Biography/Organization History

St. Mary's Cathedral, also called Urakami Cathedral due to its location in Urakami in the northern region of the city of Nagasaki, was originally constructed in 1895. The brick Romanesque Catholic Church was destroyed when an atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945 and a replacement building was constructed in 1959.
 

Planes and ships

Physical Description: (85 photographs)

Scope and Content Note

This file contains images of wrecked Japanese military planes, some photographs taken during flight, and images of wrecked military and civilian boats and vessels.
 

Street scenes

Physical Description: (123 photographs)

Scope and Content Note

The file contains images of vehicles, bicycles, and carts used to move bundled belongings along with images of citizens living in makeshift camps amidst war destruction. The file also contains some images of intact buildings and monuments.
 

Clearing rubble

Physical Description: (26 photographs)

Scope and Content Note

The file contains images of Japanese men and soldiers clearing rubble.
 

Men and crowds

Physical Description: (141 photographs)

Scope and Content Note

The file contains images of men and crowds in the streets or living in makeshift camps. Some images depict possible delousing.
 

Children

Physical Description: (69 photographs)
 

Girls

Physical Description: (78 photographs)
 

Kabuki

Physical Description: (19 photographs)

Biography/Organization History

Kabuki is a traditional Japanese dance-drama known for the stylization of its drama and the elaborate makeup worn by its performers.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Kabuki
 

Tokyo Imperial Palace

Physical Description: (34 photographs)
 

US GIs

Physical Description: (62 photographs)
 

Philippines

Physical Description: (154 photographs)

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Philippines